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Selection: Camia:A [44 articles] 

Publications by author Camia:A.
 

The European Fire Database: technical specifications and data submission

  
Vol. 26546 (2014), https://doi.org/10.2788/2175

Abstract

The European Fire Database is an important component of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS), the EC focal point of information on forest fires established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Environment to provide up to date and harmonized information on forest fires in Europe. As of 2014 EFFIS is part of the Forest Information System for Europe (FISE), following the new EU Forest Strategy adopted in 2013. The Fire Database is the largest repository ...

 

Assessing European wild fire vulnerability

  
Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14 (April 2012), 9452

Abstract

Wild fire vulnerability is a measure of potential socio-economic damage caused by a fire in a specific area. As such it is an important component of long-term fire risk management, helping policy-makers take informed decisions about adequate expenditures for fire prevention and suppression, and to target those regions at highest risk. This paper presents a first approach to assess wild fire vulnerability at the European level. A conservative approach was chosen that assesses the cost of restoring the previous land cover after a potential fire. Based on the CORINE ...

 

Modeling the impacts of climate change on forest fire danger in Europe: sectorial results of the PESETA II Project

  

Abstract

This constitutes a sectorial analysis of the PESETA II project of the European Commission Joint Research Center in the area of wildfires. [\n] Wildfires are a serious threat to European forests, and climate is the most important driving factor affecting wildfire potential over time (Flannigan et al., 2000). Wildfires are an environmental, economic and social problem particularly in the southern European countries, where wildfires regularly burn thousands of hectares of forests and other lands. Changes in wildfire regimes may have strong impacts on natural resources and ecosystems stability, ...

 

Estimating future burned areas under changing climate in the EU-Mediterranean countries

  
Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 450-451 (April 2013), pp. 209-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.02.014

Abstract

The impacts of climate change on forest fires have received increased attention in recent years at both continental and local scales. It is widely recognized that weather plays a key role in extreme fire situations. It is therefore of great interest to analyze projected changes in fire danger under climate change scenarios and to assess the consequent impacts of forest fires. In this study we estimated burned areas in the European Mediterranean (EU-Med) countries under past and future climate conditions. Historical ...

 

A review of the main driving factors of forest fire ignition over Europe

  
Environmental Management, Vol. 51, No. 3. (2013), pp. 651-662, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-012-9961-z

Abstract

Knowledge of the causes of forest fires, and of the main driving factors of ignition, is an indispensable step towards effective fire prevention policies. This study analyses the factors driving forest fire ignition in the Mediterranean region including the most common human and environmental factors used for modelling in the European context. Fire ignition factors are compared to spatial and temporal variations of fire occurrence in the region, then are compared to results obtained in other areas of the world, with ...

 

Living with wildfires: what science can tell us - A contribution to the science-policy dialogue

  
Vol. 15 (2009)
edited by Yves Birot

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] Contrary to other natural hazards such as earthquakes or windstorms, wildfires are certainly among the most predictable ones. Therefore, it is a phenomenon which, in principle, should leave modern societies some degrees of freedom and margins of manoeuvre for implementing efficient counteracting strategies. However, this opportunity has not been properly used. Over the last decades, wildfires have proven to be a subject of growing concern for the Mediterranean Region. Woodlands, rangelands, maquis and garrigues in rural areas or at the interface with urban areas still ...

 

Sensitivity of burned area in Europe to climate change, atmospheric CO2 levels, and demography: a comparison of two fire-vegetation models

  
Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 120, No. 11. (1 November 2015), pp. 2256-2272, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015jg003036

Abstract

Global environmental changes and human activity influence wildland fires worldwide, but the relative importance of the individual factors varies regionally and their interplay can be difficult to disentangle. Here we evaluate projected future changes in burned area at the European and sub-European scale, and we investigate uncertainties in the relative importance of the determining factors. We simulated future burned area with LPJ-GUESS-SIMFIRE, a patch-dynamic global vegetation model with a semi-empirical fire model, and LPJmL-SPITFIRE, a dynamic global vegetation model with a ...

 

Modeling temporal changes in human-caused wildfires in Mediterranean Europe based on Land Use-Land Cover interfaces

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 378 (October 2016), pp. 68-78, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.07.020

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] LULC interfaces between forest and other land uses modeled human-caused wildfire. [::] Euro Mediterranean Europe was analyzed in two time periods, 1990s and 2000s. [::] Models positive related interface density to an increase in fire density. [::] At country-level analysis did not revealed significant differences in the models. [::] A ten year period can be scarce to detect significant LULC changes linked to fire. [Abstract] In the period 1980s–2010s, 95% of wildfires in Mediterranean Europe were due to human causes. In this highly populated region, socio-economic ...

 

Modelling impacts of climate change on forest fire danger

  
No. JRC78846. (2013)

Abstract

Forest fires are an environmental, economic and social problem particularly in the southern European countries, where wildfires regularly burn thousands of hectares of forests and other lands. Changes in wildfire regimes may have strong impacts on natural resources and ecosystems stability, with consequent direct and indirect economic losses. On the other hand, active forest management and wildfire management practices have some potential to counteract the impacts of a changing climate. Meteorological fire danger indices evaluate and summarize the fire danger considering ...

References

  1. Alexander, M.E., 2008. Proposed revision of fire danger class criteria for forest and rural areas in New Zealand. Christchurch: National Rural Fire Authority, Wellington, in association with the Scion Rural Fire Research Group.
  2. Balshi, M.S., McGuire, A.D., Duffy, P., Flannigan, M., Walsh, J., Melillo, J., 2009. Assessing the response of area burned to changing climate in western boreal North America using a Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS) approach. Global Change Biology, 15, 578-600.
 

Harmonized classification scheme of fire causes in the EU adopted for the European Fire Database of EFFIS

  

Abstract

The information on the causes of forest fires is of paramount importance to support the environmental and civil protection policies and design appropriate prevention measure. At the European level a simple common scheme with 4 fire causes classes (deliberate, accident/negligence, natural and unknown) has been used to record information on fire causes since 1992. European countries use national schemes which in most cases are much more detailed than the simple 4 common classes, but they are not harmonized and detailed cross ...

 

Forest fire danger projections in the Mediterranean using ENSEMBLES regional climate change scenarios

  
Climatic Change, Vol. 122, No. 1-2. (2014), pp. 185-199, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-013-1005-z

Abstract

We present future fire danger scenarios for the countries bordering the Mediterranean areas of Europe and north Africa building on a multi-model ensemble of state-of-the-art regional climate projections from the EU-funded project ENSEMBLES. Fire danger is estimated using the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index (FWI) System and a related set of indices. To overcome some of the limitations of ENSEMBLES data for their application on the FWI System—recently highlighted in a previous study by Herrera et al. (Clim Chang 118:827–840, 2013)—we ...

 

Advances in remote sensing and GIS applications in support of forest fire management

  
International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 23, No. 5. (2014), 603, https://doi.org/10.1071/wf14117

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] In recent years, the importance of wildfires as a natural or a human-induced phenomenon has gained recognition not only at local but also at regional and global levels. Improved remote sensing and computational capabilities enable the rapid processing of large image datasets in near-real time. As a result, remote sensing and geographic information systems are becoming common tools for fire monitoring at local, regional and global levels [...]. [\n] Wildland fires, a hot topic of research since the early days of ...

 

The potential predictability of fire danger provided by numerical weather prediction

  
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology (5 August 2016), https://doi.org/10.1175/jamc-d-15-0297.1

Abstract

A global fire danger rating system driven by atmospheric model forcing has been developed with the aim of providing early warning information to civil protection authorities. The daily predictions of fire danger conditions are based on the US Forest Service National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS), the Canadian forest service Fire Weather Index Rating System (FWI) and the Australian McArthur (MARK-5) rating systems. Weather forcings are provided in real time by the European Centre for Medium range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) forecasting ...

 

European forest ecosystems - State and trends

  
Vol. 5/2016 (21 March 2016), https://doi.org/10.2800/964893

Abstract

[Executive summary] The importance of forests with regard to supporting human needs is considerable. [\n] Forests are rich in biodiversity and valuable for recreation, water regulation and soil protection. [\n] As well as for providing timber and other non-wood forest products, forests are important for mitigating climate change and for the renewable energy sector. [\n] Forest ecosystems are exposed to a range of environmental, economic and social pressures that challenge their sustainability. The forest sector is influenced by the unprecedented pressures arising from climate change and the growing demands of society on natural resources. ...

References

  1. Agenda 21, 2016. http://rod.eionet.europa.eu/instruments/573 , accessed 25 February 2016.
  2. Adams, M. A., 2013. Mega-fires, tipping points and ecosystem services: Managing forests and woodlands in an uncertain future. Forest Ecology and Management, 294, 250–261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.11.039 .
  3. Aggestam, F., Weiss, G., 2011. An updated and further elaborated policy database and a tested prototype of policy analysis interface for ToSIA, EFI Technical Report 38, European Forest Institute, Joensuu.
 

Metadata model for the European forest information and communication platform

  
International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, Vol. 2 (2007), pp. 112-131

Abstract

This paper describes the metadata model conceived for the future European Forest Information and Communication Platform (EFICP). The core of the platform, currently under implementation in the scope of a two-year project funded by the European Commission, is given by a repository of metadata that describes the available information resources. These are distinguished in terms of resource categories (common / bibliographic resources, news, spatial data information services and statistical data) and are treated in a ...

 

Development of a methodology for the analysis of socio-economic impact of forest fires in Europe

  
In The 5th International Wildland Fire Conference (May 2011)
 

Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2011

  

Abstract

This is the 12th "Forest fires in Europe" report published by the European Commission. The area covered by the report has been enlarged to include also Middle East and North Africa countries, thus also the title of the report has been changed accordingly. The report contains a summary of the 2011 fire season in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa with official statistics of the number of fires and burned area compiled by the contributing countries. In addition to country ...

 

Forest Fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2013

  

Abstract

This is the 14-th Forest Fires in Europe report published by the European Commission. The report contains a summary of the 2013 fire season in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa with official statistics on the number of fires and burnt areas compiled by the contributing countries. In addition to country reports with a summary of the 2013 fire season provided by the countries, the report Forest Fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa informs about the latest developments ...

 

Forest fires and adaptation options in Europe

  
Regional Environmental Change, Vol. 16, No. 1. (2016), pp. 21-30, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-014-0621-0

Abstract

This paper presents a quantitative assessment of adaptation options in the context of forest fires in Europe under projected climate change. A standalone fire model (SFM) based on a state-of-the-art large-scale forest fire modelling algorithm is used to explore fuel removal through prescribed burnings and improved fire suppression as adaptation options. The climate change projections are provided by three climate models reflecting the SRES A2 scenario. The SFM’s modelled burned areas for selected test countries in Europe show satisfying agreement with ...

 

Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2012

  

Abstract

This is the 13th Forest Fires in Europe report published by the European Commission. The area covered by the report includes also Middle East and North Africa countries, thus the title has been changed accordingly. The report contains a summary of the 2012 fire season in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa with official statistics on the number of fires and burnt areas compiled by the contributing countries. In addition to country reports with a summary of the past fire ...

 

Data specification on natural risk zones - Technical guidelines

  
No. D2.8.III.12_v3.0. (2013)
edited by Florian Thomas

Abstract

[Interoperability of Spatial Data Sets and Services - General Executive Summary] The challenges regarding the lack of availability, quality, organisation, accessibility, and sharing of spatial information are common to a large number of policies and activities and are experienced across the various levels of public authority in Europe. In order to solve these problems it is necessary to take measures of coordination between the users and providers of spatial information. The Directive 2007/2/EC of the Europe an Parliament and of the ...

 

State of Mediterranean forests 2013

  
(2013)

Abstract

[Abstract] Forest ecosystems and other wooded lands are an important component of landscapes in the Mediterranean region, contributing significantly to rural development, poverty alleviation and food security. They are sources of wood, cork, energy, food and incomes, and they provide important ecosystem services such as biodiversity conservation, soil and water protection, recreation and carbon storage. They are crucial for many of the region’s economic sectors, such as food supply, agriculture, soil and water conservation, drinking water supply, tourism and energy. The ...

 

Climate impacts in Europe - The JRC PESETA II project

  
edited by J. C. Ciscar

Abstract

The objective of the JRC PESETA II project is to gain insights into the sectoral and regional patterns of climate change impacts in Europe by the end of this century. The study uses a large set of climate model runs and impact categories (ten impacts: agriculture, energy, river floods, droughts, forest fires, transport infrastructure, coasts, tourism, habitat suitability of forest tree species and human health). The project integrates biophysical direct climate impacts into a macroeconomic economic model, which enables the comparison ...

References

  1. Aaheim, A., Amundsen, H., Dokken, T., Wei, T., 2012. Impacts and Adaptation to Climate Change in European Economies. Global Environmental Change 22(4), 959-968. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.06.005 .
  2. Alley, R.B., Whillans, I.M., 1991. Changes in the West Antarctic ice sheet. Science 254 (5034), 959–963. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.254.5034.959 .
  3. Anstey, J., Davini, P., Gray, L., Woollings, T., 2012. Multi-model analysis of winter blocking and tropospheric jet variability: The roles of horizontal and vertical resolution. Submitted to J.
 

Design and function of the European Forest Fire Information System

  
Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, Vol. 79, No. 10. (1 October 2013), pp. 965-973, https://doi.org/10.14358/pers.79.10.965

Abstract

The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) is a modular decision support system that monitors forest fires at a continental scale. It delivers real-time, multi-dimensional data on forest fires to civil protection and fire fighting services in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle-East. Since its inception in 2001, EFFIS has evolved into the central reference point for pan-European forest and wildfire information, and this paper describes and current applications demonstrate the state-of-the-art fire information systems that provide data to civil protection ...

 

Modeling biomass burning and related carbon emissions during the 21st century in Europe

  
Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 118, No. 4. (December 2013), pp. 1732-1747, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jg002444

Abstract

In this study we present an assessment of the impact of future climate change on total fire probability, burned area, and carbon (C) emissions from fires in Europe. The analysis was performed with the Community Land Model (CLM) extended with a prognostic treatment of fires that was specifically refined and optimized for application over Europe. Simulations over the 21st century are forced by five different high-resolution Regional Climate Models under the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios A1B. Both original and bias-corrected ...

 

Exploring the relationships of fire occurrence variables by means of CART and MARS models

  
In Proceedings of the 4th International Wildland Fire Conference, Sevilla, Spain, 13-18 May 2007 (2007)

Abstract

Recently, in the framework of long-term fire risk assessment, researcher have implemented spatial and non-spatial non-parametric prediction models to discover complex relationships among wildfire variables. The main scope was to overcome the assumption of spatial stationarity in the relationship among the response variable and the predictors, assumed by the traditional regression techniques. The present article aims to test and compare the potential of the CART and MARS models in predicting fire occurrence at local scale. The test is performed in the Arno River Basin, a fire prone ...

 

Vulnerability of Pinus cembra L. in the Alps and the Carpathian mountains under present and future climates

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 259, No. 4. (05 February 2010), pp. 750-761, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.10.001

Abstract

Proactive management should be applied within a forest conservation context to prevent extinction or degradation of those forest ecosystems that we suspect will be affected by global warming in the next century. The aim of this study is to estimate the vulnerability under climate change of a localized and endemic tree species Pinus cembra that occurs in the alpine timberline. We used the Random Forest ensemble classifier and available bioclimatic and ecological data to model present and future suitable areas for ...

 

Climate change in Europe. 3. Impact on agriculture and forestry. A review

  
Agronomy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 29, No. 3. (2009), pp. 433-446, https://doi.org/10.1051/agro%2f2008068

Abstract

This article reviews major impacts of climate change on agriculture and forestry. ...

 

Modeling spatial patterns of fire occurrence in Mediterranean Europe using multiple regression and random forest

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 275 (July 2012), pp. 117-129, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.03.003

Abstract

[Abstract] Fire occurrence, which results from the presence of an ignition source and the conditions for a fire to spread, is an essential component of fire risk assessment. In this paper, we present and compare the results of the application of two different methods to identify the main structural factors that explain the likelihood of fire occurrence at European scale. [\n] Data on the number of fires for the countries of the European Mediterranean region during the main fire season (June–September) were obtained ...

 

Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012: an indicator-based report

  
EEA Report, Vol. 12 (2012)

Abstract

[Excerpt]Executive summary. Key messages • Climate change (increases in temperature, changes in precipitation and decreases in ice and snow) is occurring globally and in Europe; some of the observed changes have established records in recent years. • Observed climate change has already led to a wide range of impacts on environmental systems and society; further climate change impacts are projected for the future. • Climate change can increase existing vulnerabilities and deepen socio‐economic imbalances in Europe. • Damage ...

 

Dynamic data driven ensemble for wildfire behaviour assessment: a case study

  
IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 413 (2013), pp. 11-22, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41151-9_2

Abstract

Wildfire information has long been collected in Europe, with particular focus on forest fires. The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) of the European Commission complements and harmonises the information collected by member countries and covers the forest fire management cycle. This latter ranges from forest fire preparedness to post-fire impact analysis. However, predicting and simulating fire event dynamics requires the integrated modelling of several sources of uncertainty. Here we present a case study of a novel conceptualization based on a Semantic ...

 

Climate impacts in Europe: an integrated economic assessment

  
In Impacts World 2013 - International Conference on Climate Change Effects (May 2013), pp. 87-96, https://doi.org/10.2312/pik.2013.001

Abstract

The JRC PESETA II study integrates the consequences of several separate climate change impacts into a macroeconomic CGE model. This enables comparison of the different impacts based on common metrics (household welfare and economic activity). The study uses a large set of climate model runs (twelve) and impact categories (agriculture, energy demand, river floods, sea-level rise, forest fires, transport infrastructure). The results show that there is a wide dispersion of impacts across EU regions, with strong geographical asymmetries, depending on the specific ...

References

  1. Brown,S., Nicholls, R.J., Vafeidis, A., Hinkel, J., Watkiss, P., 2011. The Impacts and Economic Costs of Sea Level Rise in Europe and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation. Summary of Results from the EC RTD ClimateCost Project. In Watkiss, P., (Editor), 2011. The ClimateCost Project. Final Report. Volume 1: Europe. Published by the Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden, 2011. ISBN 978-91-86125-35-6.
  2. Camia, A., Libertà, G., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., 2012. Modelling impacts of climate change on forest
 

Description of the indices implemented in EUDIC software for the European meteorological forest fire risk mapping

  
(May 2000)

Abstract

EUDIC is a software developed in the frame of a collaboration between the Department AGROSELVITER of the University of Turin and the Space Application Institute of the Joint Research Centre. The software is aimed to compute daily a number of meteorological fire danger indices in Europe, using as input either measured meteorological data from the MARS database or forecasted weather data from MeteoFrance. The output are raster maps of the European Mediterranean basin or other portions of the European territory, ...

 

Assessment of forest fire impacts and emissions in the European Union based on the European Forest Fire Information System

  
In Wildland Fires and Air Pollution, Vol. 8 (2008), pp. 197-208, https://doi.org/10.1016/s1474-8177(08)00008-9

Abstract

An analysis on the number of forest fires and burned area distribution as retrieved by the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) database is presented. On average, from 2000 to 2005 about 95,000 fires occurred annually in 23 European countries, burning almost 600,000 ha of forest land every year. Of these about two-thirds or 65,000 fires occurred in 5 European Union (EU) Mediterranean countries (France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain) where on average half a million hectares of forest land were burned ...

 

State of Europe's forests, 2011: status & trends in sustainable forest management in Europe

  
(2011)

Abstract

The State of Europe’s Forests 2011 report provides a comprehensive, up-to-date description of the status and trends of forests and forest management in Europe. The report aims to stimulate sound policy decisions on forests and forest-related issues in Europe by providing objective and harmonized data for FOREST EUROPE’s Signatories. This Summary for Policy Makers presents a compact and comprehensive overview of status and trends, as well as challenges and opportunities for forests, forest policy and forest management in Europe. The report is structured ...

 

Free and Open Source Software underpinning the European Forest Data Centre

  
Geophysical Research Abstracts In European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2013, Vol. 15 (2013), 12101, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.155700

Abstract

Worldwide, governments are growingly focusing on free and open source software (FOSS) as a move toward transparency and the freedom to run, copy, study, change and improve the software. The European Commission (EC) is also supporting the development of FOSS [...]. In addition to the financial savings, FOSS contributes to scientific knowledge freedom in computational science (CS) and is increasingly rewarded in the science-policy interface within the emerging paradigm of open science. Since complex computational science applications may be affected by ...

 

Projecting future burnt area in the EU-Mediterranean countries under IPCC SRES A2/B2 climate change scenarios

  
In Proceedings of the VII International EARSeL Workshop - Advances on Remote Sensing and GIS applications in Forest Fire Management, No. JRC55149. (2009), pp. 33-38

Abstract

The goal of this work is to use the results of statistical modelling of historical (1985-2004) monthly burnt areas in European Mediterranean countries, as a function of monthly weather data and derived fire danger indexes, and to analyse potential trends under present and future climate conditions. Meteorological variables were extracted from the ECMWF, and the FWI system components were computed from 1961 until 2004. Monthly averages of the indexes were used as explanatory variables in a stepwise multiple linear regression analysis, to estimate the monthly burnt areas in ...

 

Fire news management in the context of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

  
In proceedings of "Quinta conferenza italiana sul software geografico e sui dati geografici liberi" (GFOSS DAY 2012) (2012), https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.101918

Abstract

[Introduction] The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) has been established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Environment (DG ENV) of the European Commission (EC) in close collaboration with the Member States and neighbor countries. EFFIS is intended as complementary system to national and regional systems in the countries, which provides harmonized information required for international collaboration on forest fire prevention and fighting and in cases of trans-boundary fire events. It provides updated information before (fire ...

References

  1. Annoni, A., Craglia, M., de Roo, A., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., 2010. Earth observations and dynamic mapping: Key assets for risk management. In: Konecny, M., Zlatanova, S., Bandrova, T. L. (Eds.), Geographic Information and Cartography for Risk and Crisis Management. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 3-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03442-8_1 .
  2. Bishr, M., Kuhn, W., 2007. Geospatial information Bottom-Up: A matter of trust and semantics. In: Fabrikant, S., Wachowicz, M. (Eds.), The European
 

Enhancing the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) with open source software

  
In FOSS4G 2010 (September 2010)

Abstract

The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) of the European Commission provides since the year 2000 support to forest fire prevention and fighting in Europe. The system is built using open source geospatial software such as OpenLayers, TileCache, MapServer, GeoServer and GDAL/OGR. The decision to use open source software came from the need for a flexible and reliable system, which could quickly and easily be extended to accommodate for changes in end user requirements. Recent developments in geospatial open source software ...

 

L'utilizzo di software GFOSS nello European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

  
In 3a conferenza italiana sul software geografico libero (GFOSS Day 2010) (November 2010)
 

The European Fire Database: development, structure and implementation

  
In 6th International Conference on Forest Fire Research, No. A20. (November 2010)
 

Comprehensive monitoring of wildfires in Europe: the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

  
In Approaches to Managing Disaster - Assessing Hazards, Emergencies and Disaster Impacts (14 March 2012), https://doi.org/10.5772/28441

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] Fires are an integral component of ecosystem dynamics in European landscapes. However, uncontrolled fires cause large environmental and economic damages, especially in the Mediterranean region. On average, about 65000 fires occur in Europe every year, burning approximately half a million ha of wildland and forest areas; most of the burnt area, over 85%, is in the European Mediterranean region. Trends in number of fires and burnt areas in the Mediterranean region are presented in Fig. 1. [\n] Recent analyses of ...

 

The European Forest Fire Information System in the context of environmental policies of the European Union

  
Forest Policy and Economics, Vol. 29 (April 2013), pp. 19-25, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2011.08.012

Abstract

Since the mid-20th century, countries in Europe have been organized to record information on forest fires and their effects. These initiatives were established at regional and often national level, without major interaction among countries in Europe. With the expansion of the European Union in the 1980s, when Mediterranean countries were incorporated in the EU, the issue of forest fires increased in relevance, mainly due to the damages caused by fires in the natural areas of these countries. Initial EU policies related ...

 

Land cover change and fire regime in the European Mediterranean region post-fire management and restoration of Southern European forests

  
In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 21-43, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2208-8_2

Abstract

This chapter presents an analysis of land cover and land cover changes in Southern Europe and its relation to fire regimes. The influence of land cover and land cover changes in fire hazard is presented in the first section. This is followed by a detailed analysis of fire regimes in the study region. Two main parameters, number of wildfires and burned area, are used to study the temporal and spatial variability of forest fires in southern Europe during the last decades. ...

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