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Selection: Hovius:N [4 articles] 

Publications by author Hovius:N.

Microbial oxidation of lithospheric organic carbon in rapidly eroding tropical mountain soils

Science, Vol. 360, No. 6385. (12 April 2018), pp. 209-212,


[Microbes eat rocks and leave carbon dioxide] The reaction of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) with silicate rocks provides a carbon sink that helps counterbalance the release of CO2 by volcanic degassing. However, some types of rocks contain petrogenic organic carbon, the oxidation of which adds CO2 to the atmosphere, counteracting the drawdown by silicates. Hemingway et al. present evidence from the rapidly eroding Central Range of Taiwan showing that microbes oxidize roughly two-thirds of the petrogenic organic carbon there and that the ...


Climate-driven bedrock incision in an active mountain belt

Science, Vol. 297, No. 5589. (2002), pp. 2036-2038,
Keywords: asia   climate   geomorphology   water-resources  


Measurements of fluvial bedrock incision were made with submillimeter precision in the East Central Range of Taiwan, where long-term exhumation rates and precipitation-driven river discharge are independently known. They indicate that valley lowering is driven by relatively frequent flows of moderate intensity, abrasion by suspended sediment is an important fluvial wear process, and channel bed geometry and the presence of widely spaced planes of weakness in the rock mass influence erosion rate and style. ...


The climatic signature of incised river meanders

Science, Vol. 327, No. 5972. (2010), pp. 1497-1501,


Climate controls landscape evolution, but quantitative signatures of climatic drivers have yet to be found in topography on a broad scale. Here we describe how a topographic signature of typhoon rainfall is recorded in the meandering of incising mountain rivers in the western North Pacific. Spatially averaged river sinuosity generated from digital elevation data peaks in the typhoon-dominated subtropics, where extreme rainfall and flood events are common, and decreases toward the equatorial tropics and mid-latitudes, where such extremes are rare. Once ...


Landslide impact on organic carbon cycling in a temperate montane forest

Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 36, No. 12. (30 September 2011), pp. 1670-1679,


In humid, forested mountain belts, bedrock landslides can harvest organic carbon from above ground biomass and soil (OCmodern) while acting to refresh the landscape surface and turnover forest ecosystems. Here the impact of landslides on organic carbon cycling in 13 river catchments spanning the length of the western Southern Alps, New Zealand is assessed over four decades. Spatial and temporal landslide maps are combined with the observed distribution and measured variability of hillslope OCmodern stocks. On average, it is estimated that ...

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