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Selection: Chapron:G [5 articles] 

Publications by author Chapron:G.
 

Bushmeat hunting and extinction risk to the world's mammals

  
Royal Society Open Science, Vol. 3, No. 10. (01 October 2016), 160498, https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.160498

Abstract

Terrestrial mammals are experiencing a massive collapse in their population sizes and geographical ranges around the world, but many of the drivers, patterns and consequences of this decline remain poorly understood. Here we provide an analysis showing that bushmeat hunting for mostly food and medicinal products is driving a global crisis whereby 301 terrestrial mammal species are threatened with extinction. Nearly all of these threatened species occur in developing countries where major coexisting threats include deforestation, agricultural expansion, human encroachment and ...

 

Europe's biodiversity avoids fatal setback

  
Science, Vol. 355, No. 6321. (13 January 2017), pp. 140-140, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aam6200

Abstract

[Excerpt] [...] The 1979 Birds Directive and 1992 Habitats Directive have proven instrumental for European nature conservation, contributing to the improved conservation status of many species. Today, more than 1500 species are protected under the Directives, and 18% of the European Union's land area and 6% of its oceans form part of the Natura 2000 network of protected areas. For these species and sites, the Directives impose legally binding, enforceable obligations on EU member states, as well as limits on potentially ...

 

Status, management and distribution of large carnivores – bear, lynx, wolf & wolverine – in Europe

  
(December 2012)

Abstract

[Excerpt: General introduction] Large carnivores (bears Ursus arctos, wolves Canis lupus, lynx Lynx lynx and wolverines Gulo gulo) are among the most challenging group of species to maintain as large and continuous populations or to reintegrate back into the European landscape. Political, socioeconomic and society changes challenge past management approaches in some of the large populations. At the same time local improvements in habitat quality, the return of their prey species, public support and favourable legislation allow for the recovery of some small populations. Several of Europe’s ...

 

Recovery of large carnivores in Europe's modern human-dominated landscapes

  
Science, Vol. 346, No. 6216. (18 December 2014), pp. 1517-1519, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1257553

Abstract

[Editor's summary: Success for Europe's large carnivores?] Despite pessimistic forecasts, Europe's large carnivores are making a comeback. Chapron et al. report that sustainable populations of brown bear, Eurasian lynx, gray wolf, and wolverine persist in one-third of mainland Europe. Moreover, many individuals and populations are surviving and increasing outside protected areas set aside for wildlife conservation. Coexistence alongside humans has become possible, argue the authors, because of improved public opinion and protective legislation. [Abstract] The conservation of large carnivores is a formidable ...

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Complex decisions made simple: a primer on stochastic dynamic programming

  
Methods in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 4, No. 9. (1 September 2013), pp. 872-884, https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210x.12082

Abstract

* Under increasing environmental and financial constraints, ecologists are faced with making decisions about dynamic and uncertain biological systems. To do so, stochastic dynamic programming (SDP) is the most relevant tool for determining an optimal sequence of decisions over time. * Despite an increasing number of applications in ecology, SDP still suffers from a lack of widespread understanding. The required mathematical and programming knowledge as well as the absence of introductory material provide plausible explanations for this. * Here, we fill ...

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