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Selection: with tag assessment [81 articles] 

 

Assessing European wild fire vulnerability

  
Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14 (April 2012), 9452

Abstract

Wild fire vulnerability is a measure of potential socio-economic damage caused by a fire in a specific area. As such it is an important component of long-term fire risk management, helping policy-makers take informed decisions about adequate expenditures for fire prevention and suppression, and to target those regions at highest risk. This paper presents a first approach to assess wild fire vulnerability at the European level. A conservative approach was chosen that assesses the cost of restoring the previous land cover after a potential fire. Based on the CORINE ...

 

A multi-model assessment of the co-benefits of climate mitigation for global air quality

  
Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 11, No. 12. (01 December 2016), 124013, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/11/12/124013

Abstract

We present a model comparison study that combines multiple integrated assessment models with a reduced-form global air quality model to assess the potential co-benefits of global climate mitigation policies in relation to the World Health Organization (WHO) goals on air quality and health. We include in our assessment, a range of alternative assumptions on the implementation of current and planned pollution control policies. The resulting air pollution emission ranges significantly extend those in the Representative Concentration Pathways. Climate mitigation policies complement ...

 

Terrestrial ecosystems, soil and forests

  
In Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016 - An indicator-based report, Vol. 1/2017 (January 2017), pp. 153-182, https://doi.org/10.2800/534806

Abstract

[Excerpt: Key messages] [::] Observed climate change has had many impacts on terrestrial ecosystems, such as changes in soil conditions, advances in phenological stages, altitudinal and latitudinal migration of plant and animal species (generally northwards and upwards), and changes in species interactions and species composition in communities, including local extinctions. [::] The relative importance of climate change as a major driver of biodiversity and ecosystem change is projected to increase further in the future. In addition to climate change, human efforts to mitigate and adapt to ...

References

  1. Alkemade, R., Bakkenes, M., Eickhout, B., 2011. Towards a general relationship between climate change and biodiversity: An example for plant species in Europe. Regional Environmental Change 11, 143–150. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-010-0161-1 .
  2. Allen, C. D., Macalady, A. K., Chenchouni, H., Bachelet, D., McDowell, N., Vennetier, M., Kitzberger, T., Rigling, A., Breshears, D. D., Hogg, E. H. (Ted), Gonzalez, P., Fensham, R., Zhang, Z., Castro, J., Demidova, N., Lim, J.-H., Allard, G., Running, S. W., Semerci, A.,
 

Executive summary

  
In Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016 - An indicator-based report, Vol. 1/2017 (January 2017), pp. 12-30, https://doi.org/10.2800/534806

Abstract

[Excerpt: Key messages] [::] All of the key findings from the 2012 European Environment Agency (EEA) report on climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe are still valid. [::] Climate change is continuing globally and in Europe. Land and sea temperatures are increasing; precipitation patterns are changing, generally making wet regions in Europe wetter, particularly in winter, and dry regions drier, particularly in summer; sea ice extent, glacier volume and snow cover are decreasing; sea levels are rising; and climate-related extremes such as heat waves, heavy precipitation ...

References

  1. Ciscar, J.-C., Feyen, L., Soria, A., Lavalle, C., Raes, F., Perry, M., Nemry, F., Demirel, H., Rozsai, M., Dosio, A., Donatelli, M., Srivastava, A. K., Fumagalli, D., Niemeyer, S., Shrestha, S., Ciaian, P., Himics, M., Van Doorslaer, B., Barrios, S., Ibáñez, N., Forzieri, G., Rojas, R., Bianchi, A., Dowling, P., Camia, A., Libertà, G., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Barredo, J. I., Paci, D., Pycroft, J., Saveyn, B., Van Regemorter, D., Revesz, T., Vandyck, T.,
 

Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016 - An indicator-based report

  
Vol. 1/2017 (January 2017), https://doi.org/10.2800/534806

Abstract

[Excerpt: Executive summary] Key messages [::] All of the key findings from the 2012 European Environment Agency (EEA) report on climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe are still valid. [::] Climate change is continuing globally and in Europe. Land and sea temperatures are increasing; precipitation patterns are changing, generally making wet regions in Europe wetter, particularly in winter, and dry regions drier, particularly in summer; sea ice extent, glacier volume and snow cover are decreasing; sea levels are rising; and climate-related extremes such as heat waves, heavy ...

 

Analysis of the energetic flows through the SEBAL application to the assessment of the actual evapotranspiration in a Napa Valley vineyard California (USA)

  
In Clima e agricoltura: strategie di adattamento e mitigazione, Vol. 12 (June 2009), 56

Abstract

The use of water resources is constantly growing in agriculture industry and the reduction of the this resource is due by both anthropogenic and climate factors. Under this perspective it is necessary to develop monitoring systems able to forecast the consumption of water. The knowledge of the actual water demand of a crop is therefore strategic for the rational use of resources and to improve the quality of the crop production. Recent applications of remote sensing in agriculture provide a valuable contribution to release this purpose, besides the integration of remotely sensed ...

 

Comparison between energy balance and mass balance models for actual evapotranspiration assessment

  
In Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XI, Vol. 7472 (2009), 747212, https://doi.org/10.1117/12.830229

Abstract

The assessment of the water needs for a specific crop has a fundamental importance in the management of water resources. The application of empirical models able to retrieve estimates of the actual evapotranspiration (ETa) to assess the need for water could give a valid tool for the planning of water supply, avoiding unnecessary water losses. In this context, two independent models for estimating actual evapotranspiration were compared. The first model is based on an energy balance and uses remotely sensed data ...

 

Improving the assessment and reporting on rare and endangered species through species distribution models

  
Global Ecology and Conservation, Vol. 2 (December 2014), pp. 226-237, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2014.09.011

Abstract

Species distribution models (SDMs) are increasingly used to understand rare and endangered species distributions, as well as the environmental pressures affecting them. Detailed knowledge of their distribution is critical for reporting its conservation status, and SDMs are potential tools to provide the relevant information to conservation practitioners. In this study, we modeled the distribution of Veronica micrantha, a vulnerable plant whose conservation status has to be periodically assessed under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive. [\n] The objective was to highlight the ...

 

European map of alien plant invasions based on the quantitative assessment across habitats

  
Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 15, No. 1. (January 2009), pp. 98-107, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2008.00515.x

Abstract

[Aim] Recent studies using vegetation plots have demonstrated that habitat type is a good predictor of the level of plant invasion, expressed as the proportion of alien to all species. At local scale, habitat types explain the level of invasion much better than alien propagule pressure. Moreover, it has been shown that patterns of habitat invasion are consistent among European regions with contrasting climates, biogeography, history and socioeconomic background. Here we use these findings as a basis for mapping the ...

 

Mapping and assessing the condition of Europe's ecosystems: progress and challenges - EEA contribution to the implementation of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020

  
No. 3/2016. (2016), https://doi.org/10.2800/417530

Abstract

[Excerpt: Executive summary] We depend on healthy and resilient ecosystems to continue to deliver a range of essential services, such as food, water, clean air and recreation, into the future. However, our natural capital is being lost to or degraded by pressures such as pollution, climate change, overexploitation and urban development. The EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 therefore sets a target to maintain and enhance ecosystems and their services by establishing green infrastructures and restoring at least 15 % of degraded ecosystems by 2020. Mapping ecosystems and their condition is essential for measuring ...

References

  1. Adi Associates, 2014. Setting up of an Underwater Trail in the Marine Protected Area from Rdum Majjiesa to Rasir-Raheb. http://www.adi-associates.com/projects/settingupof-an-underwater-trail-in-themarine-protected-areafromrdum-majjiesa-to-ras-irraheb .
  2. Airoldi, L., Beck, M. W., 2007. Loss, status and trends for coastal marine habitats of Europe. Oceanography and Marine Biology, (45) 345–405.
  3. Armson, D., Stringer, P., Ennos, A. R., 2012. The effect of tree shade and grass on surface and globe temperatures in an urban area. Urban
 

Mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services indicators for ecosystem assessments under action 5 of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020: 2nd report - final, February 2014

  

Abstract

The second MAES report presents indicators that can be used at European and Member State's level to map and assess biodiversity, ecosystem condition and ecosystem services according to the Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES v4.3). This work is based on a review of data and indicators available at national and European level and is applying the MAES analytical framework adopted in 2013. ...

 

The global impacts of extreme sea-level rise: a comprehensive economic assessment

  
Environmental and Resource Economics (2015), pp. 1-29, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10640-014-9866-9

Abstract

This paper investigates the world-wide economic cost of rapid sea-level rise of the kind that could be caused by accelerated ice flow from the West Antarctic and/or the Greenland ice sheets. Such an event would have direct impacts on economic activities located near the coastline and indirect impacts further inland. Using data from the DIVA model on sea floods, river floods, land loss, salinisation and forced migration, we analyse the effects of these damages in a computable general equilibrium model for ...

References

  1. Aaheim A, Amundsen H, Dokken T, Ericson T, Wei T (2012) Impacts and adaptation to climate change in European economies. Glob Environ Change 22:959–968
  2. Armington PS (1969) A theory of demand for products distinguished by place of production. Int Monet Fund staff Pap 16(1):159–176
  3. Bentley C, Thomas R, Velicogna I (2007) Ice sheets, chapter 6A in global outlook for snow and ice. UNEP
  4. Bosello F, Roson R, Tol
 

Soil erosion risk assessment in Europe

  
Vol. 19044 (2000)

Abstract

[Excerpt] Soil erosion by water is a widespread problem throughout Europe. A report for the Council of Europe, using revised GLASOD data (Oldeman et al., 1991; Van Lynden, 1995), provides an overview of the extent of soil degradation in Europe. [...] The most dominant effect is the loss of topsoil, which is often not conspicuous but nevertheless potentially very damaging. Physical factors like climate, topography and soil characteristics are important in the process of soil erosion. In part, this explains the difference between the severe water ...

 

Soil erosion risk assessment in Italy

  
Vol. 19044 (2000)

Abstract

[Excerpt] Soil erosion by water is a widespread problem throughout Europe. A report for the Council of Europe, using revised GLASOD data (Oldeman et al., 1991; Van Lynden, 1995), provides an overview of the extent of soil degradation in Europe. [...] The most dominant effect is the loss of topsoil, which is often not conspicuous but nevertheless potentially very damaging. Physical factors like climate, topography and soil characteristics are important in the process of soil erosion. In part, this explains the difference between the severe water ...

 

Accelerated sediment fluxes by water and tillage erosion on European agricultural land

  
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 34, No. 12. (30 September 2009), pp. 1625-1634, https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.1852

Abstract

Soil loss on arable agricultural land is typically an order of magnitude higher than under undisturbed native vegetation. Although there have been several recent attempts to quantify these accelerated fluxes at the regional, continental and even global scale, all of these studies have focused on erosion by water and wind and no large scale assessment of the magnitude of tillage erosion has been made, despite growing recognition of its significance on agricultural land. Previous field scale simulations of tillage erosion severity ...

 

A national assessment of green infrastructure and change for the conterminous United States using morphological image processing

  
Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 94, No. 3-4. (15 March 2010), pp. 186-195, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2009.10.003

Abstract

Green infrastructure is a popular framework for conservation planning. The main elements of green infrastructure are hubs and links. Hubs tend to be large areas of ‘natural’ vegetation and links tend to be linear features (e.g., streams) that connect hubs. Within the United States, green infrastructure projects can be characterized as: (1) reliant on classical geographic information system (GIS) techniques (e.g., overlay, buffering) for mapping; (2), mainly implemented by states and local jurisdictions; and (3) static assessments that do not routinely ...

 

Climate impact research: beyond patchwork

  
Earth System Dynamics, Vol. 5, No. 2. (13 November 2014), pp. 399-408, https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-5-399-2014

Abstract

Despite significant progress in climate impact research, the narratives that science can presently piece together of a 2, 3, 4, or 5 °C warmer world remain fragmentary. Here we briefly review past undertakings to characterise comprehensively and quantify climate impacts based on multi-model approaches. We then report on the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISI-MIP), a community-driven effort to compare impact models across sectors and scales systematically, and to quantify the uncertainties along the chain from greenhouse gas emissions and climate ...

References

  1. Arnell, N. W., Lowe, J. A., Brown, S., Gosling, S. N., Gottschalk, P., Hinkel, J., Lloyd-Hughes, B., Nicholls, R. J., Osborn, T. J., Osborne, T. M., Rose, G. A., Smith, P., and Warren, R. F.: A global assessment of the effects of climate policy on the impacts of climate change, Nat. Clim. Change, 3, 512–519, 2013.
  2. Asseng, S., Ewert, F., Rosenzweig, C., Jones, J. W., Hatfield, J. L., Ruane, A. C., Boote, K.
 

Crisis mappers turn to citizen scientists

  
Nature, Vol. 515, No. 7527. (19 November 2014), pp. 321-321, https://doi.org/10.1038/515321a

Abstract

Crowdsourced disaster surveys strive for more reliability in online collaboration. [Excerpt] When Typhoon Haiyan barrelled into the Philippines on 8 November 2013, more than 1,600 volunteers leapt to their laptops to make 4.5 million edits to OpenStreetMap, an online, open global map. Working from satellite imagery, the volunteers created maps for stricken areas of the islands, and tagged buildings that seemed to have been damaged or destroyed. The maps were used to help aid workers to navigate the terrain, and the damage ...

 

Overview of the special issue: a multi-model framework to achieve consistent evaluation of climate change impacts in the United States

  
Climatic Change (2014), pp. 1-20, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-014-1206-0

Abstract

[Excerpt] Understanding the risks of the physical impacts and economic damages associated with different levels of future climate change is essential to informing policy decisions designed to address these risks. Proposed policies to mitigate greenhouse gases (GHGs) have generally been focused around specific temperature or emissions targets, such as limiting global average temperature change to 2 °C above preindustrial levels (IPCC 2014) or reducing GHG emissions to 80 % below 2005 levels by 2050 (White House 2013). Many analyses of the potential costs of these proposals have ...

References

  1. Arnell, N.W., Lowe, J.A., Brown, S., Gosling, S.N., Gottschalk, P., Hinkel, J., Warren, R.F., 2013. A global assessment of the effects of climate policy on the impacts of climate change. Nat Clim Chang 3(5), 512–519. https://doi.org/10.​1038/​nclimate1793
  2. Calvin, K., Bond-Lamberty, B., Edmonds, J., Hejazi, M., Waldhoff, S., Wise, M., Zhou, Y., 2014. The effects of climate sensitivity and carbon cycle interactions on mitigation policy stringency. Clim Change. https://doi.org/10.​1007/​s10584-013-1026-7
  3. Ciscar, J.-C., Feyen, L.,
 

Software Support for Sustainable Supply Chain Configuration and Management

  
In ICT Innovations for Sustainability, Vol. 310 (2015), pp. 271-283, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-09228-7_16

Abstract

A methodology for the inclusion of sustainability assessment in the design of supply chains is introduced, with the aim of taking into account a sustainability perspective in logistics and industrial allocation choices. The presented approach is based on the initial collection and organization of data related to all stages of the product life cycle and of the possible alternative choices to be made for each production and transport stage. An optimization algorithm is then used to prune the space of alternative ...

 

Selecting among five common modelling approaches for integrated environmental assessment and management

  
Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 47 (September 2013), pp. 159-181, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2013.05.005

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] We review five common integrated modelling approaches. [::] Model choice considers purpose, data type, scale and uncertainty treatment. [::] We present a guiding framework for selecting the most appropriate approach. [Abstract] The design and implementation of effective environmental policies need to be informed by a holistic understanding of the system processes (biophysical, social and economic), their complex interactions, and how they respond to various changes. Models, integrating different system processes into a unified framework, are seen as useful tools to help ...

 

Modelling and simulating change in reforesting mountain landscapes using a social-ecological framework

  
Landscape Ecology In Landscape Ecology, Vol. 25, No. 2. (1 February 2010), pp. 267-285, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-009-9438-5

Abstract

Natural reforestation of European mountain landscapes raises major environmental and societal issues. With local stakeholders in the Pyrenees National Park area (France), we studied agricultural landscape colonisation by ash (Fraxinus excelsior) to enlighten its impacts on biodiversity and other landscape functions of importance for the valley socio-economics. The study comprised an integrated assessment of land-use and land-cover change (LUCC) since the 1950s, and a scenario analysis of alternative future policy. We combined knowledge and methods from landscape ecology, land change and ...

 

Consequences of Climate Change Damages for Economic Growth - A Dynamic Quantitative Assessment

  
OECD Economics Department Working Papers, Vol. 2014 (June 2014), 1135, https://doi.org/10.1787/5jz2bxb8kmf3-en

Abstract

This report focuses on the effects of climate change impacts on economic growth. Simulations with the OECD’s dynamic global general equilibrium model ENV-Linkages assess the consequences of a selected number of climate change impacts in the various world regions at the macroeconomic and sectoral level. This is complemented with an assessment of very long-run implications, using the AD-RICE model. The analysis finds that the effect of climate change impacts on annual global GDP is projected to increase over time, leading to ...

References

  1. Agrawala, S. and S. Fankhauser (2008), “Economic Aspects of Adaptation to Climate Change”, OECD Publishing.
  2. Agrawala, S., F. Bosello, C. Carraro, E. De Cian, E. Lanzi, K.C. De Bruin and R.B. Dellink (2011), “Plan or React? Analysis of adaptation costs and benefits using Integrated Assessment Models”, Climate Change Economics, Vol. 2(3), pp. 175-208.
  3. Berrittella, M., Bigano, A., Roson, R. and R.S.J. Tol (2006), “A general equilibrium analysis of climate change
 

Assessing impacts of intensified biomass removal on deadwood in European forests

  
Ecological Indicators, Vol. 11, No. 1. (04 January 2011), pp. 27-35, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.04.004

Abstract

Deadwood is a key indicator for assessing policy and management impacts on forest biodiversity. We developed an approach to include deadwood in the large-scale European Forest Information Scenario (EFISCEN) model and analysed impacts of intensifying forest biomass removal on the amount and type of deadwood in forests of 24 European Union member states. In EFISCEN, deadwood consists of standing and downed deadwood, resulting from mortality, and stem residues from felling activities. To include deadwood in EFISCEN we developed mortality functions and ...

 

Remote Sensing Based Post-Disaster Damage Mapping – Ready for a Collaborative Approach?

  
IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 4, No. 1. (2011), 290822

Abstract

[Excerpt] Rapid and accurate assessment of structural damage is essential after disaster events, especially in densely built-up urban areas. The results provide guidance for rescue forces and other immediate relief efforts, as well as subsequent rehabilitation and reconstruction. Especially for spatially extensive events, ground-based mapping is too slow, typically hindered by disaster-related site access difficulties, or too dangerous as in the case of potential radioactive contamination resulting from the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami disaster in Japan. Remote sensing has long ...

 

Evaluating integrated assessment tools for policy support

  
In Environmental and Agricultural Modelling (2010), pp. 237-256, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-3619-3_10

Abstract

Integrated Assessment Modelling tools are complex tools requiring specific evaluation methodologies. Based on the example of the SEAMLESS-Integrated framework, we show how the conceptual, technical and system evaluation steps of the different components (procedures, quantitative models, graphic user interfaces) were performed by a multidisciplinary team. To make the not-yet-available tool real, mock-up and test cases were mobilized throughout the development process in order to integrate final end-users in the evaluation process. The main lessons from the project are that the evaluation ...

 

Inclusion of soil erosion impacts in life cycle assessment on a global scale: application to energy crops in Spain

  
The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Vol. 18, No. 4. (2013), pp. 755-767, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-012-0525-5

Abstract

Purpose Despite the fundamental role of ecosystem goods and services in sustaining human activities, there is no harmonized and internationally agreed method for including them in life cycle assessment (LCA). The main goal of this study was to develop a globally applicable and spatially resolved method for assessing land use impacts on the erosion regulation ecosystem service. Methods Soil erosion depends much on location. Thus, unlike conventional LCA, the endpoint method was regionalized at the grid cell level (5 arcmin, approximately 10 × 10 km2) ...

 

Consequences of climate change damages for economic growth

  
OECD Economics Department Working Papers, Vol. 2014, No. 1135. (2014)

Abstract

This report focuses on the effects of climate change impacts on economic growth. Simulations with the OECD’s dynamic global general equilibrium model ENV-Linkages assess the consequences of a selected number of climate change impacts in the various world regions at the macroeconomic and sectoral level. This is complemented with an assessment of very long-run implications, using the AD-RICE model. The analysis finds that the effect of climate change impacts on annual global GDP is projected to increase over time, leading to ...

References

  1. Agrawala, S. and S. Fankhauser (2008), “Economic Aspects of Adaptation to Climate Change”, OECD Publishing.
  2. Agrawala, S., F. Bosello, C. Carraro, E. De Cian, E. Lanzi, K.C. De Bruin and R.B. Dellink (2011), “Plan or React? Analysis of adaptation costs and benefits using Integrated Assessment Models”, Climate Change Economics, Vol. 2(3), pp. 175-208.
  3. Berrittella, M., Bigano, A., Roson, R. and R.S.J. Tol (2006), “A general equilibrium analysis of climate change
 

Global forest resources assessment 2010: Main report

  
(2010)

Abstract

The Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010 (FRA 2010) is the most comprehensive assessment of the world’s forests ever. It covers 233 countries and areas for the period 1990 to 2010. This publication, the main report of FRA 2010, contains country data, contributed by national correspondents and reviewed and collated by FAO, for more than 90 key variables related to the extent, condition, uses and values of forests. Seven core chapters evaluate the status and trends for key aspects of sustainable forest ...

 

Computer support for environmental impact assessment: proceedings of the IFIP TC5/WG5.11 Working Conference on Computer Support for Environmental Impact Assessment, CSEIA 93, Como, Italy, 6-8 October, 1993

  
(1994)

Abstract

Any choice with a significant impact on the environment should, in principle, be the outcome of a political process reflecting the social preferences of everyone involved. Unfortunately, this ideal procedure requires a level of time and money that does not justify its application for planning each specific intervention. Different methods, mainly derived from traditional investment analyses, have been proposed for providing a rational basis for environmental decisions that cannot be analysed through a public debate. These methods have proved inadequate, however, ...

 

Integrated assessment models for ecologists: the present and the future

  
Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 23, No. 2. (February 2014), pp. 124-143, https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12100

Abstract

[Aim] Human impacts on the biosphere are a matter of urgent and growing concern, with ecologists increasingly being asked to project biodiversity futures. The Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is likely to comprehensively assess such projections, yet despite being widely used and potentially critical tools for analysing socio-environmental futures, integrated assessment models (IAMs) have received little attention from ecological modellers. We aim to raise awareness and understanding of IAMs among ecologists by describing the structure and composition of ...

 

Assessment of the adequacy of mathematical models

  
Agricultural Systems, Vol. 89, No. 2-3. (September 2006), pp. 225-247, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2005.11.004

Abstract

Models are mathematical representations of mechanisms that govern natural phenomena that are not fully recognized, controlled, or understood. They have become indispensable tools via decision support systems for policy makers and researchers to provide ways to express the scientific knowledge. Model usefulness has to be assessed through its sustainability for a particular purpose. Adequate statistical analysis is an indispensable step during development, evaluation, and revision phases of a model. Therefore, in this paper we discussed and compared several techniques to evaluate ...

 

Characterised and Projected Costs of Nonindigenous Species in Canada

  
Biological Invasions In Biological Invasions, Vol. 8, No. 1. (January 2006), pp. 45-59, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-005-0236-y

Abstract

Biological invasions by nonindigenous species (NIS) can have adverse effects on economically important goods and services, and sometimes result in an ‘invisible tax’ on natural resources (e.g. reduced yield). The combined economic costs of NIS may be significant, with implications for environmental policy and resource management; yet economic impact assessments are rare at a national scale. Impacts of nuisance NIS may be direct (e.g. loss of hardwood trees) or indirect (e.g. alteration of ecosystem services provided by growing hardwoods). Moreover, costs ...

 

Integrating tipping points into climate impact assessments

  
Climatic Change In Climatic Change, Vol. 117, No. 3. (29 August 2013), pp. 585-597, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-012-0572-8

Abstract

There is currently a huge gulf between natural scientists’ understanding of climate tipping points and economists’ representations of climate catastrophes in integrated assessment models (IAMs). In particular, there are multiple potential tipping points and they are not all low-probability events; at least one has a significant probability of being passed this century under mid-range (2–4 °C) global warming, and they cannot all be ruled out at low (<2 °C) warming. In contrast, the dominant framing of climate catastrophes in IAMs, and in critiques ...

 

High-performance computing tools for the integrated assessment and modelling of social–ecological systems

  
Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 39 (January 2013), pp. 295-303, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2012.02.006

Abstract

[Abstract] Integrated spatio-temporal assessment and modelling of complex social–ecological systems is required to address global environmental challenges. However, the computational demands of this modelling are unlikely to be met by traditional Geographic Information System (GIS) tools anytime soon. I evaluated the potential of a range of high-performance computing (HPC) hardware and software tools to overcome these computational barriers. Performance advantages were quantified using a synthetic model. Four tests were compared, using: a) an Arc Macro Language (AML) GIS script on a ...

 

Evaluating the utility of dynamical downscaling in agricultural impacts projections

  
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, No. 24. (17 June 2014), pp. 8776-8781, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1314787111

Abstract

Interest in estimating the potential socioeconomic costs of climate change has led to the increasing use of dynamical downscaling—nested modeling in which regional climate models (RCMs) are driven with general circulation model (GCM) output—to produce fine-spatial-scale climate projections for impacts assessments. We evaluate here whether this computationally intensive approach significantly alters projections of agricultural yield, one of the greatest concerns under climate change. Our results suggest that it does not. We simulate US maize yields under current and future CO2 concentrations ...

 

Major flood disasters in Europe: 1950–2005

  
Natural Hazards In Natural Hazards, Vol. 42, No. 1. (July 2007), pp. 125-148, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-006-9065-2

Abstract

There is a need for comprehensive, standardised and georeferenced information on floods for political and economic decision-making. Relevant, accurate and up-to-date data is an important aspect for resource distribution, mitigation programmes, disaster monitoring and assessment. Despite this, there is a lack of spatial and thematic accurate global data for floods. In Europe, historic data on flood losses and casualties are neither comprehensive nor standardised, thus making long-term analyses at continental level difficult. In this article, we present a map and catalogue ...

 

No upward trend in normalised windstorm losses in Europe: 1970–2008

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 10, No. 1. (15 January 2010), pp. 97-104, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-10-97-2010
Keywords: assessment   disasters   europe   windstorm  

Abstract

On 18 January 2007, windstorm Kyrill battered Europe with hurricane-force winds killing 47 people and causing 10 billion US$ in damage. Kyrill poses several questions: is Kyrill an isolated or exceptional case? Have there been events costing as much in the past? This paper attempts to put Kyrill into an historical context by examining large historical windstorm event losses in Europe for the period 1970–2008 across 29 European countries. It asks the question what economic losses would these historical events cause ...

 

Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services - An analytical framework for ecosystem assessments under action 5 of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020

  

Abstract

Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 calls Member States to map and assess the state of ecosystems and their services in their national territory with the assistance of the European Commission. The objective of this discussion paper is to support the development of a coherent analytical framework to be applied by the EU and its Member States in order to ensure consistent approaches are used. In line with the Millennium Ecosystem assessment, the objective of the EU assessment ...

References

  1. European Commission (2011). Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020. COM(2011) 244. Brussels
  2. Sukhdev, P. (2011). Putting a Price on Nature: The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity. Solutions 1(6):34-43.
  3. Maes, J., Paracchini, M.P., Zulian, G., Alkemade, R. (2012). Synergies and trade-offs between ecosystem service supply, biodiversity and habitat conservation status in Europe. Biological Conservation 155:1-12.
  4. Haines-Young, R., Potschin, M., Kienast, F. (2012). Indicators
 

Global evaluation of biofuel potential from microalgae

  
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, No. 23. (10 June 2014), pp. 8691-8696, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1321652111

Abstract

[Significance] Research into microalgae as a feedstock for biofuels continues to increase because of the inherent potential advantages it holds over traditional terrestrial feedstocks. However, the true near-term large-scale productivity of microalgae remains uncertain. This study integrates a large-scale, outdoor growth model with historical meteorological data from 4,388 global locations to estimate the current near-term lipid and biomass productivity potential from microalgae cultivated in a photobioreactor architecture. Results show that previous life cycle, technoeconomic, and resource assessments dramatically overestimated lipid yields. ...

 

Matching and mechanisms in protected area and poverty alleviation research

  
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, No. 11. (18 March 2014), pp. 3909-3910, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1401327111

Abstract

[excerpt] Excitement among social scientists about the discovery of randomized controlled trials has been tempered by the recognition that experimental research and related designs may be infeasible, prohibitively expensive, or even unsuitable for an enormous range of questions of interest to social science and policy (1⇓–3). Recourse to matching-based statistical approaches can enable more transparent causal inference with observational data. The recent upsurge in environmental science writings that use matching techniques borrows from a long and continuing history of such use ...

 

Quantifying causal mechanisms to determine how protected areas affect poverty through changes in ecosystem services and infrastructure

  
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, No. 11. (18 March 2014), pp. 4332-4337, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1307712111

Abstract

[Significance] Scholars are accumulating evidence about the effects of environmental programs on social outcomes. Quantifying these effects is important, but to design better programs we need to understand how these effects arise. Little is known about the mechanisms through which ecosystem conservation programs affect human welfare. Our study demonstrates that, with existing data and appropriate empirical designs, scientists and policymakers can elucidate these previously unidentified mechanisms. We estimate how Costa Rica’s protected area system reduced poverty in neighboring communities. Nearly two-thirds ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 3

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: apennines   aphid   aphis-pomi   apl   apmv-transmission   approximate-dynamic-programming   apriona-germari   aqua-modis   aquatic-invertebrate-shredders   aradus-cinnamommeus   araucaria-angustifolia   araucaria-araucana   araucaria-bidwillii   araucaria-heterophylla   araucaria-montana   araucaria-spp   arboriculture   arbutus-canariensis   arbutus-menziesii   arbutus-spp   arbutus-unedo   arctic-region   arctostaphylos-uva-ursi   ardity   argania-spinosa   argentina   argive-plain   arid-climate   arid-region   aridity   arion-lusitanicus   aristolochia-arborea   armillaria-spp   array-atomic-variables   array-of-agents   array-of-factors   array-of-sectors   array-of-users   array-programming   arsenic   arthropods   artic-region   artic-sea-ice   artificial-intelligence   artificial-neural-network   artificial-neural-networks   artocarpus-altilis   artocarpus-heterophyllus   arvicola-spp   arxiv   asia   aspidosperma-cruentum   aspidosperma-myristicifolium   asplenium-spp   assessment   associated-microorganisms   association-genetics   associations   asteraceae   asynchronous-change   atmosphere   atmospheric-circulation   atriplex-halimus   atriplex-nummularia   atta-cephalotes   auc   australia   austria   austrocedrus-chilensis   authorship   autoecology   automatic-knowledge-generation   automatic-knowledge-mapping   automation   automation-irony   autonomic-computing   autoregressive-model   avicennia-germinans   avifauna   awk   azadirachta-indica   azerbaijan   azolla-spp   bacillus-thuringiensis   back-propagation-networks   bacteria   bacterial-canker   bacterial-diseases   bacterial-wood-degradation   bactris-gasipaes   bactrocera-invadens   bactrocera-oleae   baikiaea-plurijuga   balanites-aegyptiaca   balkan-peninsula   balkan-region   balkans   bangladesh   banksia-grandis   inrmm-list-of-tags  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

Identifying strengths and limitations of pan-European forest cover maps through spatial comparison

  
International Journal of Geographical Information Science, Vol. 25, No. 11. (21 October 2011), pp. 1865-1884, https://doi.org/10.1080/13658816.2011.562211

Abstract

Detailed and harmonized information on spatial forest distribution is an essential input for forest-related environmental assessments, in particular, for biomass and growing stock modeling. In the last years, several mapping approaches have been developed in order to provide such information for Europe in a harmonized way. Each of these maps exhibits particular properties and varies in accuracy. Yet, they are often used in parallel for different modeling purposes. A detailed spatial comparison seemed necessary in order to provide information on the ...

 

Practical Implications of Design-Based Sampling Inference for Thematic Map Accuracy Assessment

  
Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 72, No. 1. (April 2000), pp. 35-45, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0034-4257(99)00090-5

Abstract

Sampling inference is the process of generalizing from sample data to make statements or draw conclusions about a population. Design-based inference is the inferential framework commonly invoked when sampling techniques are used in thematic map accuracy assessment. The conceptual basis of design-based inference is described, followed by discussion of practical implications of design-based inference, including (1) the population to which the inferences apply, (2) estimation formulas and their justification, (3) interpretation of accuracy measures, (4) representation of variability, (5) effect of ...

 

Multimodel assessment of water scarcity under climate change

  
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, No. 9. (04 March 2014), pp. 3245-3250, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1222460110

Abstract

Water scarcity severely impairs food security and economic prosperity in many countries today. Expected future population changes will, in many countries as well as globally, increase the pressure on available water resources. On the supply side, renewable water resources will be affected by projected changes in precipitation patterns, temperature, and other climate variables. Here we use a large ensemble of global hydrological models (GHMs) forced by five global climate models and the latest greenhouse-gas concentration scenarios (Representative Concentration Pathways) to synthesize ...

 

Water risk as world warms

  
Nature, Vol. 505, No. 7481. (2 January 2014), pp. 10-11, https://doi.org/10.1038/505010a

Abstract

First comprehensive global-impact project shows that water scarcity is a major worry. ...

 

Review by quality not quantity for better policy

  
Nature, Vol. 503, No. 7475. (13 November 2013), pp. 167-167, https://doi.org/10.1038/503167a

Abstract

Global assessments need to adopt more rigorous and focused processes for collation and review, says William J. Sutherland. ...

 

Expert Failure: Re-evaluating Research Assessment

  
PLoS Biol, Vol. 11, No. 10. (8 October 2013), e1001677, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001677

Abstract

It is unlikely that there is any single objective measure of merit, so research assessment therefore requires new multivariate metrics that reflect the context of research, regardless of discipline. ...

 

The final assessment

  
Nature, Vol. 501, No. 7467. (18 September 2013), pp. 281-281, https://doi.org/10.1038/501281a

Abstract

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has provided invaluable evidence for policy-makers, but giant reports should give way to nimbler, more relevant research. ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/assessment

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.