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Selection: Hortal:J [4 articles] 

Publications by author Hortal:J.
 

The uncertain nature of absences and their importance in species distribution modelling

  
Ecography, Vol. 33, No. 1. (1 February 2010), pp. 103-114, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2009.06039.x

Abstract

Species distribution models (SDM) are commonly used to obtain hypotheses on either the realized or the potential distribution of species. The reliability and meaning of these hypotheses depends on the kind of absences included in the training data, the variables used as predictors and the methods employed to parameterize the models. Information about the absence of species from certain localities is usually lacking, so pseudo-absences are often incorporated to the training data. We explore the effect of using different kinds of ...

 

Seven shortfalls that beset large-scale knowledge of biodiversity

  
Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, Vol. 46, No. 1. (2015), pp. 523-549, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-112414-054400

Abstract

Ecologists and evolutionary biologists are increasingly using big-data approaches to tackle questions at large spatial, taxonomic, and temporal scales. However, despite recent efforts to gather two centuries of biodiversity inventories into comprehensive databases, many crucial research questions remain unanswered. Here, we update the concept of knowledge shortfalls and review the tradeoffs between generality and uncertainty. We present seven key shortfalls of current biodiversity data. Four previously proposed shortfalls pinpoint knowledge gaps for species taxonomy (Linnean), distribution (Wallacean), abundance (Prestonian), and evolutionary ...

 

Integrating biogeographical processes and local community assembly

  
Journal of Biogeography, Vol. 39, No. 4. (April 2012), pp. 627-628, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02684.x

Abstract

[Excerpt] The nature of ecological communities has been a longstanding question in ecology since the debate between F.E. Clements and H.A. Gleason (Ricklefs, 2008). While Clements (1936) viewed communities as closed structures that tend to persist through time, Gleason (1926) perceived them as dynamic entities resulting from the mere coincidence of species’ distributions in space and time. [...] The absence of large-scale processes from Clements’ ideas – which focus exclusively on local interactions – may create the false impression that community ...

 

Information visualisation for science and policy: engaging users and avoiding bias

  
Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 29, No. 3. (7 March 2014), pp. 148-157, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2014.01.003

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Science and policy rely on reliable and unbiased communications. [::] Visualisations and graphics are a powerful means to communicate. [::] Ecology lacks appropriate expertise, skills, and knowledge in visualisation. [::] Great opportunities are available if we rethink the role of visualisation in our work. [::] The way we think about visualisation needs to be reframed within our disciplines. [Abstract] Visualisations and graphics are fundamental to studying complex subject matter. However, beyond acknowledging this value, scientists and science-policy programmes rarely consider how visualisations can enable discovery, create ...

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