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Selection: Wainwright:J [3 articles] 

Publications by author Wainwright:J.
 

Anthropogenic forcings and associated changes in fire risk in Western North America and Australia during 2015-2016

  
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society In Explaining Extreme Events of 2016 from a Climate Perspective, Vol. 99, No. 1. (January 2018), pp. S60-S64, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0096.1

Abstract

Extreme vapor pressure deficits (VPD) have been associated with enhanced wildfire risk. Using one model, we found for 2015/16 that human influences quintupled the risk of extreme VPD for western North America and increased the risk for extratropical Australia. [Excerpt: Introduction] In 2016, about 3.6 million hectares of land burned in the United States and Canada (NIFC 2017; NFD 2017). In Canada, a wildfire southwest of Fort McMurray, Alberta, caused the largest wildfire evacuation in Alberta’s history and destroyed 2400 homes ...

 

A proposed method for modelling the hydrologic response of catchments to burning with the use of remote sensing and GIS

  
CATENA, Vol. 70, No. 3. (August 2007), pp. 396-409, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2006.11.008

Abstract

Forest fires can have significant effects on the hydrological response of catchments, resulting in many cases in severe land degradation, flooding and soil erosion. These post-fire hazards often cause extensive damage to public and private property and urban infrastructure, thus carefully planned and designed mitigation activities are required for reducing their magnitude. This study presents a method for the quantitative estimation and mapping of post-fire erosion and runoff, which can provide the basis for the planning of these mitigation activities. Within ...

 

Scaling Issues in Environmental Modelling

  
In Environmental modelling : finding simplicity in complexity (2004)

Abstract

Introduction. Modelling is useful for understanding and predicting environmental changes at various times and areas. It can incorporate descriptions of the key processes that modulate system performance or behaviour with varying degrees of sophistication (Moore et al., 1993). Over the past few hundred years, we have invested considerable effort to understand the processes of the environmental system, to build up a long record of environmental parameters, and to create a number of reasonable models at local (plot) scales. For example, land-surface ...

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