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Selection: Poesen:J [24 articles] 

Publications by author Poesen:J.
 

Effects of slope angle and aspect on plant cover and species richness in a humid Mediterranean badland

  
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 39, No. 13. (October 2014), pp. 1705-1716, https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3549

Abstract

Soil erosion is one of the most severe land degradation processes in the Mediterranean region. Although badlands occupy a relatively small fraction of the Mediterranean area, their erosion rates are very high. Many studies have investigated to what extent vegetation controls soil erosion rates. This study, however, deals with the impact of erosion on vegetation establishment. In semi-arid badlands of the Mediterranean, soil water availability constitutes the main limiting factor for vegetation development. As a consequence, south-facing slopes are typically less ...

 

How do root and soil characteristics affect the erosion-reducing potential of plant species?

  
Ecological Engineering (August 2017), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.08.001

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Fibrous roots are very effective in reducing flow erosion rates in sandy soils. [::] Soil texture and bulk density affects the erosion-reducing potential of plant roots. [::] Increasing soil bulk density hampers the erosion-reducing potential of fine roots. [::] Increasing sand content hampers the erosion-reducing potential of tap roots. [Abstract] Plant roots can be very effective in stabilizing the soil against concentrated flow erosion. So far, most research on the erosion-reducing potential of plant roots was conducted on loamy soils. However susceptible to incisive erosion ...

 

Ecological mitigation of hillslope instability: ten key issues facing researchers and practitioners

  
Plant and Soil, Vol. 377, No. 1-2. (2014), pp. 1-23, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-014-2044-6

Abstract

[Background] Plants alter their environment in a number of ways. With correct management, plant communities can positively impact soil degradation processes such as surface erosion and shallow landslides. However, there are major gaps in our understanding of physical and ecological processes on hillslopes, and the application of research to restoration and engineering projects. [Scope] To identify the key issues of concern to researchers and practitioners involved in designing and implementing projects to mitigate hillslope instability, we organized a discussion during the Third International Conference ...

 

Corrigendum to "Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility" published in Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci.,15, 225-245, 2015

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 15, No. 2. (16 February 2015), pp. 291-291, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-15-291-2015

Abstract

[Excerpt] Two editorial mistakes were found in the article. Both refer to Eq. (2), p. 231 (whose correct version was published in the discussion paper, p. 2652). [\n] The first mistake is related to the operator Ω, which was wrongly rendered with a summation operator (Σ). The editorial notation mistake is also evident by considering the semantics of the RDS (relative distance similarity) statistics. As explained in de Rigo et al. (2013) and Bosco et al. (2013), RDS is defined in [0, 1]. Therefore, a summation operator whose arguments are quantities ...

 

Impact of plant roots on the resistance of soils to erosion by water: a review

  
Progress in Physical Geography, Vol. 29, No. 2. (01 June 2005), pp. 189-217, https://doi.org/10.1191/0309133305pp443ra
Keywords: plant   resistance   roots   soil-erosion   water  

Abstract

Vegetation controls soil erosion rates significantly. The decrease of water erosion rates with increasing vegetation cover is exponential. This review reveals that the decrease in water erosion rates with increasing root mass is also exponential, according to the equation SEP e b RP where SEP is a soil erosion parameter (e.g., interrill or rill erosion rates relative to erosion rates of bare topsoils without roots), RP is a root parameter (e.g., root density or root length density) and b is a ...

 

The role of fine and coarse roots in shallow slope stability and soil erosion control with a focus on root system architecture: a review

  
Trees In Trees, Vol. 21, No. 4. (July 2007), pp. 385-402, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-007-0132-4
Keywords: review   roots   slope-stability   soil-erosion  
 

Effects of land use on annual runoff and soil loss in Europe and the Mediterranean

  
Progress in Physical Geography, Vol. 36, No. 5. (01 October 2012), pp. 599-653, https://doi.org/10.1177/0309133312451303

Abstract

The largest currently compiled database of plot runoff and soil loss data in Europe and the Mediterranean was analysed to investigate effects of land use on annual soil loss (SL), annual runoff (R) and annual runoff coefficient (RC). This database comprises 227 plot-measuring sites in Europe and the Mediterranean, with SL for 1056 plots (PL) representing 7024 plot-years (PY) and R for 804 PL representing 5327 PY. Despite large data variability, continental-wide trends are observed. Construction sites have the highest mean ...

 

Soil erosion in Europe: major processes, causes and consequences

  
In Soil Erosion in Europe (2006), pp. 477-487, https://doi.org/10.1002/0470859202.ch36
Keywords: europe   soil-erosion   soil-resources  

Abstract

This chapter contains sections titled: [::] Introduction [::] Functions of Soils and the Threat of Soil Erosion [::] The Physical and Shifting Human Geography of Europe as a Basis to Understanding Major Soil Erosion Processes and Controlling Factors [::] Is Soil Erosion a New Problem in Europe? [::] Overview of Major Soil Erosion Processes, their Spatial Extent, Major Controlling Factors and Consequences [::] Conclusions [::] Acknowledgements [::] References ...

 

Economic valuation of landslide damage in hilly regions: A case study from Flanders, Belgium

  
Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 447 (March 2013), pp. 323-336, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.01.025

Abstract

Several regions around the globe are at risk of incurring damage from landslides, but only few studies have concentrated on a quantitative estimate of the overall damage caused by landslides at a regional scale. This study therefore starts with a quantitative economic assessment of the direct and indirect damage caused by landslides in a 2910 km2 study area located west of Brussels, a low-relief region susceptible to landslides. Based on focus interviews as well as on semi-structured interviews with homeowners, civil ...

 

A review of the mechanical effects of plant roots on concentrated flow erosion rates

  
Earth-Science Reviews, Vol. 150 (November 2015), pp. 666-678, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.08.011

Abstract

Living plant roots modify both mechanical and hydrological characteristics of the soil matrix (e.g. soil aggregate stability by root exudates, soil cohesion, infiltration rate, soil moisture content, soil organic matter) and negatively influence the soil erodibility. During the last two decades several studies reported on the effects of plant roots in controlling concentrated flow erosion rates. However a global analysis of the now available data on root effects is still lacking. Yet, a meta-data analysis will contribute to a better understanding ...

 

Rates and spatial variations of soil erosion in Europe: a study based on erosion plot data

  
Geomorphology, Vol. 122, No. 1-2. (23 October 2010), pp. 167-177, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.06.011

Abstract

An extensive database of short to medium-term erosion rates as measured on erosion plots in Europe under natural rainfall was compiled from the literature. Statistical analysis confirmed the dominant influence of land use and cover on soil erosion rates. Sheet and rill erosion rates are highest on bare soil; vineyards show the second highest soil losses, followed by other arable lands (spring crops, orchards and winter crops). A land with a permanent vegetation cover (shrubs, grassland and forest) is characterised by ...

 

Evidence for repeated re-activation of old landslides under forest

  
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 34, No. 3. (15 March 2009), pp. 352-365, https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.1727

Abstract

Local reactivations of landslides in forests are rarely reported in landslide catalogues. The occurrence of hillslope sections with fresh morphological landslide features in forested old, deep-seated landslides, however, suggests that landslide reactivations are not restricted to residential areas. In this study, a dendrogeomorphological analysis of beech stands was used to investigate the periods of reactivation of a deep-seated rotational slide in the Koppenberg forest (Flemish Ardennes, Belgium). The relation to rainfall and the correspondence to landslide reactivations reported in a nearby ...

 

Interactive comment (reply to Anonymous Referee 3) on Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility - by Bosco et al

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions, Vol. 2 (2014), pp. C1786-C1795, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1379902

Abstract

Throughout the public discussion of our article Bosco et al. (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2, 2639-2680, 2014), the Anonymous Referee 3 provided (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2, C1592-C1594, 2014) a variety of insights. This work presents our replies to them. ...

 

Interactive comment (reply to Dino Torri) on Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility - by Bosco et al

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions, Vol. 2 (2014), pp. C671-C688, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1379901

Abstract

During the public discussion of our article Bosco et al. (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2, 2639-2680, 2014), D. Torri provided numerous insights (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. 2, C528-C532, 2014). This work offers our replies to them. ...

 

Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 15, No. 2. (4 February 2015), pp. 225-245, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-15-225-2015

Abstract

Soil erosion by water is one of the most widespread forms of soil degradation. The loss of soil as a result of erosion can lead to decline in organic matter and nutrient contents, breakdown of soil structure and reduction of the water-holding capacity. Measuring soil loss across the whole landscape is impractical and thus research is needed to improve methods of estimating soil erosion with computational modelling, upon which integrated assessment and mitigation strategies may be based. Despite the efforts, the ...

 

Interannual variation of soil losses due to sugar beet harvesting in West Europe

  
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 107, No. 4. (May 2005), pp. 317-329, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2004.12.005

Abstract

Soil erosion studies on cropland usually only consider water, wind and tillage erosion. However, significant amounts of soil may also be lost from the field during the harvest of crops such as sugar beet, potato, carrot and chicory root. During the harvest, soil adhering to the crop, loose soil or soil clods and stones are exported from the field together with these crops. This process of soil erosion is called soil losses due to crop harvesting or SLCH. In this study, ...

 

Gully erosion: impacts, factors and control

  
CATENA In Gully Erosion: A Global Issue, Vol. 63, No. 2-3. (31 October 2005), pp. 132-153, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2005.06.001

Abstract

Gully erosion attracts increasing attention from scientists as reflected by two recent international meetings [Poesen and Valentin (Eds.), Catena 50 (2–4), 87–564; Li et al., 2004. Gully Erosion Under Global Change. Sichuan Science Technology Press, Chengu, China, 354 pp.]. This growing interest is associated with the increasing concern over off-site impacts caused by soil erosion at larger spatial scales than the cultivated plots. The objective of this paper is to review recent studies on impacts, factors and control of gully erosion ...

 

Modelling mean annual sediment yield using a distributed approach

  
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 26, No. 11. (October 2001), pp. 1221-1236, https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.275

Abstract

In this paper a spatially distributed model for the calculation of sediment delivery to river channels is presented (SEDEM: SEdiment DElivery Model). The model consists of two components: (1) the calculation of a spatial pattern of mean annual soil erosion rates in the catchment using a RUSLE (Revised Soil Erosion Equation) approach; and (2) the routing of the eroded sediment to the river channel network taking into account the transport capacity of each spatial unit. If the amount of routed sediment ...

 

The nature of small-scale flooding, muddy floods and retention pond sedimentation in central Belgium

  
Geomorphology, Vol. 29, No. 3-4. (September 1999), pp. 275-292, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-555x(99)00020-3

Abstract

This study investigates the spatial variation of small-scale flooding and muddy floods in rural areas in a medium sized study area (5516 km2) and the linkage with controlling factors. A questionnaire set up in central Belgium indicates that 43% of the municipalities have to deal from time to time with muddy floods generated from direct runoff from arable land and 36% with flooding of permanent streams. A strong relation exists between the nature of the problem and the site in relation ...

 

Predicting soil erosion and sediment yield at the basin scale: scale issues and semi-quantitative models

  
Earth-Science Reviews, Vol. 71, No. 1-2. (June 2005), pp. 95-125, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2005.02.002

Abstract

Basin sediment yield is the product of all sediment producing processes and sediment transport within a basin. Consequently, the prediction of basin sediment yield should take into consideration all different erosion and sediment transport processes. However, traditional physics-based, conceptual, and empirical or regression models have not been able to describe all these processes due to insufficient systems knowledge and unfeasible data requirements. Therefore, the applicability of these models at the basin scale is troublesome. This paper first illustrates the relation between ...

 

Climate effects on soil erodibility

  
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 33, No. 7. (1 June 2008), pp. 1082-1097, https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.1604

Abstract

Soil erodibility data, calculated using measured soil loss from standard runoff plots, collected over at least one year and applying the standard requirements for calculating the soil erodibility factor (K) of the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE), have been analysed to investigate whether climate affects the susceptibility of soils to water erosion. In total, more than 300 K-values extracted from the literature have been analysed. Due to the limited availability of data related to the characteristics of the soil and the ...

 

A robust algorithm for estimating soil erodibility in different climates

  
CATENA, Vol. 97 (October 2012), pp. 85-94, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2012.05.012

Abstract

The analysis of global soil erodibility data by Salvador Sanchis et al. (2008) showed that there is a significant climate effect on soil erodibility which allows for a split of the data into two subsets, one for prevailing cool conditions and another for prevailing warm conditions (defined using the Köppen climate classification). Despite the recognition of this new dichotomous variable, prediction of soil erodibility values remained very poor. This paper presents a new technique for dealing with such a variability by ...

 

Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions, Vol. 2, No. 4. (11 April 2014), pp. 2639-2680, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhessd-2-2639-2014

Abstract

Soil erosion by water is one of the most widespread forms of soil degradation. The loss of soil as a result of erosion can lead to decline in organic matter and nutrient contents, breakdown of soil structure and reduction of the water holding capacity. Measuring soil loss across the whole landscape is impractical and thus research is needed to improve methods of estimating soil erosion with computational modelling, upon which integrated assessment and mitigation strategies may be based. Despite the efforts, ...

 

Spatially distributed modelling of soil erosion and sediment yield at regional scales in Spain

  
Global and Planetary Change, Vol. 60, No. 3-4. (February 2008), pp. 393-415, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2007.05.002

Abstract

Initiated by the need to quantify erosion rates and the impacts of global changes on erosion, several attempts have been made to apply erosion models at regional scales. However, these models have often been directed towards on-site soil erosion estimates, emphasising sheet and rill erosion processes, and disregarding gully erosion, channel erosion and sediment transport. These models are therefore of limited use for the assessment of sediment yield, off-site impacts of erosion, and for the development of environmental management to control ...

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