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Selection: Rizzoli:A [31 articles] 

Publications by author Rizzoli:A.

Lexicographic optimisation for water resources planning: the case of Lake Verbano, Italy

In Proceedings of the iEMSs First Biennial Meeting: Integrated Assessment and Decision Support (2002), pp. 235-240


Lake Verbano is a natural lake used as multipurpose reservoir. The lake supplies water for irrigation and hydropower generation to downstream users, while flood controls are applied to protect the lake shores and the downstream populations on the Ticino river, and environmental preservation constraints must be respected. All these objectives are conflicting and they have different priorities, as stated by the Italian regulation on water use. This paper explores a methodology aimed at solving this conflict. The stakeholders involvement in the ...


The SmartH2O project and the role of social computing in promoting efficient residential water use: a first analysis

In Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software, June 15-19, San Diego, California, USA (2014)


SmartH2O is an EU funded project which aims at creating a virtuous feedback cycle between water users and the utilities, providing users information on their consumption in quasi real time, and thus enabling water utilities to plan and implement strategies to reduce/reallocate water consumption. Traditional metering data, usually gathered twice a year, can be used to model consumers’ behaviour at an aggregate level, but the motivations and individual attitudes of consumers are hidden. The advent of smart water meters allows gathering high frequency consumption data that ...


W(h)ither the Oracle? Cognitive biases and other human challenges of integrated environmental modeling

In Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software, June 15-19, San Diego, California, USA (2014), 113


Integrated environmental modeling (IEM) can organize and increase our knowledge of the complex, dynamic ecosystems that house our natural resources and control the quality of our environments. Human behavior, however, must be taken into account. Human biases/heuristics reflect adaptation over our evolutionary past to frequently experienced situations that affected our survival and that provided sharply distinguished feedbacks at the level of the individual. Unfortunately, human behavior is not adapted to the more diffusely experienced, less frequently encountered, problems and issues that ...


A web accessible environmental model base: a tool for natural resources management

In MODSIM 1997 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation Proceedings (1997), pp. 657-663


An environmental model base, accessible via the World-Wide Web, is presented. The information stored in this model base can be retrieved using various methods such as structured queries, full text search, exact and approximate keyword search. These search tools help the environmental modeller to find a suitable model to solve their modelling problem. The modeller is then presented with a set of information, regarding the models matching the query, including source and executable code, user manuals, and references to supplemental documentation. ...


  1. Abel, D.J., K. L. Taylor, D. Kuo, Integrating modelling systems for environmental management infomuttion systems, ACM Sigmod, 26(1), 1997a.
  2. Abel, D.J., V. Garde, K. L Taylor, X. Zhou, SMART: towards Internet marketplaces, Technical Report, CSIRO Mathematical and Information Sciences, Canberra, Australia, 1997b.
  3. Ba, S., R. Kalakota, A.B. Whinston. Using client-broker-server architecture for Intranet decision support. . Decision Support Systems, 19(3), 1997.
  4. Berners-Lee, T., R. CaiHatt, A.

A component-based framework for simulating agricultural production and externalities

In Environmental and Agricultural Modeling: (2010), pp. 63-108,


Although existing simulation tools can be used to study the impact of agricultural management on production activities in specific environments, they suffer from several limitations. They are largely specialized for specific production activities: arable crops/cropping systems, grassland, orchards, agro-forestry, livestock etc. Also, they often have a restricted ability to simulate system externalities which may have a negative environmental impact. Furthermore, the structure of such systems neither allows an easy plug-in of modules for other agricultural production activities, nor the use of ...


Integrated assessment of agricultural systems – A component-based framework for the European Union (SEAMLESS)

Agricultural Systems, Vol. 96, No. 1-3. (March 2008), pp. 150-165,


Agricultural systems continuously evolve and are forced to change as a result of a range of global and local driving forces. Agricultural technologies and agricultural, environmental and rural development policies are increasingly designed to contribute to the sustainability of agricultural systems and to enhance contributions of agricultural systems to sustainable development at large. The effectiveness and efficiency of such policies and technological developments in realizing desired contributions could be greatly enhanced if the quality of their ex-ante assessments were improved. Four ...


Enriching environmental software model interfaces through ontology-based tools

International Journal of Applied Systemic Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1/2. (2011), 94,


Common practice has proven that software implementations of environmental models are seldom reused by broader communities or in different modelling frameworks. One of the reasons for this situation is the poor semantics of model interfaces. Model interfaces embrace a critical amount of the modelers' knowledge, but their software implementations can be considered as 'poor reflections' of modelers' perceptions, as they fail to represent the complexity of model assumptions in software terms. This paper addresses the problem by adopting an ontology-driven approach ...


Ontology for Seamless Integration of Agricultural Data and Models

In Metadata and Semantic Research, Vol. 46 (2009), pp. 282-293,


This paper presents a set of ontologies developed in order to facilitate the integration of a variety of combinatorial, simulation and optimization models related to agriculture. The developed ontologies have been exploited in the software lifecycle, by using them to specify data communication across the models, and with a relational database. The Seamless ontologies provide with definitions for crops and crop products, agricultural feasibility filters, agricultural management, and economic valuation of crop products, and agricultural and environmental policy, which are in ...


Delivering Environmental Knowledge: a Semantic Approach

In EnviroInfo 2007 (Warschau) Environmental Informatics and Systems Research (2007), pp. 43-50


Environmental informatics delivers techniques and tools for archiving and processing environmental data. The advent of the Internet had positively affected the availability and ease of access to large and diverse environmental databases, distributed all over the world. On the other hand, similar progress has not been matched by the availability of models and algorithms able to process these data, mostly because of the lack of standards in the annotation of the characteristics of environmental models. In this paper we advocate the need for the semantic ...


data-based mechanistic and top-down modelling

In Proceedings of the 1st Biennial Meeting of the iEMSs "Integrated Assessment and Decision Support" (2002)


The paper discusses the problems associated with environmental modelling and the need to develop simple, ‘top-down’, stochastic models that match the information content of the data. It introduces the concept of Data-Based Mechanistic (DBM) modelling and contrasts its inductive approach with the hypothetico-deductive approaches that dominate most environmental modelling research at the present time. The major methodological procedures utilized in DBM modelling are outlined and two practical examples illustrate how it has been applied in a hydrological and water quality context. The use of this same ...


Software Support for Sustainable Supply Chain Configuration and Management

In ICT Innovations for Sustainability, Vol. 310 (2015), pp. 271-283,


A methodology for the inclusion of sustainability assessment in the design of supply chains is introduced, with the aim of taking into account a sustainability perspective in logistics and industrial allocation choices. The presented approach is based on the initial collection and organization of data related to all stages of the product life cycle and of the possible alternative choices to be made for each production and transport stage. An optimization algorithm is then used to prune the space of alternative ...


Selecting among five common modelling approaches for integrated environmental assessment and management

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 47 (September 2013), pp. 159-181,


[Highlights] [::] We review five common integrated modelling approaches. [::] Model choice considers purpose, data type, scale and uncertainty treatment. [::] We present a guiding framework for selecting the most appropriate approach. [Abstract] The design and implementation of effective environmental policies need to be informed by a holistic understanding of the system processes (biophysical, social and economic), their complex interactions, and how they respond to various changes. Models, integrating different system processes into a unified framework, are seen as useful tools to help ...


Supporting environmental and energy decisions through an open software structure

In Proceedings of the iEMSs Third Biennial Meeting: "Summit on Environmental Modelling and Software" (July 2006)


Public participation to environmental planning and management decisions, as suggested by local Agenda 21 processes, can be supported by software tools developed with a cyclic interaction with all the stakeholders and simple enough to be quickly operated by a large set of heterogeneous users. This also helps preventing their rapid aging and their excessive dependence on changing technologies. We experimented the development of such software tools using an Office type environment to store data, analyse, and geographically represent the effects of ...


Delivering environmental decision support systems: software tools and techniques

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 12, No. 2-3. (January 1997), pp. 237-249,


A suite of “desirable features” for Environmental Decision Support Systems (EDSS) is proposed by identifying the general attributes of environmental systems which are of importance to modelling and simulation, and the different categories of users of EDSSs. With these features as a guide, a review and discussion of the approaches to delivering Environmental Decision Support Systems is presented. The two most efficient approaches are: (i) the use of modelling and simulation software tools, and (ii) the use of model integration and ...


Identification of model structure via qualitative simulation

Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on, Vol. 22, No. 5. (September 1992), pp. 1075-1086,


Different approaches and programs for qualitative simulation are briefly reviewed to illustrate the characteristic features of QUALSIM, an object-oriented package for supporting the identification of the structure of dynamic systems. The package is based on a qualitative interface and a stochastic calculus using variables' ranges defined in the real number space. The intuitive way of defining variables and connections and the possibility of avoiding the definitions of equations linking the variables make it possible to use the package for fast model ...


Putting humans in the loop: Social computing for Water Resources Management

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 37 (November 2012), pp. 68-77,


The advent of online services, social networks, crowdsourcing, and serious Web games has promoted the emergence of a novel computation paradigm, where complex tasks are solved by exploiting the capacity of human beings and computer platforms in an integrated way. Water Resources Management systems can take advantage of human and social computation in several ways: collecting and validating data, complementing the analytic knowledge embodied in models with tacit knowledge from individuals and communities, using human sensors to monitor the variation of ...


Outstanding reviewers for environmental modelling and software in 2007

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 23, No. 12. (December 2008), 1343,


[Excerpt] In recognition of our reviewers and to encourage high standards of constructive assessment in the journal, the Editors of EMS have instituted ‘Outstanding Reviewer Awards.’ These awards will be made annually through consultation among the Editors. The criteria for awards are based on constructiveness and depths of reviews, with some weight being given also to the number of reviews undertaken, as well as the turnaround time for the reviews. In any 1 year, a minimum of two reviews is required. ...


Outstanding reviewers for environmental modelling and software in 2008

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 24, No. 10. (October 2009), pp. 1137-1138,


[Excerpt] Established in 2007, the ‘Outstanding Reviewer Awards’ are being presented annually to recognize the dedication and efforts of our reviewers and to encourage high standards of constructive assessment in the journal. In 2008, 723 reviewers graciously offered their expertise to provide the editors with their professional advice on the scientific merit of works submitted to the journal. Ten awardees were shortlisted through consultation among the Editors, who considered the constructiveness and depths of reviews, the number of reviewers performed and ...


Outstanding reviewers for Environmental Modelling and Software in 2009

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 25, No. 10. (October 2010), 1063,


[Excerpt] Reviewers are key to the quality of Environmental Modelling and Software. They provide their advice, expertise and professional opinion on papers submitted to the journal to help ensure scientific rigour and validity in the works published. In 2009, 646 reviewers graciously provided their time and effort to the journal, and of these ten have been shortlisted to receive ‘Outstanding Reviewer Awards’. These awards are presented annually to recognize the dedication of those reviewers and to encourage high standards of constructive ...


Outstanding reviewers for Environmental Modelling and Software in 2013

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 57 (July 2014), pp. iii-iv,


[Excerpt] Reviewers play a crucial role in helping the journal maintain its position as a leader in environmental modelling and software methodology by ensuring the high quality of its publications. We are grateful to each and every one of the 1152 reviewers who dedicated their time and expertise to the journal in 2013. In particular, we recognize the exceptional contributions made by our ‘Reviewer of the Year’ Gerry Laniak and the ten ‘Outstanding Reviewer Award’ recipients, listed below. These awardees were ...


Outstanding reviewers for Environmental Modelling and Software in 2010

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 31 (May 2012), pp. 1-2,


[Excerpt] Environmental Modelling and Software’s high reputation would not be possible without the support from our reviewers who dedicate their expertise and time to help ensure the works published meet our high standard of scientific rigour and utility. In 2010, the journal was supported by 804 reviewers whose time and efforts are very much appreciated. While we are very grateful to every single one of our reviewers, we have shortlisted ten to receive Outstanding Reviewer Awards which recognize the considerable commitment ...


Continental-scale living forest biomass and carbon stock: a robust fuzzy ensemble of IPCC Tier 1 maps for Europe

IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 413 (2013), pp. 271-284,


Forest ecosystems play a key role in the global carbon cycle. Spatially explicit data and assessments of forest biomass and carbon are therefore crucial for designing and implementing effective sustainable forest management options and forest related policies. In this contribution, we present European-wide maps of forest biomass and carbon stock spatially disaggregated at 1km x 1km. The maps originated from a spatialisation improvement of the IPCC methodology for estimating the forest biomass at IPCC Tier 1 level (IPCC-T1). [\n] Using a categorical ...

Visual summary


Multi-scale robust modelling of landslide susceptibility: regional rapid assessment and catchment robust fuzzy ensemble

IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 413 (2013), pp. 321-335,


Landslide susceptibility assessment is a fundamental component of effective landslide prevention. One of the main challenges in landslides forecasting is the assessment of spatial distribution of landslide susceptibility. Despite the many different approaches, landslide susceptibility assessment still remains a challenge. A semi-quantitative method is proposed combining heuristic, deterministic and probabilistic approaches for a robust catchment scale assessment. A fuzzy ensemble model has been exploited for aggregating an array of different susceptibility zonation maps. Each susceptibility zonation has been obtained by applying ...


Dynamic data driven ensemble for wildfire behaviour assessment: a case study

IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 413 (2013), pp. 11-22,


Wildfire information has long been collected in Europe, with particular focus on forest fires. The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) of the European Commission complements and harmonises the information collected by member countries and covers the forest fire management cycle. This latter ranges from forest fire preparedness to post-fire impact analysis. However, predicting and simulating fire event dynamics requires the integrated modelling of several sources of uncertainty. Here we present a case study of a novel conceptualization based on a Semantic ...


An architecture for adaptive robust modelling of wildfire behaviour under deep uncertainty

IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 413 (2013), pp. 367-380,


Wildfires in Europe - especially in the Mediterranean region - are one of the major treats at landscape scale. While their immediate impact ranges from endangering human life to the destruction of economic assets, other damages exceed the spatio-temporal scale of a fire event. Wildfires involving forest resources are associated with intense carbon emissions and alteration of surrounding ecosystems. The induced land cover degradation has also a potential role in exacerbating soil erosion and shallow landslides. A component of the complexity in assessing ...

Visual summary


Modelling the ecological consequences of global climate change

Proc. iEMSs 4th Biennial Meeting - Int. CProceedings of the iEMSs Fourth Biennial Meeting: International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software (iEMSs 2008), Vol. 1 (2008), pp. 1-3

Integrated and participatory water resources management - Theory



Covering the more recent advances in Modelling, Planning, Management and Negotiations for Integrated Water Resource Management, this text brings together knowledge and concepts from Hydrology, System Analysis, Control Theory, Conflict Resolution, and Decision and Negotiation Theory. Without compromising on mathematical rigour, the book maintains a fine line between theory and application, methodology and tools, avoiding getting locked into excessively theoretical and formal development of the issues discussed. The non-technical aspects of water resource systems (such as societal, political and legal concerns) ...


Neuro-dynamic programming for designing water reservoir network management policies

Control Engineering Practice, Vol. 15, No. 8. (August 2007), pp. 1031-1038,


Stochastic dynamic programming (SDP) can improve the management of a multipurpose water reservoir by generating management policies which are efficient with respect to the management objectives (flood protection, water supply for irrigation, hydropower generation, etc.). The improvement in efficiency is even more remarkable for networks of reservoirs. Unfortunately, SDP is affected by the well-known ‘curse of dimensionality’, i.e. computational time and computer memory occupation increase exponentially with the dimension of the problem (number of reservoirs), and the problem rapidly becomes intractable. ...


Neuro-Dynamic Programming for the efficient integrated water resources management

In Modelling and control for participatory planning and managing water systems (30 September 2004)


Design of policies within the integrated water resources management (IWRM) paradigm demands to take into account multiple objectives such as flood protection, water supply for hydropower generation, irrigation and urban use, imposition of minimum environmental flows, etc.. Finding efficient water management policies is a demanding task and Stochastic Dynamic Programming (SDP) can provide an effective solution methodology. The efficiency boost is even more pronounced when the scale of integration of the water management problem spans networks of water resources (i.e. sets of interconnected reservoirs, or wide-area ...


A selective improvement technique for fastening neuro-dynamic programming in water resources network management

IFAC-PapersOnLine In Proceedings of the 16th IFAC World Congress, Vol. 38, No. 1. (04 July 2005), pp. 7-12,
edited by Pavel Zítek


An approach to the integrated water resources management based on Neuro-Dynamic Programming (NDP) with an improved technique for fastening its Artificial Neural Network (ANN) training phase will be presented. When dealing with networks of water resources, Stochastic Dynamic Programming provides an effective solution methodology but suffers from the so-called "curse of dimensionality", that rapidly leads to the problem intractability. NDP can sensibly mitigate this drawback by approximating the solution with ANNs. However in the real world applications NDP shows to be ...


  1. Archibald, T.W., McKinnon, K.I.M., Thomas, L.C., 1997. An aggregate stochastic dynamic programming model of multireservoir systems. Water Resour. Res. 33, 333-340.
  2. Bellman, R.E., Dreyfus, S.E., 1959. Functional approximations and dynamic programming. Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation 13, 247-251.
  3. Bellman, R.E., Kabala, R., Kotkin, B., 1963. Polynomial approximation – a new computational technique in dynamic programming. Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation 17, 155–161.
  4. Bertsekas, D.P.,

Neuro-dynamic programming for the efficient management of reservoir networks

In Proceedings of MODSIM 2001, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Vol. 4 (December 2001), pp. 1949-1954,


[:Significance (Ed.)] This article introduced in 2001 one of the very first successful applications of advanced machine learning techniques to solve complex, multicriteria management problems in water resources dealing with networks of water reservoirs. It applied approximate dynamic programming (here, neuro-dynamic programming - whose approximation of stochastic dynamic programming relies on artificial neural networks) to the integrated water resources management. The methodology is general enough to be potentially useful in other problems of integrated natural resources modelling and management (INRMM). [::Machine learning in ...


  1. Bellman, R.E., Dreyfus, S.E., 1959. Functional approximations and dynamic programming. Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, 13, pp. 247–251.
  2. Bertsekas, D.P., Tsitsiklis, J.N., 1996. Neuro-Dynamic Programming. Athena Scientific, Belmont, MA. INRMM-MiD:206209 .
  3. Georgakakos, A.P., Marks, D.H., 1987. A new method for real-time operation of reservoir systems. Water Resour. Res., 23(7), pp. 1376–1390.
  4. Georgakakos, A.P., 1989. Extended Linear Quadratic Gaussian Control for the real-time operation of reservoir
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