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Selection: de Rigo:D [56 articles] 

Publications by author de Rigo:D.
 

Forest fire danger extremes in Europe under climate change: variability and uncertainty

  
Keywords: adaptation   array-of-factors   biodiversity   biodiversity-impacts   burnt-area   climate-change   climate-extremes   communicating-uncertainty   data-transformation-modelling   data-uncertainty   downscaling   droughts   dynamic-system   ecosystem-resilience   emergent-property   euro-cordex   europe   extreme-events   extreme-weather   fire-damage   fire-danger-rating   fire-management   fire-weather-index   forest-fires   forest-management   forest-pests   forest-resources   free-scientific-software   geospatial   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   human-behaviour   humidity   ipcc-scenarios   mastrave-modelling-library   mitigation   modelling-uncertainty   no-analog-pattern   peseta-series   precipitation   rcp85   resilience   resilience-vs-resistance   review   robust-modelling   science-policy-interface   science-society-interface   scientific-communication   semantic-array-programming   spatial-pattern   species-richness   species-specific-effects   temperature   vegetation-changes   wildfires   wind  

Abstract

Forests cover over a third of the total land area of Europe. In recent years, large forest fires have repeatedly affected Europe, in particular the Mediterranean countries. Fire danger is influenced by weather in the short term, and by climate when considering longer time intervals. In this work, the emphasis is on the direct influence on fire danger of weather and climate. [\n] For climate analysis at the continental scale, a daily high-emission scenario (RCP 8.5) was considered up to the end ...

References

  1. de Rigo, D., Bosco, C., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., Houston Durrant, T., Barredo, J. I., Strona, G., Caudullo, G., Di Leo, M., Boca, R., 2016. Forest resources in Europe: an integrated perspective on ecosystem services, disturbances and threats. In: San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T., Mauri, A. (Eds.), European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. Publ. Off. EU, Luxembourg, pp. e015b50+. https://w3id.org/mtv/FISE-Comm/v01/e015b50 .
  2. Alberdi Asensio, I., Baycheva-Merger, T., Bouvet, A., Bozzano,
 

Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2016

  

Abstract

[Excerpt: Foreword] Forests, agricultural land and natural areas continue to burn, both within and outside Europe. Lives of European citizens are lost and endangered. By early September 2017, wildfires have already burnt nearly 700 000 ha of land in the EU; hence this season will most likely be remembered as one of the most devastating wildfire seasons in Europe since records began. Moreover, sadly this year’s fires have taken a huge toll of lives in Southern Europe. Extreme weather conditions such ...

 

Robust modelling of the impacts of climate change on the habitat suitability of forest tree species

  
Keywords: abies-alba   array-of-factors   artificial-neural-networks   bioclimatic-predictors   change-factor   climate-change   data-uncertainty   diversity   environmental-modelling   europe   extrapolation-uncertainty   featured-publication   forest-resources   free-scientific-knowledge   free-scientific-software   free-software   fuzzy   gdal   genetic-diversity   geospatial   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   gnu-bash   gnu-linux   gnu-octave   habitat-suitability   integration-techniques   mastrave-modelling-library   maximum-habitat-suitability   modelling-uncertainty   multiplicity   peseta-series   python   regional-climate-models   relative-distance-similarity   robust-modelling   semantic-array-programming   semantic-constraints   semantics   spatial-disaggregation   sres-a1b   supervised-training   unsupervised-training  

Abstract

[::] In Europe, forests play a strategic multifunctional role, serving economic, social and environmental purposes. However, their complex interaction with climate change is not yet well understood. [::] The JRC PESETA project series proposes a consistent multi-sectoral assessment of the impacts of climate change in Europe. [::] Within the PESETA II project, a robust methodology is introduced for modelling the habitat suitability of forest tree species (2071-2100 time horizon). [::] Abies alba (the silver fir) is selected as case study: a main European tree ...

References

  1. European Commission, 2013. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - A new EU forest strategy: for forests and the forest based sector. No. COM(2013) 659 final. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:52013DC0659 , INRMM-MiD:12642065 .
  2. European Commission, 2013. Commission staff working document accompanying the document: Communication from the commission to
 

Multi-dimensional weighted median: the module "wmedian" of the Mastrave modelling library

  
In Semantic Array Programming with Mastrave - Introduction to Semantic Computational Modelling (2012)

Abstract

Weighted median (WM) filtering is a well known technique for dealing with noisy images and a variety of WM-based algorithms have been proposed as effective ways for reducing uncertainties or reconstructing degraded signals by means of available information with heterogeneous reliability. Here a generalized module for applying weighted median filtering to multi-dimensional arrays of information with associated multi-dimensional arrays of corresponding weights is presented. Weights may be associated to single elements or to groups of elements along given dimensions of the ...

 

European atlas of forest tree species

  
Keywords: bioeconomy   chorology   classification   climate   constrained-spatial-multi-frequency-analysis   data-heterogeneity   data-integration   data-uncertainty   disasters   disturbances   ecological-zones   ecology   ecosystem-services   europe   floods   forest-fires   forest-pests   forest-resources   free-software   geospatial   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   gis   gnu-bash   gnu-linux   gnu-octave   habitat-suitability   integrated-modelling   integrated-natural-resources-modelling-and-management   integration-techniques   knowledge-integration   landslides   mastrave-modelling-library   modelling-uncertainty   open-data   paleoecology   relative-distance-similarity   reproducible-research   review   science-policy-interface   science-society-interface   semantic-array-programming   semantic-constraints   semantics   semap   software-uncertainty   soil-erosion   soil-resources   species-distribution   tree-species   uncertainty   water-resources   windstorm  

Abstract

[Excerpt] The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is the first comprehensive publication of such a unique and essential environmental resource, that is, our trees. Leading scientists and forestry professionals have contributed in the many stages of the production of this atlas, through the collection of ground data on the location of tree species, elaboration of the distribution and suitability maps, production of the photographic material and compilation of the different chapters. The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is both ...

 

European forest ecosystems - State and trends

  
Vol. 5/2016 (21 March 2016), https://doi.org/10.2800/964893

Abstract

[Executive summary] The importance of forests with regard to supporting human needs is considerable. [\n] Forests are rich in biodiversity and valuable for recreation, water regulation and soil protection. [\n] As well as for providing timber and other non-wood forest products, forests are important for mitigating climate change and for the renewable energy sector. [\n] Forest ecosystems are exposed to a range of environmental, economic and social pressures that challenge their sustainability. The forest sector is influenced by the unprecedented pressures arising from climate change and the growing demands of society on natural resources. ...

References

  1. Agenda 21, 2016. http://rod.eionet.europa.eu/instruments/573 , accessed 25 February 2016.
  2. Adams, M. A., 2013. Mega-fires, tipping points and ecosystem services: Managing forests and woodlands in an uncertain future. Forest Ecology and Management, 294, 250–261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.11.039 .
  3. Aggestam, F., Weiss, G., 2011. An updated and further elaborated policy database and a tested prototype of policy analysis interface for ToSIA, EFI Technical Report 38, European Forest Institute, Joensuu.
 

Corrigendum to "Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility" published in Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci.,15, 225-245, 2015

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 15, No. 2. (16 February 2015), pp. 291-291, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-15-291-2015

Abstract

[Excerpt] Two editorial mistakes were found in the article. Both refer to Eq. (2), p. 231 (whose correct version was published in the discussion paper, p. 2652). [\n] The first mistake is related to the operator Ω, which was wrongly rendered with a summation operator (Σ). The editorial notation mistake is also evident by considering the semantics of the RDS (relative distance similarity) statistics. As explained in de Rigo et al. (2013) and Bosco et al. (2013), RDS is defined in [0, 1]. Therefore, a summation operator whose arguments are quantities ...

 

Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management: minimal redefinition of a known challenge for environmental modelling

  
In Call for a shared research agenda toward scientific knowledge freedom (2012)

Abstract

[Excerpt] How do we interpret and cope with the complex challenges of the changing global environment, culture and society? Among the many ways to do so, a key perspective considers the possibilities and limits of our Earth system as a whole. Mankind exploits Earth's resources to live, increasingly altering incredibly complex systems of systems. Over the centuries, our influence has grown in intensity and pervasivity, spanning at multiple scales over ecology, climate, transport and connectivity even among far (and until recently ...

 

Study of a collaborative repository of semantic metadata and models for regional environmental datasets' multivariate transformations

  
(2015)
edited by Giorgio Guariso

Abstract

A semantic modelling procedure is introduced to ease array-based multivariate transformations of public environmental data, along with the architecture of a collaborative repository of modelling meta-information based on the procedure. [\n] The procedure, Semantic Array Programming (SemAP), is intended as a lightweight paradigm to support integrated natural resources modelling and management (INRMM), in the context of wide-scale transdisciplinary modelling for environment (WSTMe, here tested from catchment up to regional and continental scale). [\n] It is a common experience among computational scientists, ...

References

  1. Aalde, H., Gonzalez, P., Gytarsky, M., Krug, T., Kurz, W. A., Ogle, S., Raison, J., Schoene, D., Ravindranath, N. H., Elhassan, N. G., Heath, L. S., Higuchi, N., Kainja, S., Matsumoto, M., Sanz Sánchez, M. J., Somogyi, Z., 2006. Forest Land. Vol. 4 of IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Ch. 4, 83 pp. http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/pdf/4_Volume4/V4_04_Ch4_Forest_Land.pdf .
 

Assessing the potential distribution of insect pests: case studies on large pine weevil (Hylobius abietis L) and horse-chestnut leaf miner (Cameraria ohridella) under present and future climate conditions in European forests

  
EPPO Bulletin, Vol. 45, No. 2. (1 August 2015), pp. 273-281, https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12208

Abstract

Forest insect pests represent a serious threat to European forests and their negative effects could be exacerbated by climate change. This paper illustrates how species distribution modelling integrated with host tree species distribution data can be used to assess forest vulnerability to this threat. Two case studies are used: large pine weevil (Hylobius abietis L) and horse-chestnut leaf miner (Cameraria ohridella Deschka & Dimič) both at pan-European level. The proposed approach integrates information from different sources. Occurrence data of insect pests ...

Visual summary

 

Introduction to the Command Line

  
(2010)

Abstract

[Excerpt: Outline] This book is an introduction to using the shell with a focus on empowering GNU/Linux newbies. This page has an outline. The book itself is being written at: [\n] http://en.flossmanuals.net/bin/view/CommandLineIntro/WebHome [\n] It is meant to be fun and encourage the reader to play, so it is not organized in a formal manner (for instance, discussing all metacharacters in one place). Instead, features are introduced in the context of useful tasks. Rarely used features are not discussed. [\n] The main topic is ...

 

Interactive comment (reply to Anonymous Referee 3) on Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility - by Bosco et al

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions, Vol. 2 (2014), pp. C1786-C1795, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1379902

Abstract

Throughout the public discussion of our article Bosco et al. (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2, 2639-2680, 2014), the Anonymous Referee 3 provided (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2, C1592-C1594, 2014) a variety of insights. This work presents our replies to them. ...

 

Interactive comment (reply to Dino Torri) on Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility - by Bosco et al

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions, Vol. 2 (2014), pp. C671-C688, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1379901

Abstract

During the public discussion of our article Bosco et al. (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2, 2639-2680, 2014), D. Torri provided numerous insights (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. 2, C528-C532, 2014). This work offers our replies to them. ...

 

Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 15, No. 2. (4 February 2015), pp. 225-245, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-15-225-2015

Abstract

Soil erosion by water is one of the most widespread forms of soil degradation. The loss of soil as a result of erosion can lead to decline in organic matter and nutrient contents, breakdown of soil structure and reduction of the water-holding capacity. Measuring soil loss across the whole landscape is impractical and thus research is needed to improve methods of estimating soil erosion with computational modelling, upon which integrated assessment and mitigation strategies may be based. Despite the efforts, the ...

 

Knowledge Freedom in computational science: a two stage peer-review process with KF eligibility access review

  

Abstract

Wide scale transdisciplinary modelling (WSTM) growingly demands a focus on reproducible research and scientific knowledge freedom. Data and software freedom are essential aspects of knowledge freedom in computational science. Therefore, ideally published articles should also provide the readers with the data and source code of the described mathematical modelling. To maximise transparency, replicability, reproducibility and reusability, published data should be made available as open data while source code should be made available as free software. Here, a two-stage peer review process ...

Visual summary

 

Land cover and soil erodibility within the e-RUSLE model

  
Scientific Topics Focus, Vol. 1 (2014), mri11b13, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.856670

Abstract

Soil is a valuable, non-renewable resource that offers a multitude of ecosystems goods and services. At geological time-scales there is a balance between erosion and soil formation, but in many areas of the world today there is an imbalance with respect to soil loss and its subsequent deposition, principally caused by anthropogenic activity and climate change. Detailed methods regarding soil erosion dynamics are growingly available at local and catchment scale. The integrated assessment of natural hazards often require wider scales to ...

References

  1. Angeli, L., Bottai, L., Costantini, R., Ferrari, R., Innocenti, L., and Siciliano, G.: Valutazione del rischio erosione: Applicazioni del modello RUSLE, LaMMA - CRES, Internal Report No. RI07-04, 2004.
  2. Bazzoffi P.: Erosione del Suolo e Sviluppo Rurale: Fondamenti e manualistica per la valutazione agro ambientale, Edagricole, Bologna, 2007.
  3. Beasley, D. B., Huggins, L. F., and Monke, E. J.: ANSWERS a model for watershed planning, T. ASABE, 23(4), 938–944, 1980.
 

Architecture of Environmental Risk Modelling: for a faster and more robust response to natural disasters

  
In 3rd Conference of Computational Interdisciplinary Sciences (2014), pp. 46-57

Abstract

Demands on the disaster response capacity of the European Union are likely to increase, as the impacts of disasters continue to grow both in size and frequency. This has resulted in intensive research on issues concerning spatially-explicit information and modelling and their multiple sources of uncertainty. Geospatial support is one of the forms of assistance frequently required by emergency response centres along with hazard forecast and event management assessment. Robust modelling of natural hazards requires dynamic simulations under an array of ...

Visual summary

 

Visual validation of the e-RUSLE model applied at the pan-European scale

  
Scientific Topics Focus, Vol. 1 (2014), mri11a13, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.844627

Abstract

Validating soil erosion estimates at regional or larger scale is still extremely challenging. The common procedures are not technically and financially applicable for large spatial extents, despite this some options are still applicable. For validating the European map of soil erosion by water calculated using the approach proposed in Bosco et al. [1] we applied alternative qualitative methods based on visual evaluation. The 1 km 2 map was validated through a visual and categorical comparison between modelled and observed soil erosion. A procedure ...

References

  1. Bosco, C., de Rigo, D., Poesen, J., Dewitte, O., Panagos, P., 2014. Modelling Soil Erosion at European Scale: Towards Harmonization and Reproducibility. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.
  2. Merritt, W.S., Letcher, R.A., Jakeman, A.J., 2003. A review of erosion and sediment transport models. Environmental Modelling and Software 18 (8), 761-799.
  3. Aksoy, H., Kavvas, M. L., 2005. A review of hillslope and watershed scale erosion and sediment transport models. Catena 64 (2),
 

Supplementary materials for: a proposal for an integrated modelling framework to characterise habitat pattern

  
(2014)

Abstract

In Estreguil et al. (Environ Modell Softw 52, 176-191, 2014), an integrated modelling framework is proposed to characterise habitat pattern. The modelling approach is there exemplified by deriving a set of twelve indices aggregated into four categories: general landscape composition, habitat morphology, edge interface and connectivity. The easy and reproducible computability is ensured with the integrated use of publicly available software (GUIDOS free-download software, Conefor free software) and of newly programmed tools. A statistical analysis is then conducted using classical linear ...

 

Assessing the potential distribution of insect pests under current and future climatic conditions in European forests using host data

  
In EFSA-EPPO Joint Workshop on Data collection and information sharing in plant health (April 2014), 16

Abstract

In this study we propose a methodology for assessing forest vulnerability to insect pests at pan-European level. Two insect pests are used for testing and validating a methodology that could be extended to other forest insect pests. Our results highlight the strengths of the approach, facilitate information sharing with decision makers and discuss the limitations, including data availability of forests insect pests. Forest insect pests represent a serious threat to European forests and their effects could be exacerbated by warmer climatic conditions. ...

 

Connectivity of Natura 2000 forest sites in Europe

  
F1000Posters, Vol. 2014, No. 5. (Jun 2014), 485, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1063300

Abstract

[Background/Purpose]: In the context of the European Biodiversity policy, the Green Infrastructure Strategy is one supporting tool to mitigate fragmentation, inter-alia to increase the spatial and functional connectivity between protected and unprotected areas. The Joint Research Centre has developed an integrated model to provide a macro-scale set of indices to evaluate the connectivity of Natura 2000 network, which forms the backbone of a Green Infrastructure for Europe. The model allows a wide assessment and comparison to be performed across country in terms ...

References

  1. Bennett, J., 2010. OpenStreetMap. Packt Publishing. ISBN: 978-1-84719-750-4
  2. Bennett, G., Bento Pais, R., Berry, P Didicescu, P. S., Fichter, M., Hlavᡠ, V., Hoellen, K., Jones-Walters, L., Miko, L., Onida, M., Plesník, J., Smith, D., Wakenhut, F., 2010. Green Infrastructure Implementation: Proceedings of the European Commission Conference 19 November 2010. (Ed: Karhu, J.). European Commission, 28 pp. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/ecosystems/green_infrastructure.htm
  3. de Rigo, D., 2012. Applying semantic constraints to array programming: the
 

Forest landscape pattern in a nutshell: local and continental applications of a four-families index set

  
In 16th International Symposium on Problems of Landscape Ecological Research - Landscape Ecology: From Theory to Practice (2012), pp. 12-13

Abstract

[Excerpt] Measuring and monitoring landscape habitat fragmentation are an important first step to further study the relationship between pattern and ecological processes. This paper presents a standardised set of indices to characterise pattern and its application at varying spatial scales. A total of twelve indices is organised into four main families –general landscape composition, habitat morphology, edge interface mosaic context and connectivity –. Their implementation is based on three conceptual models which are partly revisited and combined (MSPA from GUIDOS software, Probability ...

 

Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions, Vol. 2, No. 4. (11 April 2014), pp. 2639-2680, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhessd-2-2639-2014

Abstract

Soil erosion by water is one of the most widespread forms of soil degradation. The loss of soil as a result of erosion can lead to decline in organic matter and nutrient contents, breakdown of soil structure and reduction of the water holding capacity. Measuring soil loss across the whole landscape is impractical and thus research is needed to improve methods of estimating soil erosion with computational modelling, upon which integrated assessment and mitigation strategies may be based. Despite the efforts, ...

 

Climate impacts in Europe - The JRC PESETA II project

  
edited by J. C. Ciscar

Abstract

The objective of the JRC PESETA II project is to gain insights into the sectoral and regional patterns of climate change impacts in Europe by the end of this century. The study uses a large set of climate model runs and impact categories (ten impacts: agriculture, energy, river floods, droughts, forest fires, transport infrastructure, coasts, tourism, habitat suitability of forest tree species and human health). The project integrates biophysical direct climate impacts into a macroeconomic economic model, which enables the comparison ...

References

  1. Aaheim, A., Amundsen, H., Dokken, T., Wei, T., 2012. Impacts and Adaptation to Climate Change in European Economies. Global Environmental Change 22(4), 959-968. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.06.005 .
  2. Alley, R.B., Whillans, I.M., 1991. Changes in the West Antarctic ice sheet. Science 254 (5034), 959–963. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.254.5034.959 .
  3. Anstey, J., Davini, P., Gray, L., Woollings, T., 2012. Multi-model analysis of winter blocking and tropospheric jet variability: The roles of horizontal and vertical resolution. Submitted to J.
 

Supporting EFSA assessment of the EU environmental suitability for exotic forestry pests: final report

  
EFSA Supporting Publications, Vol. 11, No. 3. (19 March 2014), 434E, https://doi.org/10.2903/sp.efsa.2014.EN-434

Abstract

An updated series of distribution maps of more than 50 taxa, mainly of forest tree species, is presented along with the description of involved materials, inventory data and ancillary datasets, data-processing and modelling methods. Different methodologies are discussed and corresponding specific maps are presented for supporting the assessment on emerging plant pest risks. Updated maps of taxa habitat suitability are also presented. Maps, material and methods for supporting the risk assessment on Phytophthora ramorum for the European territory and for supporting ...

References

  1. Abelleira, A., Picoaga, A., Mansilla, J. P., Aguin, O., 2011. Detection of Bursaphelenchus Xylophilus, Causal Agent of Pine Wilt Disease on Pinus pinaster in Northwestern Spain. Plant Disease 95 (6), 776. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-12-10-0902
  2. Athar, M., Nasir, S. M., 2005. Taxonomic perspective of plant species yielding vegetable oils used in cosmetics and skin care products. African Journal of Biotechnology 4 (1) 36-44.
  3. Badal, E., 2001. La recolección de piñas durante
 

Towards the reproducibility in soil erosion modelling: a new pan-European soil erosion map

  
In Wageningen conference on applied soil science : 'Soil Science in a Changing World' (February 2011), https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.936872

Abstract

Soil erosion by water is a widespread phenomenon throughout Europe and has the potentiality, with his on-site and off-site effects, to affect water quality, food security and floods. Despite the implementation of numerous and different models to estimate soil erosion by water in Europe, there is still a lack of harmonization of assessment methodologies. Very often, different approaches give soil erosion rates significantly different and even when the same model is applied to the same region the results may be different. ...

References

  1. Rusco, E., Montanarella, L., Bosco, C., 2008. Soil erosion: a main threats to the soils in Europe. In: Tóth, G., Montanarella, L., Rusco, E. (Eds.), Threats to Soil Quality in Europe. No. EUR 23438 EN in EUR - Scientific and Technical Research series. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, pp. 37-45
  2. Casagrandi, R. and Guariso, G., 2009. Impact of ICT in Environmental Sciences: A citation analysis 1990-2007. Environmental Modelling & Software 24
 

A proposal for an integrated modelling framework to characterise habitat pattern

  
Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 52 (February 2014), pp. 176-191, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2013.10.011

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Habitat pattern characterisation as methodological guidance for fragmentation assessments (applied in Europe). [::] Reproducible integration of three landscape models with GIS and semantic array programming. [::] Four families indices: landscape composition, edge interface, habitat morphology and connectivity. [::] New indices: edge interface context of morphological shapes; Power Weighted Probability of Dispersal family for connectivity. [::] Nonlinear statistical correlation analysis based on Brownian Distance Correlation. [Abstract] Harmonized information on habitat pattern, fragmentation and connectivity is one among the reporting needs of the biodiversity policy agenda. This paper ...

 

Software uncertainty in integrated environmental modelling: the role of semantics and open science

  
Geophysical Research Abstracts In European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2013, Vol. 15 (Nov 2013), 13292, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.155701

Abstract

Computational aspects increasingly shape environmental sciences. Actually, transdisciplinary modelling of complex and uncertain environmental systems is challenging computational science (CS) and also the science-policy interface. Large spatial-scale problems falling within this category - i.e. wide-scale transdisciplinary modelling for environment (WSTMe) - often deal with factors for which deep-uncertainty may prevent usual statistical analysis of modelled quantities and need different ways for providing policy-making with science-based support. Here, practical recommendations are proposed for tempering a peculiar - not infrequently underestimated - source of uncertainty. Software errors in complex WSTMe may ...

Visual summary

 

Mastrave

  
In Free Software Directory (October 2011), 8008

Abstract

Mastrave is a free software library written to perform vectorized scientific computing and to be as compatible as possible with both GNU Octave and Matlab computing frameworks, offering general purpose, portable and freely available features for the scientific community. Mastrave is mostly oriented to ease complex modeling tasks such as those typically needed within environmental models, even when involving irregular and heterogeneous data series. [Semantic array programming]. The Mastrave project attempts to allow a more effective, quick interoperability between GNU Octave and Matlab ...

 

Forest landscape in Europe: pattern, fragmentation and connectivity

  
Vol. 25717, No. JRC 77295. (2013), https://doi.org/10.2788/77842

Abstract

The JRC demonstrated the feasibility to assess and report in a harmonized manner, forest landscape pattern and fragmentation in Europe, on the basis of an easily reproducible set of indices. Results were used in the Forest EUROPE, UN ECE and FAO joint ministerial reporting process on the protection of forests in Europe where data on forest pattern do not exist from national forest inventories. In the EU, 40% of the forest lands are within a 100m distance from other lands, thus ...

 

Continental-scale living forest biomass and carbon stock: a robust fuzzy ensemble of IPCC Tier 1 maps for Europe

  
IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 413 (2013), pp. 271-284, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41151-9_26

Abstract

Forest ecosystems play a key role in the global carbon cycle. Spatially explicit data and assessments of forest biomass and carbon are therefore crucial for designing and implementing effective sustainable forest management options and forest related policies. In this contribution, we present European-wide maps of forest biomass and carbon stock spatially disaggregated at 1km x 1km. The maps originated from a spatialisation improvement of the IPCC methodology for estimating the forest biomass at IPCC Tier 1 level (IPCC-T1). [\n] Using a categorical ...

Visual summary

 

Multi-scale robust modelling of landslide susceptibility: regional rapid assessment and catchment robust fuzzy ensemble

  
IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 413 (2013), pp. 321-335, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41151-9_31

Abstract

Landslide susceptibility assessment is a fundamental component of effective landslide prevention. One of the main challenges in landslides forecasting is the assessment of spatial distribution of landslide susceptibility. Despite the many different approaches, landslide susceptibility assessment still remains a challenge. A semi-quantitative method is proposed combining heuristic, deterministic and probabilistic approaches for a robust catchment scale assessment. A fuzzy ensemble model has been exploited for aggregating an array of different susceptibility zonation maps. Each susceptibility zonation has been obtained by applying ...

 

Dynamic data driven ensemble for wildfire behaviour assessment: a case study

  
IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 413 (2013), pp. 11-22, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41151-9_2

Abstract

Wildfire information has long been collected in Europe, with particular focus on forest fires. The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) of the European Commission complements and harmonises the information collected by member countries and covers the forest fire management cycle. This latter ranges from forest fire preparedness to post-fire impact analysis. However, predicting and simulating fire event dynamics requires the integrated modelling of several sources of uncertainty. Here we present a case study of a novel conceptualization based on a Semantic ...

 

An architecture for adaptive robust modelling of wildfire behaviour under deep uncertainty

  
IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 413 (2013), pp. 367-380, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41151-9_35

Abstract

Wildfires in Europe - especially in the Mediterranean region - are one of the major treats at landscape scale. While their immediate impact ranges from endangering human life to the destruction of economic assets, other damages exceed the spatio-temporal scale of a fire event. Wildfires involving forest resources are associated with intense carbon emissions and alteration of surrounding ecosystems. The induced land cover degradation has also a potential role in exacerbating soil erosion and shallow landslides. A component of the complexity in assessing ...

Visual summary

 

Climate impacts in Europe: an integrated economic assessment

  
In Impacts World 2013 - International Conference on Climate Change Effects (May 2013), pp. 87-96, https://doi.org/10.2312/pik.2013.001

Abstract

The JRC PESETA II study integrates the consequences of several separate climate change impacts into a macroeconomic CGE model. This enables comparison of the different impacts based on common metrics (household welfare and economic activity). The study uses a large set of climate model runs (twelve) and impact categories (agriculture, energy demand, river floods, sea-level rise, forest fires, transport infrastructure). The results show that there is a wide dispersion of impacts across EU regions, with strong geographical asymmetries, depending on the specific ...

References

  1. Brown,S., Nicholls, R.J., Vafeidis, A., Hinkel, J., Watkiss, P., 2011. The Impacts and Economic Costs of Sea Level Rise in Europe and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation. Summary of Results from the EC RTD ClimateCost Project. In Watkiss, P., (Editor), 2011. The ClimateCost Project. Final Report. Volume 1: Europe. Published by the Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden, 2011. ISBN 978-91-86125-35-6.
  2. Camia, A., Libertà, G., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., 2012. Modelling impacts of climate change on forest
 

IWRM in the Adda basin, Northern Italy

  
Geophysical Research Abstracts In European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2013, Vol. 9 (2007), 08901

Abstract

The Adda river basin, in Northern Italy, is a 6.500 km2 wide basin which includes the Como Lake. The lake has been used as a regulated multipurpose reservoir for sixty years and its management has been primarily aimed at the satisfaction of downstream water demands for irrigation and hydropower generation, as well as at the control of floods, both on the lake shores and on the outflowing Adda river. Due to the changing legal and hydrological conditions the conflict between these ...

 

Integrated modeling of large scale forest patterns and connectivity of protected areas and relevance in the context of ecosystem services and climate change

  
In FORECOM: Forest cover changes in mountainous regions - drivers, trajectories and implications (2013)

Abstract

The mitigation of ecosystem fragmentation is important in Target 2 of the new European Biodiversity strategy to 2020, aiming at the maintenance and enhancement of ecosystem services (e.g. habitat provision, disturbance regulation, climate change mitigation). Better knowledge on patterns, fragmentation processes and functional connectivity of focal ecosystem is needed within and between protected areas as well as in the wider country side. An overview of JRC activities is given on tools, models and applications for a European-wide improved and harmonised ...

 

Semantic Array Programming for environmental modelling: application of the Mastrave library

  
In International Environmental Modelling and Software Society (iEMSs) 2012 International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software - Managing Resources of a Limited Planet: Pathways and Visions under Uncertainty, Sixth Biennial Meeting (2012), pp. 1167-1176

Abstract

Environmental datasets grow in size and specialization while models designed for local scale are often unsuitable at regional/continental scale. At regional scale, data are usually available as georeferenced collections of spatially distributed despite semantically atomic information. Complex data intrinsically impose modellers to manipulate nontrivial information structures. For example, multi-dimensional arrays of time series may be composed by slices of raster spatial matrices for each time step, whilst heterogeneous collections of uneven arrays are common when dealing with data analogous to precipitation ...

 

A data-driven model for large wildfire behaviour prediction in Europe

  
Procedia Computer Science, Vol. 18 (2013), pp. 1861-1870, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2013.05.355

Abstract

The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) has been established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Environment (DG ENV) of the European Commission (EC) in close collaboration with the Member States and neighbour countries. EFFIS is intended as complementary system to national and regional systems in the countries, providing harmonised information required for international collaboration on forest fire prevention and fighting and in cases of trans-boundary fire events. However, one missing component in the system is ...

 

On-line design of water reservoir policies based on inflow prediction

  
IFAC-PapersOnLine In Proceedings of the 17th IFAC World Congress, Vol. 41, No. 2. (06 July 2008), pp. 14540-14545, https://doi.org/10.3182/20080706-5-kr-1001.02463

Abstract

Stochastic Dynamic Programming (SDP) is the method most extensively adopted to design release policies for water reservoir networks. However, it suffers of the well known "curse of dimensionality", which actually limits its applicability to small reservoir networks. In this paper we present an on-line approach to policy design that not only constitutes a viable alternative to overcome the SDP limits, but can also be used with an inflow predictor to improve the performance of SDPbased off-line policies. This latter possibility is ...

 

Free and Open Source Software underpinning the European Forest Data Centre

  
Geophysical Research Abstracts In European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2013, Vol. 15 (2013), 12101, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.155700

Abstract

Worldwide, governments are growingly focusing on free and open source software (FOSS) as a move toward transparency and the freedom to run, copy, study, change and improve the software. The European Commission (EC) is also supporting the development of FOSS [...]. In addition to the financial savings, FOSS contributes to scientific knowledge freedom in computational science (CS) and is increasingly rewarded in the science-policy interface within the emerging paradigm of open science. Since complex computational science applications may be affected by ...

 

Toward open science at the European scale: Geospatial Semantic Array Programming for integrated environmental modelling

  
Geophysical Research Abstracts In European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2013, Vol. 15 (2013), 13245, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.155703

Abstract

[Excerpt] Interfacing science and policy raises challenging issues when large spatial-scale (regional, continental, global) environmental problems need transdisciplinary integration within a context of modelling complexity and multiple sources of uncertainty. This is characteristic of science-based support for environmental policy at European scale, and key aspects have also long been investigated by European Commission transnational research. Approaches (either of computational science or of policy-making) suitable at a given domain-specific scale may not be appropriate for wide-scale transdisciplinary modelling for environment (WSTMe) and ...

 

Towards the reproducibility in soil erosion modeling: a new pan-European soil erosion map

  
In Wageningen conference on applied soil science : 'Soil Science in a Changing World' (2011), https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.936872

Abstract

Soil erosion by water is a widespread phenomenon throughout Europe and has the potentiality, with his on-site and off-site effects, to affect water quality, food security and floods. Despite the implementation of numerous and different models to estimate soil erosion by water in Europe, there is still a lack of harmonization of assessment methodologies. Very often, different approaches give soil erosion rates significantly different and even when the same model is applied to the same region the results may be different. ...

References

  1. Rusco, E., Montanarella, L., Bosco, C., 2008. Soil erosion: a main threats to the soils in Europe. In: Tóth, G., Montanarella, L., Rusco, E. (Eds.), Threats to Soil Quality in Europe. No. EUR 23438 EN in EUR - Scientific and Technical Research series. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, pp. 37-45
  2. Casagrandi, R. and Guariso, G., 2009. Impact of ICT in Environmental Sciences: A citation analysis 1990-2007. Environmental Modelling & Software 24
 

Applying semantic constraints to array programming: the module "check_is" of the Mastrave modelling library

  
In Semantic Array Programming with Mastrave - Introduction to Semantic Computational Modelling (2012)

Abstract

Array programming originated to reduce the gap between mathematical notation and algorithm implementations by promoting arrays (vectors, matrices, tensors, up to more complex structures) as atomic quantities with extremely concise manipulating operators. [\n] Coherent array-based mathematical description of models can simplify complex algorithm design and prototyping while moving mathematical reasoning directly into the source code - because of its substantial size reduction - where the mathematical description is actually expressed in a completely formalized and reproducible way. This powerful approach mostly relies ...

Visual summary

 

Detecting general multi-dimensional nonlinear correlations: the module "dist_corr" of the Mastrave modelling library

  
In Semantic Array Programming with Mastrave - Introduction to Semantic Computational Modelling (2012), https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.92645

Abstract

Linear correlation analysis of complex nonlinear physical or computationally derived quantities - despite straightforward to be implemented with the help of basic numerical tools - may be far sub-optimal in assessing the actual strength of existing relationships between quantities. Moreover, in many applications not only the correlation between pairs of quantities is of interest, but also the more general correlation between a certain group of quantities and another one. Multi-dimensional nonlinear correlation analysis may offer elegant and concise ways of exploring ...

 

Semantic Array Programming with Mastrave - Introduction to semantic computational modelling

  
(2012)

Abstract

Computational scientists in the domains of environmental modelling are challenged to cope with data impressively growing in complexity, heterogeneity and size. Computational models are mathematical descriptions which usually try to capture numerically some essential (i.e. in most cases, approximated) relationships between key aspects of observed phenomena. As a consequence, they should in principle be unambiguously deterministic and therefore scientifically reproducible - including unintentional algorithm errors or weaknesses which this way have a chance to be discovered and corrected in ...

 

Mapping European forest tree species distribution to support pest risk assessment

  
Bioforsk FOKUS In Advancing risk assessment models for invasive alien species in the food chain: contending with climate change, economics and uncertainty, Vol. 7, No. 10. (2012)

Abstract

Establishment and spread of plant pests and diseases depends on many ecological factors among which the availability and distribution of host plants plays a key role. Therefore, accurate information on the distribution of forest tree species is crucial for risk assessment of forest pests and diseases. Our project focuses on mapping the distribution of over 200 tree species in Europe on the basis of data provided by the National Forest Inventories (NFIs) of European countries at 1 km spatial resolution. Data provided by ...

 

Valutazione degli effetti dell'hydropeaking ad un sito campione e sviluppo di un indicatore ambientale per la gestione integrata della risorsa idrica

  
No. A3/023148. (30 June 2003), pp. 1-165

Abstract

[Excerpt:Introduzione] Con il termine hydropeaking si indicano le fluttuazioni artificiose di portata causate dall’esercizio di impianti idroelettrici a bacino e le modifiche che tali fluttuazioni esercitano sull’ecosistema fluviale. Il picco di energia rilasciato durante tali fluttuazioni corrisponde alla quantità necessaria a soddisfare la domanda di punta giornaliera di energia elettrica. Obiettivi dell’attività sono stati: [::a)] individuare gli effetti dell’hydropeaking sull’habitat fisico e sulla comunità biologica (fauna ittica e benthos) [::b)] individuare i metodi di campionamento e analisi per quantificare tali effetti [::c)] sulla base ...

 

Reporting on European forest fragmentation: standardized indices and web map services

  
IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 5, No. 2. (2012), 384031

Abstract

This paper responds to the need for improved reporting and methodology reproducibility on forest fragmentation as underlined in the biodiversity policy context. The fragmentation of a focal ecosystem is conceptualized from a landscape pattern characterization based on three publicly available landscape models (Morphological Spatial Pattern application of the GUIDOS free download software, Landscape Mosaic Pattern, Conefor Sensinode free open source software) that were partly combined. A set of indices were derived and organized into five main families: two indices on general landscape ...

Visual summary

 

Neuro-dynamic programming for designing water reservoir network management policies

  
Control Engineering Practice, Vol. 15, No. 8. (August 2007), pp. 1031-1038, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conengprac.2006.02.011

Abstract

Stochastic dynamic programming (SDP) can improve the management of a multipurpose water reservoir by generating management policies which are efficient with respect to the management objectives (flood protection, water supply for irrigation, hydropower generation, etc.). The improvement in efficiency is even more remarkable for networks of reservoirs. Unfortunately, SDP is affected by the well-known ‘curse of dimensionality’, i.e. computational time and computer memory occupation increase exponentially with the dimension of the problem (number of reservoirs), and the problem rapidly becomes intractable. ...

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