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Selection: with tag biodiversity-impacts [20 articles] 

 

Forest fire danger extremes in Europe under climate change: variability and uncertainty

  
Keywords: adaptation   array-of-factors   biodiversity   biodiversity-impacts   burnt-area   climate-change   climate-extremes   communicating-uncertainty   data-transformation-modelling   data-uncertainty   downscaling   droughts   dynamic-system   ecosystem-resilience   emergent-property   euro-cordex   europe   extreme-events   extreme-weather   fire-damage   fire-danger-rating   fire-management   fire-weather-index   forest-fires   forest-management   forest-pests   forest-resources   free-scientific-software   geospatial   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   human-behaviour   humidity   ipcc-scenarios   mastrave-modelling-library   mitigation   modelling-uncertainty   no-analog-pattern   peseta-series   precipitation   rcp85   resilience   resilience-vs-resistance   review   robust-modelling   science-policy-interface   science-society-interface   scientific-communication   semantic-array-programming   spatial-pattern   species-richness   species-specific-effects   temperature   vegetation-changes   wildfires   wind  

Abstract

Forests cover over a third of the total land area of Europe. In recent years, large forest fires have repeatedly affected Europe, in particular the Mediterranean countries. Fire danger is influenced by weather in the short term, and by climate when considering longer time intervals. In this work, the emphasis is on the direct influence on fire danger of weather and climate. [\n] For climate analysis at the continental scale, a daily high-emission scenario (RCP 8.5) was considered up to the end ...

References

  1. de Rigo, D., Bosco, C., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., Houston Durrant, T., Barredo, J. I., Strona, G., Caudullo, G., Di Leo, M., Boca, R., 2016. Forest resources in Europe: an integrated perspective on ecosystem services, disturbances and threats. In: San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T., Mauri, A. (Eds.), European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. Publ. Off. EU, Luxembourg, pp. e015b50+. https://w3id.org/mtv/FISE-Comm/v01/e015b50 .
  2. Alberdi Asensio, I., Baycheva-Merger, T., Bouvet, A., Bozzano,
 

Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity

  
Nature, Vol. 486, No. 7401. (6 June 2012), pp. 59-67, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11148

Abstract

The most unique feature of Earth is the existence of life, and the most extraordinary feature of life is its diversity. Approximately 9 million types of plants, animals, protists and fungi inhabit the Earth. So, too, do 7 billion people. Two decades ago, at the first Earth Summit, the vast majority of the world’s nations declared that human actions were dismantling the Earth’s ecosystems, eliminating genes, species and biological traits at an alarming rate. This observation led to the question of ...

 

Destructive storms in European forests: past and forthcoming impacts

  
(2011)

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] [::] Forest and other wooded land within Europe cover 42 % of the land area and have a wide range of ecological, social and economic functions that continue to grow in importance. [::] Wind storms have caused catastrophic damage to forests throughout history, but during the last century damage has increased markedly. Storms are now responsible for more than 50% of primary damage to European forests. [::] Much of the damage increase can be related to forest expansion and change. [::] Responses of foresters, ...

 

Biotic homogenization at the community scale: disentangling the roles of urbanization and plant invasion

  
Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 19, No. 7. (1 July 2013), pp. 738-748, https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12028

Abstract

Aim Urbanization as a major global trend profoundly changes biodiversity patterns, and homogenization of urban biota due to expanding exotic species and declining native species is of increasing concern. Previous studies on this topic have mostly taken place at large scales that include high habitat heterogeneity. Here, we aimed at disentangling the effects of urbanization and plant invasion on species composition through the analysis of similarity patterns of urban plant assemblages at the community scale where species interact. Location Berlin, Germany. ...

 

Climate change impacts on tree species, forest properties, and ecosystem services

  
In Toward Quantitative Scenarios of Climate Change Impacts in Switzerland (2014), pp. 79-88

Abstract

[::] Swiss forests experience strong impacts under the CH2011 scenarios, partly even for the low greenhouse gas scenario RCP3PD. Negative impacts prevail in low-elevation forests, whereas mostly positive impacts are expected in high-elevation forests. [::] Major changes in the distribution of the two most important tree species, Norway spruce and European beech, are expected. Growth conditions for spruce improve in a broad range of scenarios at presently cool high-elevation sites with plentiful preci- pitation, but in the ...

 

Climate impacts in Europe - The JRC PESETA II project

  
edited by J. C. Ciscar

Abstract

The objective of the JRC PESETA II project is to gain insights into the sectoral and regional patterns of climate change impacts in Europe by the end of this century. The study uses a large set of climate model runs and impact categories (ten impacts: agriculture, energy, river floods, droughts, forest fires, transport infrastructure, coasts, tourism, habitat suitability of forest tree species and human health). The project integrates biophysical direct climate impacts into a macroeconomic economic model, which enables the comparison ...

References

  1. Aaheim, A., Amundsen, H., Dokken, T., Wei, T., 2012. Impacts and Adaptation to Climate Change in European Economies. Global Environmental Change 22(4), 959-968. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.06.005 .
  2. Alley, R.B., Whillans, I.M., 1991. Changes in the West Antarctic ice sheet. Science 254 (5034), 959–963. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.254.5034.959 .
  3. Anstey, J., Davini, P., Gray, L., Woollings, T., 2012. Multi-model analysis of winter blocking and tropospheric jet variability: The roles of horizontal and vertical resolution. Submitted to J.
 

Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States

  
Ecological Economics, Vol. 52, No. 3. (29 February 2005), pp. 273-288, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2004.10.002

Abstract

Invading alien species in the United States cause major environmental damages and losses adding up to almost $120 billion per year. There are approximately 50,000 foreign species and the number is increasing. About 42% of the species on the Threatened or Endangered species lists are at risk primarily because of alien-invasive species. ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 5

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: betula-populifolia   betula-potamophila   betula-psammophila   betula-pubescens   betula-raddeana   betula-recurvata   betula-skvorsovii   betula-spp   betula-sunanensis   betula-szaferi   betula-utilis   betula-zinserlingii   betulaceae   bias   bias-correction   bias-disembodied-science-vs-computational-scholarship   bias-toward-primacy-of-theory-over-reality   bibliometrics   bifurcation-analysis   big-data   binomial-distribution   bio-based-economy   biochemical-product   bioclimatic-envelope-models   bioclimatic-predictors   biocontrol-agents   biodiversity   biodiversity-hotspot   biodiversity-impacts   biodiversity-indicator   biodiversity-offsets   bioeconomy   bioenergy   bioethanol   biofilm   biofiltration   biofuel   biogenic-volatile-organic-compounds   biogeography   bioinformatics   biological-control   biological-invasions   biology   biomass   biomass-burning   biomass-production   biomass-to-energy   biome   biomonitoring   bioscience   biosecurity   biotechnology   biotic-effects   biotic-factors   biotic-homogenization   biotic-interactions   birches   bird-conservation   bird-dispersal   bird-pollination   birds   biscogniauxia-atropunctata   biscogniauxia-mediterranea   biscogniauxia-nummularia   bismarckia-nobilis   bison-bonasus   bixa-orellana   black-aphid   black-carbon   black-pine   black-poplar   black-sea-region   blechnum-spicant   blitz   blue-tits   blue-water   bogs   boiss   bombacopsis-quinata   bombax-malabaricum   bone-attachment   boolean-expressions   bootstrap   bootstrapping   borassus-flabellifer   borch-forest   border-effect   boreal-continental-forest   boreal-forest   boreal-forests   boreal-mountain-system   bosnia-herzegovina   boswellia-sacra   botanical-macro-remains   botany   botryosphaeria-spp   bottom-up   brachylaena-huillensis   brachylaena-rotundata   inrmm-list-of-tags  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012: an indicator-based report

  
EEA Report, Vol. 12 (2012)

Abstract

[Excerpt]Executive summary. Key messages • Climate change (increases in temperature, changes in precipitation and decreases in ice and snow) is occurring globally and in Europe; some of the observed changes have established records in recent years. • Observed climate change has already led to a wide range of impacts on environmental systems and society; further climate change impacts are projected for the future. • Climate change can increase existing vulnerabilities and deepen socio‐economic imbalances in Europe. • Damage ...

 

Does fire increase the spatial heterogeneity of bird communities in Mediterranean landscapes?

  
Ibis, Vol. 145, No. 2. (1 April 2003), pp. 307-317, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1474-919x.2003.00155.x

Abstract

The occurrence of large burnt areas has increased considerably in southern Europe in recent years. In order to design management plans to prevent large wildfires while preserving biodiversity, understanding of the ways in which birds respond to these fires is required. We investigated the spatial variability of both avifauna and habitat structure in three zones: unburnt, burnt in 1982, and burnt in 1994. The habitat structure of the unburnt zone was the most variable spatially. However, bird species composition between sampling ...

 

Modelling the impact of agricultural abandonment and wildfires on vertebrate diversity in Mediterranean Europe

  
In Landscape Ecology, Vol. 22, No. 10. (2007), pp. 1461-1476, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-007-9125-3

Abstract

Agricultural land abandonment, widespread in the Mediterranean, is leading to a recovery of scrubland and forests which are replacing open habitats and increasing wildfire events. Using published data, we modelled the global and regional impact of abandonment and wildfires on 554 species of terrestrial vertebrates occurring in Mediterranean Europe. For all groups except amphibians, open habitats or farmland sustained higher species richness. Open habitats showed regional differences in their conservation value, western areas being particularly important for birds and amphibians and ...

 

Spatial covariance between biodiversity and other ecosystem service priorities

  
Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 46, No. 4. (August 2009), pp. 888-896, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01666.x

Abstract

1.  Ecosystems support biodiversity and also provide goods and services that are beneficial to humans. The extent to which the locations that are most valuable for ecosystem services coincide with those that support the most biodiversity is of critical importance when designing conservation and land management strategies. There are, however, few studies on which to base any kind of conclusion about possible spatial patterns of association between ecosystem services and biodiversity. Moreover, little is known about the sensitivity of the conclusions ...

 

Advancing risk assessment models for invasive alien species in the food chain: contending with climate change, economics and uncertainty

  
Bioforsk FOKUS, Vol. 7, No. 10. (2012)

Abstract

[Preface] Invasive alien species are widely recognized as a threat to the sustainability of natural resources and agricultural production. Global trade frequently moves pathogens and pests from their native range to new areas where they can become problematic. Insects and diseases initially associated with agriculture can become problematic in natural settings. Biosecurity efforts to protect agriculture and natural resources from new pests depend on accurate forecasts of where new species might arrive, establish, spread and have the greatest impact. This workshop ...

 

Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines

  
Science, Vol. 328, No. 5982. (28 May 2010), pp. 1164-1168, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1187512

Abstract

In 2002, world leaders committed, through the Convention on Biological Diversity, to achieve a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. We compiled 31 indicators to report on progress toward this target. Most indicators of the state of biodiversity (covering species’ population trends, extinction risk, habitat extent and condition, and community composition) showed declines, with no significant recent reductions in rate, whereas indicators of pressures on biodiversity (including resource consumption, invasive alien species, nitrogen pollution, overexploitation, and climate ...

 

Turning science into policy: challenges and experiences from the science–policy interface

  
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 360, No. 1454. (28 February 2005), pp. 471-477, https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2004.1601

Abstract

This paper discusses key issues in the science–policy interface. It stresses the importance of linking the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity to the Millennium Development Goals and to issues of immediate concern to policy-makers such as the economy, security and human health. It briefly discusses the process of decision-making and how the scientific and policy communities have successfully worked together on global environmental issues such as stratospheric ozone depletion and climate change, and the critical role of international assessments in ...

 

Identifying spatial priorities for protecting ecosystem services

  
F1000 Research, Vol. 1 (27 September 2012), 17, https://doi.org/10.3410/f1000research.1-17.v1

Abstract

Priorities for protecting ecosystem services must be identified to ensure future human well-being. Approaches to broad-scale spatial prioritization of ecosystem services are becoming increasingly popular and are a vital precursor to identifying locations where further detailed analyses of the management of ecosystem services is required (e.g., examining trade-offs among management actions). Prioritization approaches often examine the spatial congruence between priorities for protecting ecosystem services and priorities for protecting biodiversity; therefore, the spatial prioritization method used is crucial because it will influence ...

 

Three-Gorges dam - Experiment in habitat fragmentation?

  
Science, Vol. 300, No. 5623. (23 May 2003), pp. 1239-1240, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1083312

Abstract

Habitat fragmentation is the primary cause of the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services, but its underlying processes and mechanisms remain poorly understood. Studies of islands and insular terrestrial habitats are essential for improving our understanding of habitat fragmentation. We argue that the Three-Gorges Dam, the largest that humans have ever created, presents a unique grand-scale natural experiment that allows ecologists to address a range of critical questions concerning the theory and practice of biodiversity conservation. ...

 

A global synthesis reveals biodiversity loss as a major driver of ecosystem change

  
Nature, Vol. 486, No. 7401. (7 June 2012), pp. 105-108, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11118

Abstract

Evidence is mounting that extinctions are altering key processes important to the productivity and sustainability of Earth’s ecosystems. Further species loss will accelerate change in ecosystem processes, but it is unclear how these effects compare to the direct effects of other forms of environmental change that are both driving diversity loss and altering ecosystem function. Here we use a suite of meta-analyses of published data to show that the effects of species loss on productivity and decomposition—two processes important in all ...

 

High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services

  
Nature, Vol. 477, No. 7363. (10 August 2011), pp. 199-202, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10282

Abstract

Biodiversity is rapidly declining worldwide, and there is consensus that this can decrease ecosystem functioning and services. It remains unclear, though, whether few or many of the species in an ecosystem are needed to sustain the provisioning of ecosystem services. It has been hypothesized that most species would promote ecosystem services if many times, places, functions and environmental changes were considered; however, no previous study has considered all of these factors together. Here we show that 84% of the 147 grassland ...

 

Globally downscaled climate projections for assessing the conservation impacts of climate change

  
Ecological Applications, Vol. 20, No. 2. (March 2010), pp. 554-565, https://doi.org/10.1890/09-0173.1

Abstract

ssessing the potential impacts of 21st-century climate change on species distributions and ecological processes requires climate scenarios with sufficient spatial resolution to represent the varying effects of climate change across heterogeneous physical, biological, and cultural landscapes. Unfortunately, the native resolutions of global climate models (usually approximately 2° × 2° or coarser) are inadequate for modeling future changes in, e.g., biodiversity, species distributions, crop yields, and water resources. Also, 21st-century climate projections must be debiased prior to use, i.e., corrected for systematic ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/biodiversity-impacts

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
Search only within the INRMM-MiD publication records:
Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.