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Selection: Fernandes:P [9 articles] 

Publications by author Fernandes:P.
 

Avaliação dos incêndios ocorridos entre 14 e 16 de outubro de 2017 em Portugal Continental - Relatório Final

  
(2018)

Abstract

[Excerpt] Os incêndios rurais que afetaram o território continental, nos dias 14, 15 e 16 de outubro de 2017, geraram um novo ambiente caracterizado simultaneamente de consternação, de impotência e de explicitação da fragilidade da nossa organização social. O ano de 2017 foi aliás pleno de episódios consumidores e destrutivos de áreas florestais, desde os incêndios de Pedrógão Grande até aos fogos que atingiram grandes áreas territoriais, afetando não só espaços florestais privados, como também áreas agrícolas, matas nacionais, infraestruturas empresariais, equipamentos municipais, instalações de turismo rural e ...

 

Living with wildfires: what science can tell us - A contribution to the science-policy dialogue

  
Vol. 15 (2009)
edited by Yves Birot

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] Contrary to other natural hazards such as earthquakes or windstorms, wildfires are certainly among the most predictable ones. Therefore, it is a phenomenon which, in principle, should leave modern societies some degrees of freedom and margins of manoeuvre for implementing efficient counteracting strategies. However, this opportunity has not been properly used. Over the last decades, wildfires have proven to be a subject of growing concern for the Mediterranean Region. Woodlands, rangelands, maquis and garrigues in rural areas or at the interface with urban areas still ...

 

Characteristics and controls of extremely large wildfires in the western Mediterranean Basin

  
Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 121, No. 8. (August 2016), pp. 2141-2157, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016jg003389

Abstract

Large fires account for a disproportionally high percentage of area burned with potentially severe environmental and socioeconomic impacts. This study characterizes extremely large fires (ELFs; 2500–24,843 ha) in Portugal (1998–2013) and the concomitant fuel and weather conditions, analyzing the response of ELF size to their variation. ELF burned less shrubland-grassland (33% of the total ELF area) than forest (59% of total), the latter primarily composed by pine and pine-eucalypt. High fuel hazard was the norm, as indicated by median values of 0.98 ...

 

Fire hazard and flammability of European forest types

  
In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 79-92, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2208-8_4

Abstract

This chapter discusses the fire hazard and flammability of the forest types of Europe. It does not present an in-depth treatment of the subject of fire hazard and fuel flammability but after briefly listing and discussing the factors affecting flammability and its relation to fire hazard it focuses on the specifics of the European forest types and on expected changes under a global warming scenario, in an effort to provide support for post-fire management decisions. ...

 

Combining forest structure data and fuel modelling to classify fire hazard in Portugal

  
Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 66, No. 4. (2009), pp. 415-415, https://doi.org/10.1051/forest%2f2009013

Abstract

Fire management activities can greatly benefit from the description of wildland fuel to assess fire hazard. [\n] A forest typology developed from the Portuguese National Forest Inventory that combines cover type (the dominant overstorey species) and forest structure defined as a combination of generic stand density (closed or open) and height (low or tall) is translated into fuel models. Fire behaviour simulations that accounted for the fire environment modification induced by stand structure resulted in an objective and quantitative assessment of fire ...

 

Fire resistance of European pines

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 256, No. 3. (July 2008), pp. 246-255, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.04.032

Abstract

Pine resistance to low- to moderate-intensity fire arises from traits (namely related to tissue insulation from heat) that enable tree survival. Predictive models of the likelihood of tree mortality after fire are quite valuable to assist decision-making after wildfire and to plan prescribed burning. Data and models pertaining to the survival of European pines following fire are reviewed. The type and quality of the current information on fire resistance of the various European species is quite variable. Data from low-intensity fire ...

 

The fire ecology and management of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.)

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 241, No. 1-3. (30 March 2007), pp. 1-13, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.01.010

Abstract

Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) is an important conifer from the western Mediterranean Basin. Fire is the most significant threat to maritime pine plantations but also a disturbance that plays a vital role in the perpetuation of natural stands. The species has physical characteristics that allow survival after low-intensity fire, namely thick bark, and reproduction processes that facilitate recovery after stand replacement fire from seeds stored in serotinous cones. These traits are consistent with the opposing strategies of fire resistance and ...

 

Post-Fire Management of Serotinous Pine Forests

  
In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 121-150, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2208-8_6

Abstract

The current chapter describes the ecological context and post-fire management practices for the most important and fire-prone coniferous tree species in the Mediterranean Basin, the serotinous pine trees. The state of art about evolution, habitat and adaptive strategies of Pinus halepensis Mill, Pinus brutia Ten. and Pinus pinaster Aiton are included. The management of burned areas, from emergency to long-term actions, are included but also the influence of climate change and the changing fire dynamics are discussed. To illustrate it, we ...

 

Modelling natural disturbances in forest ecosystems: a review

  
Ecological Modelling, Vol. 222, No. 4. (26 February 2011), pp. 903-924, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.09.040

Abstract

Natural disturbances play a key role in ecosystem dynamics and are important factors for sustainable forest ecosystem management. Quantitative models are frequently employed to tackle the complexities associated with disturbance processes. Here we review the wide variety of approaches to modelling natural disturbances in forest ecosystems, addressing the full spectrum of disturbance modelling from single events to integrated disturbance regimes. We applied a general, process-based framework founded in disturbance ecology to analyze modelling approaches for drought, wind, forest fires, insect pests ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/author/Fernandes:P

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