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Selection: Erb:K [4 articles] 

Publications by author Erb:K.
 

Archetypical patterns and trajectories of land systems in Europe

  
Regional Environmental Change (2015), pp. 1-18, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-015-0907-x

Abstract

Assessments of land-system change have dominantly focused on conversions among broad land-use categories, whereas intensity changes within these categories have received less attention. Considering that both modes of land change typically result in diverse patterns and trajectories of land-system change, there is a need to develop approaches to reduce this complexity. Using Europe as a case study, we applied a clustering approach based on self-organising maps and 12 land-use indicators to map (1) land-system archetypes for the year 2006, defined as ...

 

Exploring the biophysical option space for feeding the world without deforestation

  
Nature Communications, Vol. 7 (19 April 2016), 11382, https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11382

Abstract

Safeguarding the world’s remaining forests is a high-priority goal. We assess the biophysical option space for feeding the world in 2050 in a hypothetical zero-deforestation world. We systematically combine realistic assumptions on future yields, agricultural areas, livestock feed and human diets. For each scenario, we determine whether the supply of crop products meets the demand and whether the grazing intensity stays within plausible limits. We find that many options exist to meet the global food supply in 2050 without deforestation, even ...

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Reconstructing European forest management from 1600 to 2010

  
Biogeosciences, Vol. 12, No. 14. (23 July 2015), pp. 4291-4316, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-4291-2015

Abstract

Because of the slow accumulation and long residence time of carbon in biomass and soils, the present state and future dynamics of temperate forests are influenced by management that took place centuries to millennia ago. Humans have exploited the forests of Europe for fuel, construction materials and fodder for the entire Holocene. In recent centuries, economic and demographic trends led to increases in both forest area and management intensity across much of Europe. In order to quantify the effects of these changes in forests and to provide a baseline for ...

 

Linking pattern and process in cultural landscapes. An empirical study based on spatially explicit indicators

  
Land Use Policy, Vol. 21, No. 3. (July 2004), pp. 289-306, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2003.10.012

Abstract

Landscapes can be seen as the contingent and historically variable outcome of an interplay between socio-economic and biophysical forces. Landscape ecologists use a wealth of indicators based on landscape patterns to evaluate landscape diversity (LD), landscape structure, the naturalness of landscapes, and land-use intensity. Indicators such as the human appropriation of net primary production (HANPP) are increasingly used to evaluate the changes in ecosystem processes induced by land use. Based on a study region in the central part of Lower Austria ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/author/Erb:K

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