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Selection: Pretzsch:H [9 articles] 

Publications by author Pretzsch:H.
 

Positive biodiversity-productivity relationships in forests: climate matters

  
Biology Letters, Vol. 14, No. 4. (04 April 2018), 20170747, https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0747

Abstract

While it is widely acknowledged that forest biodiversity contributes to climate change mitigation through improved carbon sequestration, conversely how climate affects tree species diversity–forest productivity relationships is still poorly understood. We combined the results of long-term experiments where forest mixtures and corresponding monocultures were compared on the same site to estimate the yield of mixed-species stands at a global scale, and its response to climatic factors. We found positive mixture effects on productivity using a meta-analysis of 126 case studies established ...

 

Ecological stability of mixed-species forests

  
In Mixed-Species Forests (2017), pp. 337-382, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-54553-9_7

Abstract

In many parts of the world, forests are likely to face novel disturbance regimes as a result of global change processes, and there is concern that the capacity of forest ecosystems to withstand, recover from, or adapt to these novel disturbance regimes may decline. Creation and maintenance of species-diverse forests is seen as an important option to adapt forests to uncertain future disturbances. However, it is not known whether benefits of mixed-species forests consist mainly of risk spreading among tree species ...

 

Positive biodiversity-productivity relationship predominant in global forests

  
Science, Vol. 354, No. 6309. (14 October 2016), aaf8957, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf8957

Abstract

[Abstract] The biodiversity-productivity relationship (BPR) is foundational to our understanding of the global extinction crisis and its impacts on ecosystem functioning. Understanding BPR is critical for the accurate valuation and effective conservation of biodiversity. Using ground-sourced data from 777,126 permanent plots, spanning 44 countries and most terrestrial biomes, we reveal a globally consistent positive concave-down BPR, showing that continued biodiversity loss would result in an accelerating decline in forest productivity worldwide. The value of biodiversity in maintaining commercial forest productivity alone—US$166 billion ...

 

Effect of tree species mixing on the size structure, density, and yield of forest stands

  
European Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 135, No. 1. (2016), pp. 1-22, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-015-0913-z

Abstract

An increasing number of studies provide evidence that mixed-species stands can overyield monocultures. But it is still hardly understood, how the overyielding at the stand level emerges from the tree, canopy, and size structure. Analyses of 42 triplets with 126 mixed and mono-specific plots in middle-aged, two-species stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco), and European beech (Fagus sylvativa L.) in Central Europe revealed that mixed-species compared with mono-specific stands ...

 

Reconversion of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) stands into mixed forests: effects on soil properties and nutrient fluxes

  
In Management of mixed-species forest: silviculture and economics (1999), pp. 46-57
 

Juglans regia

  
In Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse: Handbuch und Atlas der Dendrologie (1995)

Abstract

Juglans regia L. ist eine aus wirtschaftlichen, ästhetischen und mythologischen Gründen geschätzte, sommergrüne Kulturbaumart asiatischer Herkunft, deren heutige Verbreitung in Europa, Nordamerika und Asien durch den Anbau zur Nuss- und Holzproduktion bestimmt ist. Sie gehört zu den Windblütlern, zeigt optimales Wachstum im Weinbauklima und erreicht ein Höchstalter von 150 bis 160 Jahren. Im Bestand erreicht die Art Höhen von 35 m und bildet lange, astfreie Schäfte aus einem besonders dekorativen und wertvollen Holz. Solitärstellung reduziert ihr Höhenwachstum und führt zu weit ...

 

The forests handbook, an overview of forest science

  
(2008)
edited by J. Evans

Abstract

The future of the world's forests is at the forefront of environmental debate. Rising concerns over the effects of deforestation and climate change are highlighting the need both to conserve and manage existing forests and woodland through sustainable forestry practices. The Forests Handbook, written by an international team of both scientists and practitioners, presents an integrated approach to forests and forestry, applying our present understanding of forest science to management practices, as a basis for achieving sustainability. Volume One presents an ...

 

A vertically discretised canopy description for ORCHIDEE (SVN r2290) and the modifications to the energy, water and carbon fluxes

  
Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, Vol. 7, No. 6. (5 December 2014), pp. 8565-8647, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmdd-7-8565-2014

Abstract

Since 70% of global forests are managed and forests impact the global carbon cycle and the energy exchange with the overlying atmosphere, forest management has the potential to mitigate climate change. Yet, none of the land surface models used in Earth system models, and therefore none of today's predictions of future climate, account for the interactions between climate and forest management. We addressed this gap in modelling capability by developing and parametrizing a version of the land surface model ORCHIDEE to ...

References

  1. Amiro, B., Barr, A., Black, T., Iwashita, H., Kljun, N., Mccaughey, J., Mogenstern, K., Murayama, S., Nesic, Z., Orchansky, A., 2006. Carbon, energy and water fluxes at mature and disturbed forest sites, Saskatchewan, Canada. Agr. Forest Meteorol., 136, 237–251, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2004.11.012 .
  2. Amiro, B., Orchansky, A., Barr, A., Black, T., Chambers, S., Chapin III, F., Goulden, M., Litvak, M., Liu, H., McCaughey, J., McMillan, A., Randerson, J., 2006. The effect of post-fire stand age on
 

Extraordinary drought of 2003 overrules ozone impact on adult beech trees ( Fagus sylvatica )

  
Trees - Structure and Function, Vol. 20, No. 5. (1 September 2006), pp. 539-548, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-006-0069-z

Abstract

The extraordinary drought during the summer of 2003 in Central Europe allowed to examine responses of adult beech trees ( Fagus sylvatica ) to co-occurring stress by soil moisture deficit and elevated O 3 levels under forest conditions in southern Germany. The study comprised tree exposure to the ambient O 3 regime at the site and to a twice-ambient O 3 regime as released into the canopy through a free-air O 3 fumigation system. Annual courses of photosynthesis ( A max ...

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