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Selection: San-Miguel-Ayanz:J [85 articles] 

Publications by author San-Miguel-Ayanz:J.
 

The European Fire Database: technical specifications and data submission

  
Vol. 26546 (2014), https://doi.org/10.2788/2175

Abstract

The European Fire Database is an important component of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS), the EC focal point of information on forest fires established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Environment to provide up to date and harmonized information on forest fires in Europe. As of 2014 EFFIS is part of the Forest Information System for Europe (FISE), following the new EU Forest Strategy adopted in 2013. The Fire Database is the largest repository ...

 

Assessing European wild fire vulnerability

  
Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14 (April 2012), 9452

Abstract

Wild fire vulnerability is a measure of potential socio-economic damage caused by a fire in a specific area. As such it is an important component of long-term fire risk management, helping policy-makers take informed decisions about adequate expenditures for fire prevention and suppression, and to target those regions at highest risk. This paper presents a first approach to assess wild fire vulnerability at the European level. A conservative approach was chosen that assesses the cost of restoring the previous land cover after a potential fire. Based on the CORINE ...

 

Chorological maps for the main European woody species

  
Data in Brief, Vol. 12 (June 2017), pp. 662-666, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2017.05.007

Abstract

A novel chorological data compilation for the main European tree and shrub species is presented. This dataset was produced by combining numerous and heterogeneous data collected from 20th century atlas monographs providing complete species distribution maps, and from more recent national to regional atlases, occurrence geodatabases and scientific literature. The dataset is composed of numerous species distribution maps available in geographical information system (GIS) format, created by compiling, evaluating and synthesizing data of all collected sources. The geometry of the individual ...

 

Robust modelling of the impacts of climate change on the habitat suitability of forest tree species

  
Keywords: abies-alba   array-of-factors   artificial-neural-networks   bioclimatic-predictors   change-factor   climate-change   data-uncertainty   diversity   environmental-modelling   europe   extrapolation-uncertainty   featured-publication   forest-resources   free-scientific-knowledge   free-scientific-software   free-software   fuzzy   gdal   genetic-diversity   geospatial   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   gnu-bash   gnu-linux   gnu-octave   habitat-suitability   integration-techniques   mastrave-modelling-library   maximum-habitat-suitability   modelling-uncertainty   multiplicity   peseta-series   python   regional-climate-models   relative-distance-similarity   robust-modelling   semantic-array-programming   semantic-constraints   semantics   spatial-disaggregation   sres-a1b   supervised-training   unsupervised-training  

Abstract

[::] In Europe, forests play a strategic multifunctional role, serving economic, social and environmental purposes. However, their complex interaction with climate change is not yet well understood. [::] The JRC PESETA project series proposes a consistent multi-sectoral assessment of the impacts of climate change in Europe. [::] Within the PESETA II project, a robust methodology is introduced for modelling the habitat suitability of forest tree species (2071-2100 time horizon). [::] Abies alba (the silver fir) is selected as case study: a main European tree ...

References

  1. European Commission, 2013. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - A new EU forest strategy: for forests and the forest based sector. No. COM(2013) 659 final. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:52013DC0659 , INRMM-MiD:12642065 .
  2. European Commission, 2013. Commission staff working document accompanying the document: Communication from the commission to
 

Modeling the impacts of climate change on forest fire danger in Europe: sectorial results of the PESETA II Project

  

Abstract

This constitutes a sectorial analysis of the PESETA II project of the European Commission Joint Research Center in the area of wildfires. [\n] Wildfires are a serious threat to European forests, and climate is the most important driving factor affecting wildfire potential over time (Flannigan et al., 2000). Wildfires are an environmental, economic and social problem particularly in the southern European countries, where wildfires regularly burn thousands of hectares of forests and other lands. Changes in wildfire regimes may have strong impacts on natural resources and ecosystems stability, ...

 

Estimating future burned areas under changing climate in the EU-Mediterranean countries

  
Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 450-451 (April 2013), pp. 209-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.02.014

Abstract

The impacts of climate change on forest fires have received increased attention in recent years at both continental and local scales. It is widely recognized that weather plays a key role in extreme fire situations. It is therefore of great interest to analyze projected changes in fire danger under climate change scenarios and to assess the consequent impacts of forest fires. In this study we estimated burned areas in the European Mediterranean (EU-Med) countries under past and future climate conditions. Historical ...

 

A review of the main driving factors of forest fire ignition over Europe

  
Environmental Management, Vol. 51, No. 3. (2013), pp. 651-662, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-012-9961-z

Abstract

Knowledge of the causes of forest fires, and of the main driving factors of ignition, is an indispensable step towards effective fire prevention policies. This study analyses the factors driving forest fire ignition in the Mediterranean region including the most common human and environmental factors used for modelling in the European context. Fire ignition factors are compared to spatial and temporal variations of fire occurrence in the region, then are compared to results obtained in other areas of the world, with ...

 

Living with wildfires: what science can tell us - A contribution to the science-policy dialogue

  
Vol. 15 (2009)
edited by Yves Birot

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] Contrary to other natural hazards such as earthquakes or windstorms, wildfires are certainly among the most predictable ones. Therefore, it is a phenomenon which, in principle, should leave modern societies some degrees of freedom and margins of manoeuvre for implementing efficient counteracting strategies. However, this opportunity has not been properly used. Over the last decades, wildfires have proven to be a subject of growing concern for the Mediterranean Region. Woodlands, rangelands, maquis and garrigues in rural areas or at the interface with urban areas still ...

 

EU-Forest, a high-resolution tree occurrence dataset for Europe

  
Scientific Data, Vol. 4 (05 January 2017), 160123, https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.123

Abstract

We present EU-Forest, a dataset that integrates and extends by almost one order of magnitude the publicly available information on European tree species distribution. The core of our dataset (~96% of the occurrence records) came from an unpublished, large database harmonising forest plot surveys from National Forest Inventories on an INSPIRE-compliant 1 km×1 km grid. These new data can potentially benefit several disciplines, including forestry, biodiversity conservation, palaeoecology, plant ecology, the bioeconomy, and pest management. ...

References

  1. Ozanne, C. M. P., et al., 2003. Biodiversity meets the atmosphere: a global view of forest canopies. Science 301, 183-186.
  2. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2008. The Convention on Biological Diversity
  3. Bengtsson, J., Nilsson, S. G., Franc, A., Menozzi, P., 2000. Biodiversity, disturbances, ecosystem function and management of European forests. Forest Ecology and Management 132 (1), 39-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(00)00378-9 , INRMM-MiD:12124487 .
  4. Kerley, G. I. H., Kowalczyk,
 

Current methods to assess fire danger potential

  
In Wildland Fire Danger Estimation and Mapping, Vol. 4 (1 September 2003), pp. 21-61, https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812791177_0002

Abstract

Abstract A review of the main operational systems for fire risk/danger rating is presented in this chapter. The systems included in the revision are a European proposal based on the Fire Potential Index and a structural risk index, the US National Fire Danger Rating System, the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System, the Australian and the New Zealand systems. The basis and different components of these danger rating methods are presented and commented. ...

 

Modeling temporal changes in human-caused wildfires in Mediterranean Europe based on Land Use-Land Cover interfaces

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 378 (October 2016), pp. 68-78, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.07.020

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] LULC interfaces between forest and other land uses modeled human-caused wildfire. [::] Euro Mediterranean Europe was analyzed in two time periods, 1990s and 2000s. [::] Models positive related interface density to an increase in fire density. [::] At country-level analysis did not revealed significant differences in the models. [::] A ten year period can be scarce to detect significant LULC changes linked to fire. [Abstract] In the period 1980s–2010s, 95% of wildfires in Mediterranean Europe were due to human causes. In this highly populated region, socio-economic ...

 

Exploring the spatial patterns of fire density in southern Europe using geographically weighted regression

  
Applied Geography, Vol. 51 (July 2014), pp. 143-157, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.04.002

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] We explored the spatial patterns of fire density in two regions of Southern Europe. [::] Geographically Weighted Regression was applied to investigate main drivers of fire. [::] A strong spatial variability of the explanatory power of the variables was found. [::] Precipitation, livestock and shrubland were significant factors in both regions. [::] Fire prevention strategies can be adjusted to particular fire conditions in an area. [Abstract] The spatial patterns of fire occurrence were analyzed in two regions of Southern Europe, focusing on the long-term factors that ...

 

Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2015

  

Abstract

This is the 16th issue of the EFFIS annual report on forest fires for the year 2015. This report is consolidated as highly appreciated documentation of the previous year's forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa. In its different sections, the report includes information on the evolution of fire danger in the European and Mediterranean regions, the damage caused by fires and detailed description of the fire conditions during the 2015 fire campaign in the majority of countries in the EFFIS network The chapter ...

 

Modelling impacts of climate change on forest fire danger

  
No. JRC78846. (2013)

Abstract

Forest fires are an environmental, economic and social problem particularly in the southern European countries, where wildfires regularly burn thousands of hectares of forests and other lands. Changes in wildfire regimes may have strong impacts on natural resources and ecosystems stability, with consequent direct and indirect economic losses. On the other hand, active forest management and wildfire management practices have some potential to counteract the impacts of a changing climate. Meteorological fire danger indices evaluate and summarize the fire danger considering ...

References

  1. Alexander, M.E., 2008. Proposed revision of fire danger class criteria for forest and rural areas in New Zealand. Christchurch: National Rural Fire Authority, Wellington, in association with the Scion Rural Fire Research Group.
  2. Balshi, M.S., McGuire, A.D., Duffy, P., Flannigan, M., Walsh, J., Melillo, J., 2009. Assessing the response of area burned to changing climate in western boreal North America using a Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS) approach. Global Change Biology, 15, 578-600.
 

Harmonized classification scheme of fire causes in the EU adopted for the European Fire Database of EFFIS

  

Abstract

The information on the causes of forest fires is of paramount importance to support the environmental and civil protection policies and design appropriate prevention measure. At the European level a simple common scheme with 4 fire causes classes (deliberate, accident/negligence, natural and unknown) has been used to record information on fire causes since 1992. European countries use national schemes which in most cases are much more detailed than the simple 4 common classes, but they are not harmonized and detailed cross ...

 

Natural hazards monitoring: forest fires, droughts and floods - The example of European pilot projects

  
Surveys in Geophysics, Vol. 21, No. 2-3. (2000), pp. 291-305, https://doi.org/10.1023/a%3a1006750412500

Abstract

This paper reviews the subject of natural hazards and the use of existing remote sensing systems in the different phases of disaster management for some specific natural hazards: forest fires, droughts and floods. It centers on the applicability of remote sensing for increasing preparedness, providing early warnings, monitoring the hazards in real time, and assessing the damage so that relief can be provided. Comparison of the information provided by existing systems and that needed for operational use of remote sensing in ...

 

Advances in remote sensing and GIS applications in support of forest fire management

  
International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 23, No. 5. (2014), 603, https://doi.org/10.1071/wf14117

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] In recent years, the importance of wildfires as a natural or a human-induced phenomenon has gained recognition not only at local but also at regional and global levels. Improved remote sensing and computational capabilities enable the rapid processing of large image datasets in near-real time. As a result, remote sensing and geographic information systems are becoming common tools for fire monitoring at local, regional and global levels [...]. [\n] Wildland fires, a hot topic of research since the early days of ...

 

Stability of atmospheric flow and low-level jets influencing forest fire behavior - An EFFIS report

  
Vol. EUR 27362 EN (2015), https://doi.org/10.2788/54976

Abstract

During the past years, there have been a considerable number of occasions that a forest fire burns with such strong intensity that seems far out of proportion to apparent burning conditions. This proved to be the case for the Sweden fire "blow-up" that took place during 4 August 2014 between Sala and Surahammar municipalities. The fire broke out after an unusual spell of hot, dry summer weather in northern Europe and proved to be the Sweden's largest wildfire in 40 years ...

References

  1. Anderson, H.E., 1982. Aids to determining fuel models for estimating fire behaviors. General Technical Report INT - 122. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_int/int_gtr122.pdf .
  2. Andersson, E., Fisher, M., Hólm, E., Isaksen, L., Radnóti, G., Trémolet, Y., 2005. Will the 4D-Var approach be defeated by nonlinearity? ECMWF Tech Memo 479. http://www.ecmwf.int/publications .
  3. Bally, J., 1995. The Haines Index as a predictor of fire activity in
 

Accuracy assessment of a remote sensing-based, pan-European forest cover map using multi-country national forest inventory data

  
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, Vol. 6, No. 1. (February 2013), pp. 54-65, https://doi.org/10.1109/jstars.2012.2236079

Abstract

A pan-European forest cover map (FMAP2006) was produced using a novel automated classification approach using remotely sensed data from fine resolution satellite instruments. In contrast to previous classification accuracy assessments of such continental scale land cover products, the current study aimed for a reliable assessment at different geographical levels: pan-European, regional and local level. A unique data set consisting of detailed field inventory plots was provided via a collaboration with the national forest inventories (NFIs) in Europe. Close to 900,000 field ...

 

European atlas of forest tree species

  
Keywords: bioeconomy   chorology   classification   climate   constrained-spatial-multi-frequency-analysis   data-heterogeneity   data-integration   data-uncertainty   disasters   disturbances   ecological-zones   ecology   ecosystem-services   europe   floods   forest-fires   forest-pests   forest-resources   free-software   geospatial   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   gis   gnu-bash   gnu-linux   gnu-octave   habitat-suitability   integrated-modelling   integrated-natural-resources-modelling-and-management   integration-techniques   knowledge-integration   landslides   mastrave-modelling-library   modelling-uncertainty   open-data   paleoecology   relative-distance-similarity   reproducible-research   review   science-policy-interface   science-society-interface   semantic-array-programming   semantic-constraints   semantics   semap   software-uncertainty   soil-erosion   soil-resources   species-distribution   tree-species   uncertainty   water-resources   windstorm  

Abstract

[Excerpt] The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is the first comprehensive publication of such a unique and essential environmental resource, that is, our trees. Leading scientists and forestry professionals have contributed in the many stages of the production of this atlas, through the collection of ground data on the location of tree species, elaboration of the distribution and suitability maps, production of the photographic material and compilation of the different chapters. The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is both ...

 

European forest ecosystems - State and trends

  
Vol. 5/2016 (21 March 2016), https://doi.org/10.2800/964893

Abstract

[Executive summary] The importance of forests with regard to supporting human needs is considerable. [\n] Forests are rich in biodiversity and valuable for recreation, water regulation and soil protection. [\n] As well as for providing timber and other non-wood forest products, forests are important for mitigating climate change and for the renewable energy sector. [\n] Forest ecosystems are exposed to a range of environmental, economic and social pressures that challenge their sustainability. The forest sector is influenced by the unprecedented pressures arising from climate change and the growing demands of society on natural resources. ...

References

  1. Agenda 21, 2016. http://rod.eionet.europa.eu/instruments/573 , accessed 25 February 2016.
  2. Adams, M. A., 2013. Mega-fires, tipping points and ecosystem services: Managing forests and woodlands in an uncertain future. Forest Ecology and Management, 294, 250–261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.11.039 .
  3. Aggestam, F., Weiss, G., 2011. An updated and further elaborated policy database and a tested prototype of policy analysis interface for ToSIA, EFI Technical Report 38, European Forest Institute, Joensuu.
 

Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2014

  

Abstract

This is the 15th issue of the EFFIS annual report on forest fires for the year 2014. This report is consolidated as highly appreciated documentation of the previous year's forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa. In its different sections, the report includes information on the evolution of fire danger in the European and Mediterranean regions, the damage caused by fires and detailed description of the fire conditions during the 2014 fire campaign in the majority of countries in the EFFIS network The ...

 

An indicator framework for assessing ecosystem services in support of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020

  
Ecosystem Services, Vol. 17 (February 2016), pp. 14-23, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2015.10.023

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] EU Member states have to map and assess ecosystems and their services (MAES). [::] We present the MAES conceptual model which links biodiversity to human wellbeing. [::] Typologies of ecosystems and their services ensure comparability across countries. [::] We present a list of indicators that can be used for national MAES assessments. [::] We critically discuss the data gaps and challenges of the MAES typologies. [Abstract] In the EU, the mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services, abbreviated to MAES, is seen as a key ...

Visual summary


 

Mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services indicators for ecosystem assessments under action 5 of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020: 2nd report - final, February 2014

  

Abstract

The second MAES report presents indicators that can be used at European and Member State's level to map and assess biodiversity, ecosystem condition and ecosystem services according to the Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES v4.3). This work is based on a review of data and indicators available at national and European level and is applying the MAES analytical framework adopted in 2013. ...

 

State of Europe's forests 2015

  
(2015)

Abstract

The Summary for Policy Makers is a brief document based on information included in the “State of Europe’s Forests 2015”report. This document off ers a comprehensive overview of European forests, their current status, trends and policy responses related to them, as well as an insight into sustainable forest management (SFM) in Europe. [\n] The State of Europe’s Forests 2015 report will, along with other publications, serve as background information for political discussions on future opportunities and challenges, and the associated political responses. This report is focused on the current status and ...

References

  1. Alberdi, I., Michalak, R., Fischer, C., Gasparini, P., Brändli, U.-B., Tomter, S.M., Kuliesis, A., Snorrason, A., Redmond, J., Hernández, L., Cañellas, I., Lanz, A., Vidondo, A., Stoyanov, N., Stoyanova, M., Vestman, M., Barreiro, S., Vidal, C. (Submitted). A common FAWS definition is of major importance for the results of any simulation of the European Forest projections. Annals of Forest Science.
  2. Berg, A., Ehnström, B., Gustafsson, L., Hallingbäck, T., Jonsell, M., Weslien, J., 1994. Threatened
 

Metadata model for the European forest information and communication platform

  
International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, Vol. 2 (2007), pp. 112-131

Abstract

This paper describes the metadata model conceived for the future European Forest Information and Communication Platform (EFICP). The core of the platform, currently under implementation in the scope of a two-year project funded by the European Commission, is given by a repository of metadata that describes the available information resources. These are distinguished in terms of resource categories (common / bibliographic resources, news, spatial data information services and statistical data) and are treated in a ...

 

The Global Forest Trade Model GFTM

  

Abstract

A meaningful assessment of policy options within the forest-based bioeconomy presupposes the capability to model market implications. To this end, an economic forest-based sector model, the Global Forest Trade Model (GFTM), is being developed at the Forest Resources and Climate unit of the Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES). The GFTM is an equilibrium trade-based model for the forest sector with the aim of providing projections of production and trade of wood-based products and pellets for 48 countries/sub-regions of the world, ...

References

  1. European Commission 2013. A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector, COM(2013) 659 final, European Union Official Journal C 056, 26/02/1999, p. 0001 – 0004.
  2. Fonseca, M. 2010. Forest product conversion factors for the UNECE region. Geneva Timber and Forest Discussion Paper 49; UNECE/FAO: Geneva, Switzerland. ISSN 1020-7228.
  3. Jonsson, R. 2011. Trends and Possible Future Developments in Global Forest-Product Markets—Implications for the Swedish Forest Sector. Forests 2, 147-167.
 

Assessing the potential distribution of insect pests: case studies on large pine weevil (Hylobius abietis L) and horse-chestnut leaf miner (Cameraria ohridella) under present and future climate conditions in European forests

  
EPPO Bulletin, Vol. 45, No. 2. (1 August 2015), pp. 273-281, https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12208

Abstract

Forest insect pests represent a serious threat to European forests and their negative effects could be exacerbated by climate change. This paper illustrates how species distribution modelling integrated with host tree species distribution data can be used to assess forest vulnerability to this threat. Two case studies are used: large pine weevil (Hylobius abietis L) and horse-chestnut leaf miner (Cameraria ohridella Deschka & Dimič) both at pan-European level. The proposed approach integrates information from different sources. Occurrence data of insect pests ...

Visual summary

 

Developing a spatially-explicit pan-European dataset of forest biomass increment

  
In 22nd European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (2014), pp. 41-46, https://doi.org/10.5071/22ndEUBCE2014-1AO.8.1

Abstract

Among the services provided by forest ecosystems, biomass is one of the most important. Nevertheless, spatially explicit data on forest biomass increment is rarely available for large regions. Thus the aim of this study is to develop a methodology for the spatial assessment of forest biomass increment at the panEuropean level. To address this aim, we used MODIS GPP data (NASA Product MOD17A3) adjusted with GPP data derived from upscaling FLUXNET observations using the Model Tree Ensemble (MTE) technique (Jung et ...

 

An integrated modelling framework for the forest-based bioeconomy

  
IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 7, No. 2. (2014), 908802, https://doi.org/10.1101/011932

Abstract

This paper describes the conceptual design of a regional modelling framework to assess scenarios for the forest-based bioeconomy. The framework consists of a core set of tools: a partial equilibrium model for the forest sector, a forestry dynamics model for forest growth and harvest and a wood resources balance sheet. The framework can be expanded to include an energy model, a land use model and a forest owner decision model. This partially integrated, multi-disciplinary modelling framework is described, with particular emphasis ...

Visual summary

  • Figure:65%: http://earthzine.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/table112.png
  • Source: http://earthzine.org/?p=908802
  • Caption: Summary of tools in assessing the forest-based sector of the bioeconomy. The core required tools are shaded in grey, while others are extensions of the framework. [It is] an overview of the tools (models and datasets) that could be used for the assessment of the forest-sector related aspects of the bioeconomy. We have separated the tools
 

Evaluation of BioSoil demonstration project: forest biodiversity - Analysis of biodiversity module

  
EUR - Scientific and Technical Research, Vol. 24777 (2011), https://doi.org/10.2788/84823

Abstract

The BioSoil demonstration Project was initiated under the Forest Focus-Scheme (Regulation (EC) Nr. 2152/2003) concerning the monitoring of forests and environmental interactions in the Community, and aimed to broaden the scope of previous forest monitoring activities (on atmospheric pollution and forest fires) to the fields of soil characteristics and biodiversity indicators. The results presented here are from the Biodiversity module in which various aspects of forest biodiversity, including species composition, structural elements and deadwood, were assessed over 3379 plots in Europe. ...

References

  1. Annoni, A., Luzet, C., Gubler, E., Ihde, J., 2003. Map Projections for Europe. In, Luxembourg, p. 131.
  2. Breiman, L., Friedman, J.H., Olshen, R.A., Stone, C.J., 1984. Classification and Regression Trees.
  3. Chapman & Hall, New York, .
  4. Granke, O., 2006. ForestBIOTA Work Report: Assessment of Ground vegetation. In. Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest Products (BFH), Hamburg, Germany, p. 20.
  5. Shannon, C.E., 1948. A Mathematical
 

Development of a methodology for the analysis of socio-economic impact of forest fires in Europe

  
In The 5th International Wildland Fire Conference (May 2011)
 

Towards a Forest Information System for Europe

  
In Database and Expert Systems Applications, 2005. Proceedings. Sixteenth International Workshop on (August 2005), pp. 669-673, https://doi.org/10.1109/dexa.2005.190

Abstract

Forests cover over 30% of the European territory in the 25 Member States of the European Union. The maintenance and enhancement of the forest ecosystem is widely recognized as one of the main goals in preserving Europe's environment. Despite of this, the knowledge on Europe's forests is still very limited. This lack of knowledge is related to many intrinsic problems in the European Union, going from different terminologies and methods in data collection at the regional and national levels to the ...

 

Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2011

  

Abstract

This is the 12th "Forest fires in Europe" report published by the European Commission. The area covered by the report has been enlarged to include also Middle East and North Africa countries, thus also the title of the report has been changed accordingly. The report contains a summary of the 2011 fire season in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa with official statistics of the number of fires and burned area compiled by the contributing countries. In addition to country ...

 

Forest Fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2013

  

Abstract

This is the 14-th Forest Fires in Europe report published by the European Commission. The report contains a summary of the 2013 fire season in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa with official statistics on the number of fires and burnt areas compiled by the contributing countries. In addition to country reports with a summary of the 2013 fire season provided by the countries, the report Forest Fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa informs about the latest developments ...

 

Forest fires and adaptation options in Europe

  
Regional Environmental Change, Vol. 16, No. 1. (2016), pp. 21-30, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-014-0621-0

Abstract

This paper presents a quantitative assessment of adaptation options in the context of forest fires in Europe under projected climate change. A standalone fire model (SFM) based on a state-of-the-art large-scale forest fire modelling algorithm is used to explore fuel removal through prescribed burnings and improved fire suppression as adaptation options. The climate change projections are provided by three climate models reflecting the SRES A2 scenario. The SFM’s modelled burned areas for selected test countries in Europe show satisfying agreement with ...

 

Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2012

  

Abstract

This is the 13th Forest Fires in Europe report published by the European Commission. The area covered by the report includes also Middle East and North Africa countries, thus the title has been changed accordingly. The report contains a summary of the 2012 fire season in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa with official statistics on the number of fires and burnt areas compiled by the contributing countries. In addition to country reports with a summary of the past fire ...

 

Assessing the potential distribution of insect pests under current and future climatic conditions in European forests using host data

  
In EFSA-EPPO Joint Workshop on Data collection and information sharing in plant health (April 2014), 16

Abstract

In this study we propose a methodology for assessing forest vulnerability to insect pests at pan-European level. Two insect pests are used for testing and validating a methodology that could be extended to other forest insect pests. Our results highlight the strengths of the approach, facilitate information sharing with decision makers and discuss the limitations, including data availability of forests insect pests. Forest insect pests represent a serious threat to European forests and their effects could be exacerbated by warmer climatic conditions. ...

 

A fast and unbiased procedure to randomize ecological binary matrices with fixed row and column totals

  
Nature Communications, Vol. 5 (11 June 2014), https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5114

Abstract

A well-known problem in numerical ecology is how to recombine presence-absence matrices without altering row and column totals. A few solutions have been proposed, but all of them present some issues in terms of statistical robustness (that is, their capability to generate different matrix configurations with the same probability) and their performance (that is, the computational effort that they require to generate a null matrix). Here we introduce the ‘Curveball algorithm’, a new procedure that differs from existing methods in that ...

 

Developing a forest naturalness indicator for Europe - Concept and methodology for a high nature value forest indicator

  
(2014)

Abstract

[Excerpt] European forests represent around 25% of world’s forests and are the result of complex interactions between man and environment over the last thousands of years. Over more than 200 years, the forest cover has steadily increased in Europe. Intensive afforestation and reforestation projects were started in many countries since the beginning of the 1800’ies as a response to the lack of timber resources. In more recent times, urban areas have increased determining a stronger pressure on natural and semi-natural environments. ...

References

  1. Anderson, J.E., 1991. A conceptual framework for evaluating and quantifying naturalness. Conservation Biology, 5 (1991), pp. 347–352.
  2. Andersen, E., Baldock, D., Bennett, H., Beaufoy, G., Bignal, E., Brouwer, F., Elbersen, B., Eiden, G., Godeschalk, F., Jones, G., McCracken, D.I., Nieuwenhuizen, W., van Eupen, M., Hennekens, S. & Zervas, G., 2003. Developing a high nature value indicator. Report for the European Environment Agency, Copenhagen.
  3. Angermeier, P.L. 2000. The natural imperative for
 

Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services - An analytical framework for ecosystem assessments under action 5 of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020

  

Abstract

Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 calls Member States to map and assess the state of ecosystems and their services in their national territory with the assistance of the European Commission. The objective of this discussion paper is to support the development of a coherent analytical framework to be applied by the EU and its Member States in order to ensure consistent approaches are used. In line with the Millennium Ecosystem assessment, the objective of the EU assessment ...

References

  1. European Commission (2011). Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020. COM(2011) 244. Brussels
  2. Sukhdev, P. (2011). Putting a Price on Nature: The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity. Solutions 1(6):34-43.
  3. Maes, J., Paracchini, M.P., Zulian, G., Alkemade, R. (2012). Synergies and trade-offs between ecosystem service supply, biodiversity and habitat conservation status in Europe. Biological Conservation 155:1-12.
  4. Haines-Young, R., Potschin, M., Kienast, F. (2012). Indicators
 

State of Mediterranean forests 2013

  
(2013)

Abstract

[Abstract] Forest ecosystems and other wooded lands are an important component of landscapes in the Mediterranean region, contributing significantly to rural development, poverty alleviation and food security. They are sources of wood, cork, energy, food and incomes, and they provide important ecosystem services such as biodiversity conservation, soil and water protection, recreation and carbon storage. They are crucial for many of the region’s economic sectors, such as food supply, agriculture, soil and water conservation, drinking water supply, tourism and energy. The ...

 

Connectivity of Natura 2000 forest sites - Executive report

  
Reference Report by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. EUR – Scientific and Technical Research, Vol. 26087, No. JRC 83104. (2013)

Abstract

The newly adopted Green Infrastructure Strategy is a key step in implementing targets of the European Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 (EBS). This study responds to policy needs for target 2 on ecosystems conditions and services, target 1 on implementing and enhancing coherence of the Natura 2000 network and sub-target 3b on integrating environmental concerns in forest management. Protected areas such as Natura 2000 sites form the backbone of Green Infrastructure. Their connectivity and integration in the unprotected landscape are essential to ...

References

  1. Bennet, J., 2010. OpenStreetMap: be your own cartographer. Birmingham, UK: PCKT. ISBN 978-1-847197-50-4
  2. Bennett, G., and Mulongoy, K.J., 2006. Review of experience with ecological networks, corridors and buffer zones. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Technical Series no. 23, 100 pages. ISBN: 92-9225-042-6 http://www.cbd.int/doc/reviews/pa/rev-eco-networks.pdf
  3. Bergsten, A., Bodin, O., Ecke, F., 2013. Protected areas in a landscape dominated by logging – A connectivity analysis that integrates varying protection
 

Climate impacts in Europe - The JRC PESETA II project

  
edited by J. C. Ciscar

Abstract

The objective of the JRC PESETA II project is to gain insights into the sectoral and regional patterns of climate change impacts in Europe by the end of this century. The study uses a large set of climate model runs and impact categories (ten impacts: agriculture, energy, river floods, droughts, forest fires, transport infrastructure, coasts, tourism, habitat suitability of forest tree species and human health). The project integrates biophysical direct climate impacts into a macroeconomic economic model, which enables the comparison ...

References

  1. Aaheim, A., Amundsen, H., Dokken, T., Wei, T., 2012. Impacts and Adaptation to Climate Change in European Economies. Global Environmental Change 22(4), 959-968. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.06.005 .
  2. Alley, R.B., Whillans, I.M., 1991. Changes in the West Antarctic ice sheet. Science 254 (5034), 959–963. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.254.5034.959 .
  3. Anstey, J., Davini, P., Gray, L., Woollings, T., 2012. Multi-model analysis of winter blocking and tropospheric jet variability: The roles of horizontal and vertical resolution. Submitted to J.
 

Supporting EFSA assessment of the EU environmental suitability for exotic forestry pests: final report

  
EFSA Supporting Publications, Vol. 11, No. 3. (19 March 2014), EN-434, https://doi.org/10.2903/sp.efsa.2014.EN-434

Abstract

An updated series of distribution maps of more than 50 taxa, mainly of forest tree species, is presented along with the description of involved materials, inventory data and ancillary datasets, data-processing and modelling methods. Different methodologies are discussed and corresponding specific maps are presented for supporting the assessment on emerging plant pest risks. Updated maps of taxa habitat suitability are also presented. Maps, material and methods for supporting the risk assessment on Phytophthora ramorum for the European territory and for supporting ...

References

  1. Abelleira, A., Picoaga, A., Mansilla, J. P., Aguin, O., 2011. Detection of Bursaphelenchus Xylophilus, Causal Agent of Pine Wilt Disease on Pinus pinaster in Northwestern Spain. Plant Disease 95 (6), 776. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-12-10-0902
  2. Athar, M., Nasir, S. M., 2005. Taxonomic perspective of plant species yielding vegetable oils used in cosmetics and skin care products. African Journal of Biotechnology 4 (1) 36-44.
  3. Badal, E., 2001. La recolección de piñas durante
 

Design and function of the European Forest Fire Information System

  
Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, Vol. 79, No. 10. (1 October 2013), pp. 965-973, https://doi.org/10.14358/pers.79.10.965

Abstract

The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) is a modular decision support system that monitors forest fires at a continental scale. It delivers real-time, multi-dimensional data on forest fires to civil protection and fire fighting services in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle-East. Since its inception in 2001, EFFIS has evolved into the central reference point for pan-European forest and wildfire information, and this paper describes and current applications demonstrate the state-of-the-art fire information systems that provide data to civil protection ...

 

Modeling biomass burning and related carbon emissions during the 21st century in Europe

  
Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 118, No. 4. (December 2013), pp. 1732-1747, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jg002444

Abstract

In this study we present an assessment of the impact of future climate change on total fire probability, burned area, and carbon (C) emissions from fires in Europe. The analysis was performed with the Community Land Model (CLM) extended with a prognostic treatment of fires that was specifically refined and optimized for application over Europe. Simulations over the 21st century are forced by five different high-resolution Regional Climate Models under the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios A1B. Both original and bias-corrected ...

 

Identifying strengths and limitations of pan-European forest cover maps through spatial comparison

  
International Journal of Geographical Information Science, Vol. 25, No. 11. (21 October 2011), pp. 1865-1884, https://doi.org/10.1080/13658816.2011.562211

Abstract

Detailed and harmonized information on spatial forest distribution is an essential input for forest-related environmental assessments, in particular, for biomass and growing stock modeling. In the last years, several mapping approaches have been developed in order to provide such information for Europe in a harmonized way. Each of these maps exhibits particular properties and varies in accuracy. Yet, they are often used in parallel for different modeling purposes. A detailed spatial comparison seemed necessary in order to provide information on the ...

 

The EFFIS forest fire atmospheric emission model: application to a major fire event in Portugal

  
Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 84 (February 2014), pp. 355-362, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.11.059
Keywords: effis   fire-emissions   modelling   portugal   wildfires  

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] The new forest fire emission model developed for the EFFIS system is tested. [::] A large forest fire event occurred in 2011 in Portugal was selected for study case. [::] Hourly emissions were calculated for all gas and particulate pollutants. [::] These fire emissions represent more than 90% of the total annual amount emitted. [::] The impact of these forest fire emissions on air quality is also addressed. [Abstract] Forest fires are a major contributor of gaseous and particulate compounds to the atmosphere, impairing air quality ...

 

Mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services - An analytical framework for ecosystem assessments under action 5 of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020

  
(April 2013)

Abstract

Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 calls Member States to map and assess the state of ecosystems and their services in their national territory with the assistance of the European Commission. The objective of this discussion paper is to support the development of a coherent analytical framework to be applied by the EU and its Member States in order to ensure consistent approaches are used. In line with the Millennium Ecosystem assessment, the objective of the EU assessment ...

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