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Selection: with tag afforestation [18 articles] 

 

Forest fires are changing: let’s change the fire management strategy

  
Forest@ - Rivista di Selvicoltura ed Ecologia Forestale, Vol. 14, No. 4. (31 August 2017), pp. 202-205, https://doi.org/10.3832/efor2537-014

Abstract

Forest fires in Italy are changing. More frequent heatwaves and drought increase the flammability of the vegetation; the abandonment of rural land produces 30.000 ha of newly afforested areas each year; and the wildland-urban interface is expanding with the sprawl of urbanized areas. However, forest fires are rarely understood and managed in their complexity. The public opinion is often misinformed on the causes and consequences of fires in the forest. Moreover, fire management relies almost exclusively on extinction and emergency response, ...

 

Offset of the potential carbon sink from boreal forestation by decreases in surface albedo

  
Nature, Vol. 408, No. 6809. (9 November 2000), pp. 187-190, https://doi.org/10.1038/35041545

Abstract

Carbon uptake by forestation is one method proposed1 to reduce net carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere and so limit the radiative forcing of climate change2. But the overall impact of forestation on climate will also depend on other effects associated with the creation of new forests. In particular, the albedo of a forested landscape is generally lower than that of cultivated land, especially when snow is lying3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and decreasing albedo exerts a positive radiative ...

 

Working with four villages to end soil erosion in an entire river basin

  
(2015)

Abstract

[Excerpt] The entire catchment area of a river and its tributaries is a large, complex, interaction of ecosystems. In Albania, the Drini River basin is a Key Biodiversity Area that provides multiple services to the inhabitants of northern Albania. But currently rain is washing bare soil away into the river, and all of the beneficial ecosystem services along with it – like nutrients to provide crop fertility, water storage by forests, fresh water filtration and flood protection. [Soil erosion is a big problem ...

 

Status of desertification in the Mediterranean region

  
In Water Scarcity, Land Degradation and Desertification in the Mediterranean Region (2009), pp. 33-73, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2526-5_3

Abstract

Assessment of the status of Mediterranean desertification requires a robust and agreed upon definition of desertification, which is still lacking, partly due to the widespread use of “desertification” either interchangeably or in conjunction with “land degradation”. By definition desertification is a subset of land degradation confined to drylands, thus adding “land degradation” to “desertification” implies relevance of the UNCCD to land degradation in both drylands and non-drylands, globally and in the Mediterranean. Another interpretation for pairing “desertification” and “land degradation” is ...

 

Planted forests and water in perspective

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 251, No. 1-2. (October 2007), pp. 1-9, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.06.010

Abstract

Afforestation is increasingly considered as a land use activity that threatens water resources security. At the same time, it is advocated for a wide range of other water-related benefits. We review the contributions to this special issue and the wider literature, intended as a contribution towards a framework for predicting the impact on water resources and other water-related issues of afforestation in agricultural landscapes. Current evidence suggests that afforestation will typically reduce local average water yield as well as low flows. ...

 

Snow forces on forest plants due to creep and glide

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 257, No. 2. (January 2009), pp. 546-552, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.09.035

Abstract

Snow forces impede afforestation in the subalpine region; in particular juvenescent trees can be damaged by extraction from the ground. Such forces are mainly triggered by intense snow gliding which is a frequent phenomenon on slopes with a smooth ground surface. In this article we have investigated the effects of snow gliding processes on forest plants. The study area was situated on a south-facing slope (altitude 1900 m, inclination 30°) in the Stubai valley, Tyrol, Austria. The site is characterized by a ...

 

Natural afforestation and landscape changes in the Eastern Prealps of Italy

  
Revue de Géographie Alpine, Vol. 81, No. 3. (1993), pp. 95-102

Abstract

The paper describes the consequences of agricultural decline on the vegetation and landscapes of the Italian eastern Prealps (Friuli - Venezia Giulia). Since the beginning of the century, and in particular from the 1950s onwards, the area covered by forest has increased as agricultural land and abandoned meadows have given way to successions of secondary vegetation. The most common woodlands are formed of ash and sycamore, manna-larch and hop hornbeam, or durmast-oak and hop hornbeam. These vegetation formations are susceptible to ...

 

Erosion in Mediterranean landscapes: changes and future challenges

  
Geomorphology, Vol. 198 (September 2013), pp. 20-36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.05.023

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Recent land uses contribute to soil erosion in marginal lands. [::] Long history of human activity explains many landscape characteristics. [::] Intensification and extensification/wealth and poverty increase spatial complexity. [Abstract] Intense erosion processes are widespread in the Mediterranean region, and include sheet wash erosion, rilling, gullying, shallow landsliding, and the development of large and active badlands in both subhumid and semi-arid areas. This review analyses the main environmental and human features related to soil erosion processes, and the main factors that explain the extreme ...

 

Programme for the restoration of plant cover in the Kampinos National Park

  
Memorabilia Zoologica, Vol. 32 (1979), pp. 149-158

Abstract

A competent cooperation with natural processes of the recovery of plant com m unities is considered as a basis for the restoration of plant cover in the Kampinos Forest through the reforestation of arable lands and reconstruction of the species composition of already existing tree stands. The author describes 12 potential phytosociological units (associations and subassociations) recognized on the “Map of potential plant communities of the Kampinos Forest” being the m ain reference source in carrying out the programme for the ...

 

Ecological effects of introduced tree species in Britain

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 141, No. 1-2. (2001), pp. 31-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00487-4

Abstract

Non-native trees have been introduced to Britain and native trees have been redistributed for over 2000 years, but most species were introduced in the last 400 years, and the ecological consequences have not yet been fully manifested. Introduction has been followed by various forms of adaptation to British conditions: (i) genetic changes in the trees themselves, (ii) assimilation into forest communities, (iii) colonisation by native plants, animals and fungi and (iv) gradual cultural acceptance. Nevertheless, some naturalised shrubs are widely regarded ...

 

El Estudio del hábitat climático para la selección de especies la restauración de la vegetación

  
In Producción y manejo de semillas y plantas forestales, Vol. II (2013), pp. 615-730

Abstract

Segunda parte de una obra que pretende aunar los conocimientos disponibles en la actualidad sobre todos los aspectos ligados al manejo del material forestal de reproducción, a la producción de plantas y a su uso, para las especies forestales de mayor interés en la repoblación y restauración forestal en España. Es decir, buscan integrar la información generada por los tres actores que tradicionalmente se reconoce que participan en la producción y el uso de material vegetal necesario para la actividad repobladora ...

 

The decline of a Pinus nigra Arn. reforestation stand on a limestone substrate: the role of nutritional factors examined by means of foliar diagnosis

  
Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 55, No. 5. (1998), pp. 567-576, https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:19980504

Abstract

The Austrian black pine reforestation projects on Monte Morello, near the heavily populated metropolitan area of Florence (Italy), have been affected for many years now by a severe decline consisting of widespread crown yellowing. To investigate the causes of this decline foliar diagnosis methods were used to monitor the nutritional status of ten trees, sampling and analysing every year, between 1989 and 1992, the current year needles (c), needles from the previous year (c+ I) and from the year before that ...

 

Edge geometry influences patch-level habitat use by an edge specialist in south-eastern Australia

  
Landscape Ecology In Landscape Ecology, Vol. 23, No. 4. (2008), pp. 377-389, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-008-9196-9

Abstract

We investigated patterns in habitat use by the noisy miner (Manorina melanocephala) along farmland-woodland edges of large patches of remnant vegetation (>300 ha) in the highly fragmented box-ironbark woodlands and forests of central Victoria, Australia. Noisy miners exclude small birds from their territories, and are considered a significant threat to woodland bird communities in the study region. Seventeen different characteristics of edge habitat were recorded, together with the detection or non-detection of noisy miners along 129 500-m segments of patch edge. Habitat ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 1

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: 10th-percentile-training-presence   80-20-principle   abies-alba   abies-balsamea   abies-borisii-regis   abies-bornmulleriana   abies-cephalonica   abies-cilicica   abies-concolor   abies-equi-trojani   abies-firma   abies-grandis   abies-holophylla   abies-lasiocarpa   abies-magnifica   abies-marocana   abies-nebrodensis   abies-nephrolepis   abies-nordmanniana   abies-numidica   abies-pinsapo   abies-procera   abies-sachalinensis   abies-sibirica   abies-spp   abiotic-factors   above-ground-biomass   abrupt-changes   acacia-auriculiformis   acacia-dealbata   acacia-erioloba   acacia-farnesiana   acacia-koa   acacia-saligna   acacia-seyal   acacia-spp   acacia-tortilis   acacia-xanthophloea   acalitus-rudis   accessibility   accuracy   accuracy-vs-precision   acer-campestre   acer-circinatum   acer-heldreichii   acer-lobelii   acer-macrophyllum   acer-mono   acer-monspessulanum   acer-negundo   acer-opalus   acer-peronai   acer-platanoides   acer-pseudoplatanous   acer-pseudoplatanus   acer-pseudosieboldianum   acer-rubrum   acer-saccharum   acer-sempervirens   acer-spp   acer-tataricum   aceraceous   aceria-parapopuli   acid-deposition   acm   acorns   acrocomia-aculeata   acute-oak-decline   adansonia-digitata   adaptation   adaptive-control   adaptive-response   adda-lake   adenium-obesum   adonidia-merrillii   adventitious-root   aerosol   aesculus-californica   aesculus-hippocastanum   aesculus-spp   aesthetic-value   afforestation   africa   agave-spp   age   age-distribution   aggregated-indices   agile-programming   agricultural-abandonment   agricultural-land   agricultural-policy   agricultural-resources   agriculture   agrilus-anxius   agrilus-biguttatus   agrilus-pannonicus   agrilus-planipennis   agrilus-spp   agrochemistry   inrmm-list-of-tags  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

Afforestation in China cools local land surface temperature

  
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, No. 8. (25 February 2014), pp. 2915-2919, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1315126111

Abstract

[Significance] China has the largest afforested area in the world. Afforestation not only contributes to increased carbon storage but also alters local albedo and turbulent energy fluxes, which offers feedback on the local and regional climate. This study presents previously unidentified observational evidence of the effect of large-scale afforestation on land surface temperature (LST) in China. Afforestation decreases daytime LST, because of enhanced evapotranspiration, and increases nighttime LST. This nighttime warming tends to offset daytime cooling in dry regions. These results ...

 

Carbon stocks and soil respiration rates during deforestation, grassland use and subsequent Norway spruce afforestation in the Southern Alps, Italy

  
Tree Physiology, Vol. 20, No. 13. (01 July 2000), pp. 849-857, https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/20.13.849

Abstract

Changes in carbon stocks during deforestation, reforestation and afforestation play an important role in the global carbon cycle. Cultivation of forest lands leads to substantial losses in both biomass and soil carbon, whereas forest regrowth is considered to be a significant carbon sink. We examined below- and aboveground carbon stocks along a chronosequence of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) stands (0–62 years old) regenerating on abandoned meadows in the Southern Alps. A 130-year-old mixed coniferous Norway spruce–white fir (Abies alba ...

 

Patterns of Land-use Abandonment Control Tree-recruitment and Forest Dynamics in Mediterranean Mountains

  
Ecosystems In Ecosystems, Vol. 10, No. 6. (1 September 2007), pp. 936-948, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-007-9065-4

Abstract

Mediterranean ecosystems have been impacted for millennia by human practices, particularly agricultural and pastoral activities. Since the middle of the nineteenth century, land-use abandonment has lead to scrubland and forest expansion, especially in mountain areas of the northern Mediterranean basin. This study aimed at analyzing how grazing history affects subsequent forest dynamics at a site located in the limestone foothills of the Southern Alps (France). The approach combines archival documents and dendroecology to investigate the origin, establishment and development of forest ...

 

Water quality improvements from afforestation in an agricultural catchment in Denmark illustrated with the INCA model

  
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 4. (2004), pp. 764-777, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-8-764-2004

Abstract

Intensive agricultural land use across Europe has altered nitrogen (N) budget of catchments substantially, causing widespread N pollution of freshwater. Although the N cycle in forests has changed due to increased N deposition, most forest soil waters in Europe have low nitrate concentrations. The protective function of forests on water quality has led to increasing interest in the planting of new forests on arable land as a measure to protect valuable or sensitive freshwater resources. The paper illustrates the effects of ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/afforestation

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
Search only within the INRMM-MiD publication records:
Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.