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Selection: Funtowicz:S [5 articles] 

Publications by author Funtowicz:S.
 

What is science's crisis really about?

  
Futures, Vol. 91 (August 2017), pp. 5-11, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2017.05.010

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Science’s crisis is real. A resolution is not in sight, but a Reformation is not impossible. [::] The mainstream interpretation of the root causes of the crisis (perverse incentive, too many papers) is insufficient. [::] The crisis is due to a transformed role: from emancipation and betterment of mankind to instrument of profit and growth [::] Scientists cannot resolve the problem alone and have high stakes in the preservation of the status quo. [::] Institutions are in denial pretending that current predicaments of science ...

 

Global environmental issues and the emergence of Second Order Science

  
Vol. 12803 (1990)

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] The fundamental achievements of science, like those of all creative activities, have a timeless quality. The social activity of science, like any other, evolves in response to its changing circumstances, in its objects, methods and social functions. In the high Middle Ages, the independence of secular learning was established in the universities, removed from the monasteries; and the boundary between the sacred and private on the one hand, and the secular and public on the other, was set for ...

 

Report of the working group "Democratising expertise and establishing scientific reference systems"

  
(2001)

Abstract

[Excerpt: Executive summary] [::1] ‘Experts’ are consulted by policy makers, the media and the public at large to explain and advise on such diverse issues as climate change, employment policy, BSE (‘mad cow disease’), and genetically modified organisms. However, many recent cases have shown that expertise, while being increasingly relied upon, is also increasingly contested. [::2] Furthermore, in the interplay between different levels of governance in the European Union, expertise must be credible across a variety of national scientific and policy cultures. ...

 

Uncertainty, complexity and post-normal science

  
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 13, No. 12. (1994), pp. 1881-1885, https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620131203

Abstract

The quality of the scientific inputs to the policy process is known to be problematic. No one can claim “truth” for his results. Nor can uncertainty be banished, but good quality can be achieved by its proper management. The interaction of systems uncertainties and decision stakes can be used to provide guidance for the choice of appropriate problem-solving strategies. When either or both of these are high, then mission-oriented applied science and client-serving professional consultancy are not adequate in themselves, and ...

 

Science for the post-normal age

  
Futures, Vol. 25, No. 7. (September 1993), pp. 739-755, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-3287(93)90022-l

Abstract

In response to the challenges of policy issues of risk and the environment, a new type of science-‘post-normal’-is emerging. This is analysed in contrast to traditional problem-solving strategies, including core science, applied science, and professional consultancy. We use the two attributes of systems uncertainties and decision stakes to distinguish among these. Postnormal science is appropriate when either attribute is high; then the traditional methodologies are ineffective. In those circumstances, the quality assurance of scientific inputs to the policy process requires an ...

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