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Selection: MacDonald:LH [3 articles] 

Publications by author MacDonald:LH.
 

Empirical models of annual post-fire erosion on mulched and unmulched hillslopes

  
CATENA, Vol. 163 (April 2018), pp. 276-287, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2017.12.029

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Measured hillslope erosion with and without mulch following the 2012 High Park Fire. [::] Mulched slopes had fourfold lower erosion rates during the first year after fire. [::] Bare soil was the strongest control on erosion rates. [::] Empirical models predict erosion using bare soil, precipitation, and flow length. [::] Empirical model performance ranged from poor to good for different fires. [Abstract] Erosion is one of the primary land management concerns following wildfire. This study examines controls on post-fire hillslope-scale erosion for the 2012 High Park ...

 

Predicting postfire sediment yields at the hillslope scale: testing RUSLE and Disturbed WEPP

  
Water Resources Research, Vol. 43, No. 11. (1 November 2007), W11412, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006wr005560

Abstract

High-severity wildfires can increase hillslope-scale sediment yields by several orders of magnitude. Accurate predictions of postfire sediment yields are needed to guide management decisions and assess the potential impact of soil loss on site productivity and downstream aquatic resources. The Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) and Disturbed WEPP are the most commonly used models to predict postfire sediment yields at the hillslope scale, but neither model has been extensively tested against field data. The objectives of this paper are to ...

 

Strength and persistence of fire-induced soil hydrophobicity under ponderosa and lodgepole pine, Colorado Front Range

  
Hydrological Processes, Vol. 15, No. 15. (30 October 2001), pp. 2877-2892, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.379

Abstract

Fire-induced soil hydrophobicity is presumed to be a primary cause of the observed post-fire increases in runoff and erosion from forested watersheds in the Colorado Front Range, but the presence and persistence of hydrophobic conditions has not been rigorously evaluated. Hence the goals of this study were to: (1) assess natural and fire-induced soil hydrophobicity in the Colorado Front Range, and (2) determine the effect of burn severity, soil texture, vegetation type, soil moisture, and time since burning on soil hydrophobicity. ...

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