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Selection: with tag alien-species [21 articles] 


Post-fire spread of alien plant species in a mixed broad-leaved forest of the Insubric region

Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, Vol. 207, No. 1. (January 2012), pp. 19-29,


How do tree species regenerate and which ecological conditions are required after forest fire in the Insubric region of the Alps? Are indigenous stand-forming tree species resistant over the invasion of alien plant species after such a disturbance? We addressed these questions in a case study in the Swiss canton of Ticino. In April 2006, a surface fire with severe intensity burnt a forest area of 55 ha on a south-facing slope (400–800 m.a.s.l.). The dominant trees in the investigated area ...


Citizen science application - Invasive Alien Species in Europe



The JRC, within the framework of MYGEOSS initiative devoted to citizen science, has developed an application for Apple and Android smartphone devices called “Invasive Alien Species Europe”, which allows users to report the presence of the 37 species currently listed as Invasive Alien Species (IAS) of Union concern (EU Regulation 1143/2014) on the European territory. User friendly factsheets and pictures guide the user towards the species likely to have been observed. Once validated, data will be fed into the European Alien ...


No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide

Nature Communications, Vol. 8 (15 February 2017), 14435,


Although research on human-mediated exchanges of species has substantially intensified during the last centuries, we know surprisingly little about temporal dynamics of alien species accumulations across regions and taxa. Using a novel database of 45,813 first records of 16,926 established alien species, we show that the annual rate of first records worldwide has increased during the last 200 years, with 37% of all first records reported most recently (1970–2014). Inter-continental and inter-taxonomic variation can be largely attributed to the diaspora of ...


European map of alien plant invasions based on the quantitative assessment across habitats

Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 15, No. 1. (January 2009), pp. 98-107,


[Aim] Recent studies using vegetation plots have demonstrated that habitat type is a good predictor of the level of plant invasion, expressed as the proportion of alien to all species. At local scale, habitat types explain the level of invasion much better than alien propagule pressure. Moreover, it has been shown that patterns of habitat invasion are consistent among European regions with contrasting climates, biogeography, history and socioeconomic background. Here we use these findings as a basis for mapping the ...


Species Accounts of 100 of the Most Invasive Alien Species in Europe

In Handbook of Alien Species in Europe, Vol. 3 (2009), pp. 269-374,
edited by DAISIE

Alien species in Norway - with the Norwegian Black List 2012



Alien species in Norway — with the Norwegian Black List 2012 thus focuses exclusively on assessments of ecological impact, and does not consider other negative consequences that may result from non-native invasive species. Tables provide an overview of the 2320 alien species that are found in Norway. Our mandate also directs us to limit our ecological risk assessment to species non-native to Norway. ...


Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) - an invasive neophyte in the conventional land reclamation flora in Romania

Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov Series II: Forestry, Wood Industry, Agricultural Food Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 2. (2013), pp. 23-30


The aim of this review was to contrast the multiple uses of black locust (Robinia pseudacacia L.) with the risks associated with its invasive behaviour. Data regarding the chorology, ecological requirements and biological characteristics were also presented. Special attention was given to the role of black locust in land reclamation in Romania. The importance of this species is expected to increase in the future due to its high ecological amplitude and biological characteristics that make ...


Biologische Invasionen: Neophyten und Neozoen in Mitteleuropa



Bedrohung oder Bereicherung? - Biologische Invasionen weltweit - NEU: Ausführliches Neozoen-Kapitel - Rechtliche Grundlagen - Vorbeugung und Bekämpfung Die Ausbreitung von Pflanzen und Tieren außerhalb ihrer natürlichen Herkunftsgebiete ist ein brisantes Naturschutzthema. Biologische Invasionen gelten weltweit als wesentlicher Gefährdungsfaktor der Biodiversität und verursachen Kosten in Milliardenhöhe. Das vorliegende Werk stellt dieses Phänomen umfassend dar und gibt einen aktuellen Überblick über Ursachen und Folgen der Ausbreitung neuer Arten in Mitteleuropa. Risiken und Chancen, offene Fragen und Handlungsperspektiven werden differenziert und anwendungsbezogen dargestellt. ...


Current trends in management practices for European larch in North America

The Forestry Chronicle, Vol. 78, No. 6. (December 2002), pp. 822-829,


European larch (Larix decidua Miller) was introduced to North America in the mid-19th century. Its rapid growth led to its use as a reforestation species in northeastern North America during the early part of the 20th century. Proper site selection and vegetation management are crucial to the successful establishment and productivity of this species. On comparable sites, yields of European larch commonly exceed those of native species. Management practices and applied research for this species in North America include the refinement ...


Alien Vascular Plants of Europe

In Handbook of Alien Species in Europe, Vol. 3 (2009), pp. 43-61,
edited by DAISIE


In terms of invasion biology, vascular plants are the most intensively researched taxonomic group; at least 395 plant invaders have been addressed in detailed case studies globally, accounting for 44% of all invasive taxa studied; after North America, Europe is the continent enjoying the most intensive study with at least 80 invasive plant species having been addressed (Pyŝek et al. 2008). However, although there is a considerable body of information on major plant invaders in Europe (see also Weber 2003), the ...


Identifying and managing the ecological risks of using introduced tree species in Sweden’s production forestry

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 307 (November 2013), pp. 165-177,


Introduced tree species are increasingly being considered for use in production forestry due to production targets, and demand for a diversity of wood products. However, prior to expanding their use, active consideration needs to be given to the breadth of potential ecological consequences associated with each introduced tree species. Ecological consequences include the invasion and modification of sensitive ecosystems, changes in habitat provision for native taxa, altered risk of pest and pathogen outbreaks, and hybridization with native con-generics. Here we review ...


Ecological effects of introduced tree species in Britain

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 141, No. 1-2. (February 2001), pp. 31-42,


Non-native trees have been introduced to Britain and native trees have been redistributed for over 2000 years, but most species were introduced in the last 400 years, and the ecological consequences have not yet been fully manifested. Introduction has been followed by various forms of adaptation to British conditions: (i) genetic changes in the trees themselves, (ii) assimilation into forest communities, (iii) colonisation by native plants, animals and fungi and (iv) gradual cultural acceptance. Nevertheless, some naturalised shrubs are widely regarded ...


Establishment constraints of an alien and a native conifer in different habitats

Biological Invasions In Biological Invasions, Vol. 14, No. 6. (11 December 2012), pp. 1279-1289,


Alien plants are subjected to different biotic and environmental barriers that limit their establishment success in the introduced range. Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas fir), a native conifer from Northwest America, is considered one of the most invasive forestry conifers in Europe. However, little is known about the ecological filters that constrain plant establishment at early life-cycle stages and differences in habitat invasibility to this species. We conducted field experiments to compare the establishment potential (i.e. post-dispersal seed removal, seed germination, seedling survival ...


Historical ecology of alien woody plants in the vicinity of Cape Town, South Africa



The reasons for the success of certain alien plant species in the vicinity of Cape Town (i.e. the northern Cape Peninsula and the adjoining Cape Flats) are examined by a consideration of their history at the hands of man. Attention is focussed on 13 woody species that are considered to threaten the natural macchia-type vegetation (fynbos) of the region. They comprise Acacia (6 spp.), Albizia lophantha, Hakea (3 spp.) and Leptosperanum laevigatum, all from Australia, and Pinus (2 spp.) from the ...


From introduction to the establishment of alien species: bioclimatic differences between presence and reproduction localities in the slider turtle

Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 15, No. 1. (January 2009), pp. 108-116,


[Aim]  Understanding the factors determining the transition from introduction of aliens to the establishment of invasive populations is a critical issue of the study of biological invasions, and has key implications for management. Differences in fitness among areas of introduction can define the zones where aliens become invasive. The American slider turtle Trachemys scripta has been introduced worldwide, and has negative effects on freshwater communities, but only a subset of introduced populations breed successfully. We used species distribution models to assess ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 2

(February 2014)
Keywords: agroecosystems   agroforestry   ailanthone   ailanthus-altissima   ailanthus-glandulosa   ailanthus-spp   air-pollution   air-quality   alaska   albania   albedo   albizia-guachapele   albizia-julibrissin   albizia-lebbek   alcoholic-beverage   alder-decline   aleurites-fordii   aleurites-moluccana   algarve   algebra   algorithm-engineering   algorithm-errors   algorithmics   algorithms   alien-species   allelochemicals   allelopathy   allergen   allergy   allozymes   alnus-cordata   alnus-cremastogyne   alnus-crispa   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-hirsuta   alnus-incana   alnus-nepalensis   alnus-rhombifolia   alnus-rubra   alnus-spp   alnus-viridis   aloe-dichotoma   alpine-environment   alpine-region   alsophila-pometaria   altica-populi   altitudinal-gradient   aluminium   amaranthus-spp   amazonia   ambiguity   amblypelta-cocophaga   ambrosiella-spp   amelanchier-laevis   amelanchier-ovalis   amelanchier-spp   amelancier-ovalis   amorpha-fruticosa   amsterdam   anacardium-occidentale   anaerea-calcarata   anaerea-carcharias   analogic-thinking   analysis   ancient-forest   ancient-forest-plant-species   ande-region   andira-inermis   animal   animal-feed   anisogramma-anomala   anisotrpy   annona-cherimola   annual-precipitation   anomaly-detection   anoplophora-glabripennis   anoplophora-horsfieldi   anoxia   ansi   ant-colony-optimization   antarctic-region   antarctic-sea-ice   anthropic-feedback   anthropocene   anthropogenic-changes   anthropogenic-impacts   anthropogenic-unsustainable-species-distribution   anti-inflammatory   anti-nociceptive   antiaris-toxicaria   antifeedant-activity   antifungal-compounds   antifungal-properties   antimycobacterial-terpenoids   antioxidative-potential   antipattern   apache2-0   inrmm-list-of-tags  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Climate change might drive the invasive tree Robinia pseudacacia into nature reserves and endangered habitats

Biological Conservation, Vol. 143, No. 2. (01 February 2010), pp. 382-390,


Static networks of nature reserves disregard the dynamics of species ranges in changing environments. In fact, climate warming has been shown to potentially drive endangered species out of reserves. Less attention has been paid to the related problem that a warmer climate may also foster the invasion of alien species into reserve networks. Here, we use niche-based predictive modelling to assess to which extent the Austrian Natura 2000 network and a number of habitat types of conservation value outside this network ...


Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines

Science, Vol. 328, No. 5982. (28 May 2010), pp. 1164-1168,


In 2002, world leaders committed, through the Convention on Biological Diversity, to achieve a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. We compiled 31 indicators to report on progress toward this target. Most indicators of the state of biodiversity (covering species’ population trends, extinction risk, habitat extent and condition, and community composition) showed declines, with no significant recent reductions in rate, whereas indicators of pressures on biodiversity (including resource consumption, invasive alien species, nitrogen pollution, overexploitation, and climate ...


Waterways as invasion highways – Impact of climate change and globalization biological invasions

In Biological Invasions, Vol. 193 (2007), pp. 59-74,


The earliest civilizations flourished on the banks of navigable rivers. Indeed, their first monumental hydrological construction projects were concerned with irrigation and transport: around 2200 b.c., the first navigable canal, the Shatt-el-hai, linking the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Mesopotamia, was excavated; in the 6th century b.c., a canal was built which joined the Nile with the northern Red Sea and, in the 4th century b.c., the Grand Canal in China connected Peking to Hangzhou, a distance of almost 1,000 km.The ...


Garden plants get a head start on climate change

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 6, No. 4. (May 2008), pp. 212-216,


Conservation biologists are concerned that climate change will cause widespread extinctions because limited capacity for migration could compromise species’ ability to adjust to geographic shifts in habitat condition. However, commercial plant nurseries may provide a head start for northward range shifts among some plant species. To investigate this possibility, we compared the natural ranges of 357 native European plant species with their commercial ranges, based on 246 plant nurseries throughout Europe. In 73% of native species, commercial northern range limits exceeded ...


Alien species in a warmer world: risks and opportunities

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 24, No. 12. (25 December 2009), pp. 686-693,


Climate change and biological invasions are key processes affecting global biodiversity, yet their effects have usually been considered separately. Here, we emphasise that global warming has enabled alien species to expand into regions in which they previously could not survive and reproduce. Based on a review of climate-mediated biological invasions of plants, invertebrates, fishes and birds, we discuss the ways in which climate change influences biological invasions. We emphasise the role of alien species in a more dynamic context of shifting ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

Publication metadata

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.