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Selection: Anderson:K [6 articles] 

Publications by author Anderson:K.
 

cffdrs: an R package for the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System

  
Ecological Processes, Vol. 6, No. 1. (31 January 2017), 5, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13717-017-0070-z

Abstract

[Introduction] The Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System (CFFDRS) is a globally known wildland fire risk assessment system, and two major components, the fire weather index system and the fire behavior prediction system, have been extensively used both nationally and internationally to aid operational wildland fire decision making. [Methods] In this paper, we present an overview of an R package cffdrs, which is developed to calculate components of the CFFDRS, and highlight some of its functionality. In particular, we demonstrate how these functions could ...

 

Relating changes in duff moisture to the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System in Populus tremuloides stands in Elk Island National Park

  
Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 37, No. 10. (1 October 2007), pp. 1987-1998

Abstract

The manner in which trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) forest duff moisture changes during the growing season was investigated in Elk Island National Park, Alberta, Canada. A calibration–validation procedure incorporating one calibration site with moisture sampling across three topographic positions was used to develop predictive models, which were subsequently compared with 12 validation sites across three vegetation types throughout the Park. Duff moisture was modelled against the Duff Moisture Code and Drought Code components of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index ...

 

The trouble with negative emissions

  
Science, Vol. 354, No. 6309. (14 October 2016), pp. 182-183, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aah4567

Abstract

In December 2015, member states of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) adopted the Paris Agreement, which aims to hold the increase in the global average temperature to below 2°C and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C. The Paris Agreement requires that anthropogenic greenhouse gas emission sources and sinks are balanced by the second half of this century. Because some nonzero sources are unavoidable, this leads to the abstract concept of “negative emissions,” the ...

 

The impact of charcoal production on forest degradation: a case study in Tete, Mozambique

  
Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 11, No. 9. (01 September 2016), 094020, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/11/9/094020

Abstract

Charcoal production for urban energy consumption is a main driver of forest degradation in sub Saharan Africa. Urban growth projections for the continent suggest that the relevance of this process will increase in the coming decades. Forest degradation associated to charcoal production is difficult to monitor and commonly overlooked and underrepresented in forest cover change and carbon emission estimates. We use a multitemporal dataset of very high-resolution remote sensing images to map kiln locations in a representative study area of tropical ...

 

Updated source code for calculating fire danger indices in the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System

  
Vol. NOR-X-424 (2015)

Abstract

This report presents updated versions of the FORTRAN 77 program originally published by the Canadian Forest Service in 1985 and used to calculate the Canadian forest fire weather indices from daily weather observations. The updated program is presented here in FORTRAN 95, C, C++, Python, Java and SAS/IML programming languages to meet the needs of various users. The updated versions are easier to understand and use than the original source code. The updated source codes were written in a modular programming style, consisting of a main program and ...

References

  1. Canadian Forestry Service. 1984. Tables for the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System. (4th ed.) Environ. Can., Can. For. Serv., Ottawa, ON. For. Tech. Rep. 25. Also available at http://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/pubwarehouse/pdfs/31168.pdf .
  2. Chapman, S. J. 2004. FORTRAN 90/95 for scientists and engineers. McGraw Hill Higher Education, Toronto, ON. Also available at http://www.mhhe.com/engcs/general/chapman/index.mhtml .
  3. De Groot, W.J.; Field, R.D.; Brady, M.A.; Roswintiarti, O.; Mohamad, M. 2006. Development of the
 

Incorporating stakeholder decision support needs into an integrated regional Earth system model

  
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change In Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 17, No. 7. (21 March 2012), pp. 805-819, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-011-9345-3

Abstract

A new modeling effort exploring the opportunities, constraints, and interactions between mitigation and adaptation at regional scale is utilizing stakeholder engagement in an innovative approach to guide model development and demonstration, including uncertainty characterization, to effectively inform regional decision making. This project, the integrated Regional Earth System Model (iRESM), employs structured stakeholder interactions and literature reviews to identify the most relevant adaptation and mitigation alternatives and decision criteria for each regional application of the framework. The information is used to identify ...

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