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What is science's crisis really about?

Andrea Saltelli, Silvio Funtowicz



Highlights.
Science’s crisis is real. A resolution is not in sight, but a Reformation is not impossible.
The mainstream interpretation of the root causes of the crisis (perverse incentive, too many papers) is insufficient.
The crisis is due to a transformed role: from emancipation and betterment of mankind to instrument of profit and growth
Scientists cannot resolve the problem alone and have high stakes in the preservation of the status quo.
Institutions are in denial pretending that current predicaments of science do not weaken its privileged role in governance.

Abstract. Present day reasoning about difficulties in science reproducibility, science governance, and the use of science for policy could benefit from a philosophical and historical perspective. This would show that the present crisis was anticipated by some scholars of these disciplines, and that diagnoses were offered which are not yet mainstream among crisis-aware disciplines, from statistics to medicine, from bibliometrics to biology. Diagnoses in turn open the path to possible solutions. This discussion is urgent given the impact of the crises on public trust in institutions. We ask whether the present crisis may be seminal in terms of drawing attention to alternative visions for the role of Science in society, and its relevant institutional arrangements. We finish by offering a number of suggestions in this direction.


Futures, Vol. 91 (August 2017), pp. 5-11, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2017.05.010 
Key: INRMM:14443914

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