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Selection: Roques:A [8 articles] 

Publications by author Roques:A.
 

Plant health surveys for the EU territory: an analysis of data quality and methodologies and the resulting uncertainties for pest risk assessment (PERSEUS) CFP/EFSA/PLH/2010/01

  
EFSA Supporting Publications, Vol. 11, No. 10. (October 2014), 676E, https://doi.org/10.2903/sp.efsa.2014.en-676

Abstract

Plant health surveys are used to control the introduction, establishment and spread of economically injurious organisms within the EU and requirements are set out in statutory obligations. However, the methodologies used to conduct the surveys are not defined and therefore the quality of survey data is seen as a significant potential source of uncertainty. The project has examined ...

 

No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide

  
Nature Communications, Vol. 8 (15 February 2017), 14435, https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14435

Abstract

Although research on human-mediated exchanges of species has substantially intensified during the last centuries, we know surprisingly little about temporal dynamics of alien species accumulations across regions and taxa. Using a novel database of 45,813 first records of 16,926 established alien species, we show that the annual rate of first records worldwide has increased during the last 200 years, with 37% of all first records reported most recently (1970–2014). Inter-continental and inter-taxonomic variation can be largely attributed to the diaspora of ...

 

Development of probabilistic models for quantitative pathway analysis of plant pests introduction for the EU territory

  
EFSA Supporting Publications, Vol. 12, No. 9. (1 September 2015), pp. n/a-n/a, https://doi.org/10.2903/sp.efsa.2015.en-809

Abstract

The aim of this report is to provide EFSA with probabilistic models for quantitative pathway analysis of plant pest introduction for the EU territory through non-edible plant products or plants. [\n] We first provide a conceptualization of two types of pathway models. The individual based PM simulates an individual consignment (or a population of such consignment) by describing the stochastic change in the state of the individual consignment over time and space. The flow-based PM, simulates the flow of infested product over ...

 

Planting sentinel European trees in Eastern Asia as a novel method to identify potential insect pest invaders

  
PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 5. (20 May 2015), e0120864, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120864

Abstract

Quarantine measures to prevent insect invasions tend to focus on well-known pests but a large proportion of the recent invaders were not known to cause significant damage in their native range, or were not even known to science before their introduction. A novel method is proposed to detect new potential pests of woody plants in their region of origin before they are introduced to a new continent. Since Asia is currently considered to be the main supplier of insect invaders to ...

 

Seed-infesting chalcids of the genus Megastigmus Dalman, 1820 (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) native and introduced to the West Palearctic region: taxonomy, host specificity and distribution

  
Journal of Natural History, Vol. 37, No. 2. (1 January 2003), pp. 127-238, https://doi.org/10.1080/713834669

Abstract

A total of 21 species (including one new to science) of Megastigmus seed chalcids are recognized in Europe, North Africa and Asia Minor. From 1977 to 2001, 5260 seed samples were collected from a total of 118 tree and shrub species. Megastigmus spp. were found in 29 of the native conifers of genera Abies, Cedrus, Cupressus, Juniperus, Larix and Picea, in 43 of the exotic conifer species introduced to Europe, in 28 species of Rosaceae (Amelanchier, Rosa, Sorbus) and in nine ...

 

Expansion of geographic range in the pine processionary moth caused by increased winter temperatures

  
Ecological Applications, Vol. 15, No. 6. (December 2005), pp. 2084-2096, https://doi.org/10.1890/04-1903

Abstract

Global warming is predicted to cause distributional changes in organisms whose geographic ranges are controlled by temperature. We report a recent latitudinal and altitudinal expansion of the pine processionary moth, Thaumetopoea pityocampa, whose larvae build silk nests and feed on pine foliage in the winter. In north-central France (Paris Basin), its range boundary has shifted by 87 km northwards between 1972 and 2004; in northern Italy (Alps), an altitudinal shift of 110–230 m upwards occurred between 1975 and 2004. By experimentally ...

 

Alien species in a warmer world: risks and opportunities

  
Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 24, No. 12. (25 December 2009), pp. 686-693, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2009.06.008

Abstract

Climate change and biological invasions are key processes affecting global biodiversity, yet their effects have usually been considered separately. Here, we emphasise that global warming has enabled alien species to expand into regions in which they previously could not survive and reproduce. Based on a review of climate-mediated biological invasions of plants, invertebrates, fishes and birds, we discuss the ways in which climate change influences biological invasions. We emphasise the role of alien species in a more dynamic context of shifting ...

 

Global warming and changes in geographic range of plant pests: the case of the pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa

  
In EFSA's 16th Scientific Colloquium on emerging risks in plant health: from plant pest interactions to global change (09 June 2011)

Abstract

Originally from the Mediterranean area, the pine processionary moth (PPM) is now expanding its range towards higher latitudes and altitudes. This expansion has been shown to be related to global warming. Because PPM larvae develop during winter, their survival is highly sensitive to small variations in temperature. Temperatures lower than -16 °C are lethal but larval survival is also dependent on feeding possibilities. A day temperature in the nest higher than 9 °C is necessary to induce feeding during the following ...

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