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Selection: Moreira:F [15 articles] 

Publications by author Moreira:F.

Agricultural policy can reduce wildfires

Science, Vol. 359, No. 6379. (01 March 2018), pp. 1001.1-1001,


[Excerpt] [...] Agriculture is an important driver of European wildfires. It is a major source of fire ignitions [...]. Additionally, farmland abandonment and policies promoting forestry increase fire hazard, as they lead to vegetation growth and fuel build-up in the landscape [...]. However, agriculture is also part of the solution. Agricultural areas, such as crops, orchards, and grasslands, are much less fire-prone, particularly if they include irrigated crops [...]. The European Union's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a powerful financial instrument ...


Landscape - wildfire interactions in southern Europe: Implications for landscape management

Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 92, No. 10. (October 2011), pp. 2389-2402,


[Abstract] Every year approximately half a million hectares of land are burned by wildfires in southern Europe, causing large ecological and socio-economic impacts. Climate and land use changes in the last decades have increased fire risk and danger. In this paper we review the available scientific knowledge on the relationships between landscape and wildfires in the Mediterranean region, with a focus on its application for defining landscape management guidelines and policies that could be adopted in order to promote landscapes with ...


Living with wildfires: what science can tell us - A contribution to the science-policy dialogue

Vol. 15 (2009)
edited by Yves Birot


[Excerpt: Introduction] Contrary to other natural hazards such as earthquakes or windstorms, wildfires are certainly among the most predictable ones. Therefore, it is a phenomenon which, in principle, should leave modern societies some degrees of freedom and margins of manoeuvre for implementing efficient counteracting strategies. However, this opportunity has not been properly used. Over the last decades, wildfires have proven to be a subject of growing concern for the Mediterranean Region. Woodlands, rangelands, maquis and garrigues in rural areas or at the interface with urban areas still ...


Fire hazard and flammability of European forest types

In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 79-92,


This chapter discusses the fire hazard and flammability of the forest types of Europe. It does not present an in-depth treatment of the subject of fire hazard and fuel flammability but after briefly listing and discussing the factors affecting flammability and its relation to fire hazard it focuses on the specifics of the European forest types and on expected changes under a global warming scenario, in an effort to provide support for post-fire management decisions. ...


A multicriteria risk analysis to evaluate impacts of forest management alternatives on forest health in Europe

Ecology and Society, Vol. 17, No. 4. (2012),


Due to climate change, forests are likely to face new hazards, which may require adaptation of our existing silvicultural practices. However, it is difficult to imagine a forest management approach that can simultaneously minimize all risks of damage. Multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) has been developed to help decision makers choose between actions that require reaching a compromise among criteria of different weights. We adapted this method and produced a multicriteria risk analysis (MCRA) to compare the risk of damage associated with ...


Post-fire survival and regeneration of Eucalyptus globulus in forest plantations in Portugal

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 310 (December 2013), pp. 194-203,


We modelled post-fire mortality and regeneration of E. globulus in forest plantations. Mortality was low but most trees were top-killed showing basal regeneration only. Mortality and top-kill were mainly affected by fire severity and tree diameter. Stand composition and vegetation cover also affected the probability of top-kill. Basal resprouting was affected by fire severity, tree diameter and topography. Eucalyptus globulus is one of the most important pulpwood plantation species in the world, and nowadays it is present in most continents. ...


Fire Ecology and Post-Fire Restoration Approaches in Southern European Forest Types

In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 93-119,


In this chapter we start by making an overview of plant adaptations to fire and post-fire response types, which will determine the post-fire management alternatives that might be used in specific forest and shrubland types. Some implications of climate change on fire regimes and plant responses are addressed, and the more fire prone forest types in Southern Europe are identified. We finish by discussing the major post-fire questions and management alternatives faced by forest managers, common to all forest and shrubland ...


Post-Fire Management of Serotinous Pine Forests

In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 121-150,


The current chapter describes the ecological context and post-fire management practices for the most important and fire-prone coniferous tree species in the Mediterranean Basin, the serotinous pine trees. The state of art about evolution, habitat and adaptive strategies of Pinus halepensis Mill, Pinus brutia Ten. and Pinus pinaster Aiton are included. The management of burned areas, from emergency to long-term actions, are included but also the influence of climate change and the changing fire dynamics are discussed. To illustrate it, we ...


Post-Fire Management of Non-Serotinous Pine Forests

In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 151-170,


This chapter analyzes the post-fire management of non serotinous pine forests. These pine species do not regenerate after fire and depend on the arrival of seeds from the unburned vegetation to recover after wildfires. The chapter starts with an overview of the ecological context of these forests, from their distribution, vegetation composition and importance to their response after fire. Then it introduces the main issues and alternatives of post-fire management, and concludes with two case studies, one in the western and ...


Management of Threatened, High Conservation Value, Forest Hotspots Under Changing Fire Regimes

In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 257-291,


The current chapter starts by describing the elements of biodiversity in the Mediterranean Basin hotspot. It then describes climate change and fire regime interactions. Geographically restricted forest types with high conservation value such as Abies cephalonica, A. pinsapo, Juniperus macrocarpa, Quercus trojana, Tetraclinis articulata and Pinus leucodermis forests are presented as case studies. These forest hotspots are threatened by changing fire regime either because they lack of any active post-fire regeneration mechanism or because they are exposed to more frequent fires ...


Assessment of fire selectivity in relation to land cover and topography: a comparison between Southern European countries

International Journal of Wildland Fire (2013),


Land cover distribution is one of the factors that influence fire behaviour and its consequences in the landscape. The relation between land cover type and fire was investigated at a broad scale, in order to analyse land cover differences in fire proneness. The selection ratio for nine different land cover categories was calculated for the fire perimeters mapped in Southern Europe between 2000 and 2008. The results obtained were then compared per country and region. The fire proneness of topographic classes ...


Modelling natural disturbances in forest ecosystems: a review

Ecological Modelling, Vol. 222, No. 4. (26 February 2011), pp. 903-924,


Natural disturbances play a key role in ecosystem dynamics and are important factors for sustainable forest ecosystem management. Quantitative models are frequently employed to tackle the complexities associated with disturbance processes. Here we review the wide variety of approaches to modelling natural disturbances in forest ecosystems, addressing the full spectrum of disturbance modelling from single events to integrated disturbance regimes. We applied a general, process-based framework founded in disturbance ecology to analyze modelling approaches for drought, wind, forest fires, insect pests ...


Are drought and wildfires turning Mediterranean cork oak forests into persistent shrublands?

Agroforestry Systems In Agroforestry Systems, Vol. 76, No. 2. (2009), pp. 389-400,


In the Iberian Peninsula Mediterranean oak forests have been transformed into a mosaic landscape of four main patch-types: forests, savannas, shrublands and grasslands. We used aerial photographs over a period of 45 years (1958–2002) to quantify the persistence and rates of transitions between vegetation patch-types in southern Portugal, where cork oak is the dominant tree species. We used logistic regression to relate vegetation changes with topographical features and wildfire history. Over the 45 years, shrublands have been the most persistent patch-type (59%), and ...


Modelling the impact of agricultural abandonment and wildfires on vertebrate diversity in Mediterranean Europe

In Landscape Ecology, Vol. 22, No. 10. (2007), pp. 1461-1476,


Agricultural land abandonment, widespread in the Mediterranean, is leading to a recovery of scrubland and forests which are replacing open habitats and increasing wildfire events. Using published data, we modelled the global and regional impact of abandonment and wildfires on 554 species of terrestrial vertebrates occurring in Mediterranean Europe. For all groups except amphibians, open habitats or farmland sustained higher species richness. Open habitats showed regional differences in their conservation value, western areas being particularly important for birds and amphibians and ...


Land cover change and fire regime in the European Mediterranean region post-fire management and restoration of Southern European forests

In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 21-43,


This chapter presents an analysis of land cover and land cover changes in Southern Europe and its relation to fire regimes. The influence of land cover and land cover changes in fire hazard is presented in the first section. This is followed by a detailed analysis of fire regimes in the study region. Two main parameters, number of wildfires and burned area, are used to study the temporal and spatial variability of forest fires in southern Europe during the last decades. ...

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