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Selection: with tag agricultural-abandonment [15 articles] 

 

Forest fires are changing: let’s change the fire management strategy

  
Forest@ - Rivista di Selvicoltura ed Ecologia Forestale, Vol. 14, No. 4. (31 August 2017), pp. 202-205, https://doi.org/10.3832/efor2537-014

Abstract

Forest fires in Italy are changing. More frequent heatwaves and drought increase the flammability of the vegetation; the abandonment of rural land produces 30.000 ha of newly afforested areas each year; and the wildland-urban interface is expanding with the sprawl of urbanized areas. However, forest fires are rarely understood and managed in their complexity. The public opinion is often misinformed on the causes and consequences of fires in the forest. Moreover, fire management relies almost exclusively on extinction and emergency response, ...

 

A review of the combination among global change factors in forests, shrublands and pastures of the Mediterranean Region: beyond drought effects

  
Global and Planetary Change, Vol. 148 (January 2017), pp. 42-54, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.11.012

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Different global change factors combine causing unprecedented ecological effects. [::] Much more complex interactions arise when combinations occur together. [::] Drought should be considered when designing and applying management policies. [::] Conserving Mediterranean terrestrial ecosystems is a collective effort. [Abstract] Climate change, alteration of atmospheric composition, land abandonment in some areas and land use intensification in others, wildfires and biological invasions threaten forests, shrublands and pastures all over the world. However, the impacts of the combinations between global change factors are not well understood despite ...

 

Forest landscape change and biodiversity conservation

  
In Forest Landscapes and Global Change (2014), pp. 167-198, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0953-7_7

Abstract

Forest landscapes are changing at unprecedented rates in many regions of the world. This may have profound consequences for the diversity and resilience of forest ecosystems and may impose considerable challenges for their management. In this chapter, we review the different types of change that can occur in a forest landscape, including modifications in forest habitat amount, quality, fragmentation, connectivity, and heterogeneity. We describe the conceptual differences and potential interactions among these changes and provide a summary of the possible responses ...

 

Habitat destruction: death by a thousand cuts

  
In Conservation Biology for All (01 January 2010), pp. 73-87, https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0005

Abstract

[Excerpt] Humankind has dramatically transformed much of the Earth’s surface and its natural ecosystems. This process is not new—it has been ongoing for millennia—but it has accelerated sharply over the last two centuries, and especially in the last several decades. [\n] Today, the loss and degradation of natural habitats can be likened to a war of attrition. Many natural ecosystems are being progressively razed, bulldozed, and felled by axes or chainsaws, until only small scraps of their original extent survive. Forests have been hit especially hard: the global area of forests has been reduced ...

 

Restoration prospects of abandoned species-rich sandy grassland in Hungary

  
Applied Vegetation Science, Vol. 6, No. 2. (December 2003), pp. 169-178, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-109x.2003.tb00577.x
 

Predicting soil erosion with RUSLE in Mediterranean agricultural systems at catchment scale

  
Soil Science, Vol. 174, No. 5. (May 2009), pp. 272-282, https://doi.org/10.1097/ss.0b013e3181a4bf50

Abstract

Accurate assessment of soil loss is essential for sustainable agricultural production, management, and conservation planning, especially in productive rain-fed agroecosystems and protected areas. The European Union considers soil as a nonrenewable resource and identifies that soil degradation has strong impacts on soil and water resources. In this work, the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation model was applied within a geographic information system in the Estaña catchment (Spanish pre-Pyrenees) as representative of a Mediterranean agroecosystem to elaborate a map of soil erosion ...

 

Erosion in Mediterranean landscapes: changes and future challenges

  
Geomorphology, Vol. 198 (September 2013), pp. 20-36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.05.023

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Recent land uses contribute to soil erosion in marginal lands. [::] Long history of human activity explains many landscape characteristics. [::] Intensification and extensification/wealth and poverty increase spatial complexity. [Abstract] Intense erosion processes are widespread in the Mediterranean region, and include sheet wash erosion, rilling, gullying, shallow landsliding, and the development of large and active badlands in both subhumid and semi-arid areas. This review analyses the main environmental and human features related to soil erosion processes, and the main factors that explain the extreme ...

 

Long-Term Forest Dynamics and Land-Use Abandonment in the Mediterranean Mountains, Corsica, France

  
Ecology and Society, Vol. 18, No. 2. (2013), https://doi.org/10.5751/es-05556-180238

Abstract

Human practices have had an impact on Mediterranean ecosystems for millennia, particularly through agricultural and pastoral activities. Since the mid-19th century, land-use abandonment has led to the expansion of shrubland and forest, especially in the mountainous areas of the northern Mediterranean basin. Knowledge of these factors is vital to understanding present forest patterns and predicting future forest dynamics in the Mediterranean mountains. We aimed to analyze and understand how land-use abandonment affected spatial modifications of landscapes in two study areas, 44,000 ...

 

Response of bat species to sylvo-pastoral abandonment

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 261, No. 3. (01 February 2011), pp. 789-798, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2010.12.010

Abstract

We assessed the effect of abandonment of sylvo-pastoral practices in chestnut orchards (Castanea sativa) on bats in southern Switzerland to determine practical recommendations for bat conservation. We compared bat species richness and foraging activities between traditionally managed and unmanaged chestnut orchards, testing the hypothesis that managed orchards provide better foraging opportunities and harbour more bat species. Echolocation calls of foraging bats were sampled simultaneously at paired sites of managed and unmanaged orchards using custom made recorders. Vegetation structure and aerial insect ...

 

Drought Sensitivity of Castanea sativa: Case Study of Summer 2003 in the Southern Alps

  
Acta Horticulturae, Vol. 866 (2003), pp. 297-302

Abstract

The post-cultural dynamics of abandoned chestnut stands and diseases, such as chestnut blight and ink-disease, have been recognized as major drivers of the natural withdrawal of the chestnut tree. Climate warming causing drought might interact with these dynamics and accelerate the disappearing of the chestnut tree from former cultivated sites. The summer of 2003 was by far the hottest on record in Switzerland. Several chestnut stands were damaged by a combination of the heat and a significant precipitation shortfall in the ...

 

Different post-culture dynamics in abandoned chestnut orchards

  
Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, Vol. 76, No. 3. (2001), pp. 487-492

Abstract

Humans spread the sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Miller) in Europe, thereby masking the original range of the species. They cultivated it as a monoculture in mainly two management regimes: coppice and orchard. In the absence of management the chestnut stands tend to be invaded by other tree species, giving way to post-cultural evolutionary dynamics. Comparison of aerial photographs from 1959/60 and 1995 indicates a clear general trend toward mixed and shaded forests and the existence of different evolutionary patterns of orchard ...

 

Colonization of Abandoned Land by Juniperus thurifera Is Mediated by the Interaction of a Diverse Dispersal Assemblage and Environmental Heterogeneity

  
PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, No. 10. (October 2012), e46993, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046993

Abstract

Land abandonment is one of the most powerful global change drivers in developed countries where recent rural exodus has been the norm. Abandonment of traditional land use practices has permitted the colonization of these areas by shrub and tree species. For fleshy fruited species the colonization of new areas is determined by the dispersal assemblage composition and abundance. In this study we showed how the relative contribution to the dispersal process by each animal species is modulated by the environmental heterogeneity ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 1

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: 10th-percentile-training-presence   80-20-principle   abies-alba   abies-balsamea   abies-borisii-regis   abies-bornmulleriana   abies-cephalonica   abies-cilicica   abies-concolor   abies-equi-trojani   abies-firma   abies-grandis   abies-holophylla   abies-lasiocarpa   abies-magnifica   abies-marocana   abies-nebrodensis   abies-nephrolepis   abies-nordmanniana   abies-numidica   abies-pinsapo   abies-procera   abies-sachalinensis   abies-sibirica   abies-spp   abiotic-factors   above-ground-biomass   abrupt-changes   acacia-auriculiformis   acacia-dealbata   acacia-erioloba   acacia-farnesiana   acacia-koa   acacia-saligna   acacia-seyal   acacia-spp   acacia-tortilis   acacia-xanthophloea   acalitus-rudis   accessibility   accuracy   accuracy-vs-precision   acer-campestre   acer-circinatum   acer-heldreichii   acer-lobelii   acer-macrophyllum   acer-mono   acer-monspessulanum   acer-negundo   acer-opalus   acer-peronai   acer-platanoides   acer-pseudoplatanous   acer-pseudoplatanus   acer-pseudosieboldianum   acer-rubrum   acer-saccharum   acer-sempervirens   acer-spp   acer-tataricum   aceraceous   aceria-parapopuli   acid-deposition   acm   acorns   acrocomia-aculeata   acute-oak-decline   adansonia-digitata   adaptation   adaptive-control   adaptive-response   adda-lake   adenium-obesum   adonidia-merrillii   adventitious-root   aerosol   aesculus-californica   aesculus-hippocastanum   aesculus-spp   aesthetic-value   afforestation   africa   agave-spp   age   age-distribution   aggregated-indices   agile-programming   agricultural-abandonment   agricultural-land   agricultural-policy   agricultural-resources   agriculture   agrilus-anxius   agrilus-biguttatus   agrilus-pannonicus   agrilus-planipennis   agrilus-spp   agrochemistry   inrmm-list-of-tags  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

Patterns of Land-use Abandonment Control Tree-recruitment and Forest Dynamics in Mediterranean Mountains

  
Ecosystems In Ecosystems, Vol. 10, No. 6. (1 September 2007), pp. 936-948, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-007-9065-4

Abstract

Mediterranean ecosystems have been impacted for millennia by human practices, particularly agricultural and pastoral activities. Since the middle of the nineteenth century, land-use abandonment has lead to scrubland and forest expansion, especially in mountain areas of the northern Mediterranean basin. This study aimed at analyzing how grazing history affects subsequent forest dynamics at a site located in the limestone foothills of the Southern Alps (France). The approach combines archival documents and dendroecology to investigate the origin, establishment and development of forest ...

 

Modelling the impact of agricultural abandonment and wildfires on vertebrate diversity in Mediterranean Europe

  
In Landscape Ecology, Vol. 22, No. 10. (2007), pp. 1461-1476, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-007-9125-3

Abstract

Agricultural land abandonment, widespread in the Mediterranean, is leading to a recovery of scrubland and forests which are replacing open habitats and increasing wildfire events. Using published data, we modelled the global and regional impact of abandonment and wildfires on 554 species of terrestrial vertebrates occurring in Mediterranean Europe. For all groups except amphibians, open habitats or farmland sustained higher species richness. Open habitats showed regional differences in their conservation value, western areas being particularly important for birds and amphibians and ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/agricultural-abandonment

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
Search only within the INRMM-MiD publication records:
Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.