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Selection: Spinoni:J [6 articles] 

Publications by author Spinoni:J.
 

Will drought events become more frequent and severe in Europe?

  
International Journal of Climatology (09 October 2017), https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.5291

Abstract

As a result of climate change in recent past and unsustainable land management, drought became one of the most impacting disasters and, with the projected global warming, it is expected to progressively cause more damages by the end of the 21st century. This study investigates changes in drought occurrence, frequency, and severity in Europe in the next decades. A combined indicator based on the predominance of the drought signal over normal/wet conditions has been used. The indicator, which combines the standardized ...

 

Meteorological droughts in Europe: events and impacts - Past trends and future projections

  

Abstract

[Excerpt: Executive Summary] Observational records from 1950 onwards and climate projections for the 21st century provide evidence that droughts are a recurrent climate feature in large parts of Europe, especially in the Mediterranean, but also in western, south-eastern and central Europe. Trends over the past 60 years show an increasing frequency, duration and intensity of droughts in these regions, while a negative trend has been observed in north-eastern Europe. With a changing climate, this tendency is likely to be reinforced during the 21st century, affecting a wide range of ...

 

Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016 - An indicator-based report

  
Vol. 1/2017 (January 2017), https://doi.org/10.2800/534806

Abstract

[Excerpt: Executive summary] Key messages [::] All of the key findings from the 2012 European Environment Agency (EEA) report on climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe are still valid. [::] Climate change is continuing globally and in Europe. Land and sea temperatures are increasing; precipitation patterns are changing, generally making wet regions in Europe wetter, particularly in winter, and dry regions drier, particularly in summer; sea ice extent, glacier volume and snow cover are decreasing; sea levels are rising; and climate-related extremes such as heat waves, heavy ...

 

World drought frequency, duration, and severity for 1951-2010

  
International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 34, No. 8. (June 2014), pp. 2792-2804, https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.3875

Abstract

In the context of climate change characterized by rising temperature and more extreme precipitation regimes, drought is one of the most relevant natural disasters. This paper presents maps of global drought frequency, duration, and severity for the periods 1951–1970, 1971–1990, and 1991–2010, to give an overview of the respective drought hot spots. Drought frequency is defined as the number of drought events occurred, drought duration as the number of months in drought conditions, and drought severity as the sum of the ...

 

Spatial patterns of European droughts under a moderate emission scenario

  
Advances in Science and Research, Vol. 12 (24 July 2015), pp. 179-186, https://doi.org/10.5194/asr-12-179-2015

Abstract

Meteorological drought is generally defined as a prolonged deficiency of precipitation and is considered one of the most relevant natural hazards as the related impacts can involve many different sectors. In this study, we investigated the spatial patterns of European droughts for the periods 1981–2010, 2041–2070, and 2071–2100, focusing on the projections under a moderate emissions scenario. To do that, we used the outputs of the KNMI-RACMO2 model, which belongs to the A1B family and whose spatial resolution is 0.25° × ...

References

  1. Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., Smith, M., 1998. Crop evapotranspiration-Guidelines for computing crop water requirements, FAO Irrigation and drainage paper, 56, FAO, Rome, 15 pp..
  2. Beguería, S., Vicente-Serrano, S. M., Reig, F., Latorre, B., 2014. Standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) revisited: parameter fitting, evapotranspiration models, tools, datasets and drought monitoring, Int. J. Climatol., 34, 3001–3023.
  3. Blenkinsop, S., Fowler, H. J., 2007. Changes in European
 

The biggest drought events in Europe from 1950 to 2012

  
Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies (2015), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrh.2015.01.001

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] We compiled a list of the biggest European drought events (1950–2012). [::] We focused on drought events at meteorological and hydrological time scale. [::] We used a combination of three drought indicators (SPI, SPEI, and RDI). [::] We defined the frequency, severity, duration, and intensity of the events. [::] We present regional and country drought time series. [Abstract] [::Study region] Europe, including European Russia, but excluding Greenland, the Canary Islands, the Azores, and Madeira. [::Study focus] Drought is a complex climate-related phenomenon that can affect different sectors causing ...

References

  1. Allen, R.G., Pereira, L.S., Raes, D., Smith, M., 1998. Crop Evapotranspiration – Guidelines for Computing CropWater Requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, vol. 56. FAO, Rome, 15 pp.
  2. Arpe, K., Leroy, S.A.G., Lahijani, H., Khan, V., 2012. Impact of the European Russia drought in 2010 on the Caspian Sea level. Hydrology and Earth System Science, 16, 19-27. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-16-19-2012 .
  3. August, D., Geiger, M., 2008. Drought in the Mediterranean - Recent
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