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Steps towards transparency in research publishing


As research and editorial processes become increasingly open, scientists and editors need to be proactive but also alert to risks.

Excerpt (Disclaimer)


The following text is a small excerpt from the original publication. Within the general INRMM-MiD goal of indexing useful meta-information on INRMM related publications, this excerpt is intended as a handy summary of some potentially interesting aspects of the publication. However, the excerpt is surely incomplete and some key aspects may be missing or their correct interpretation may require the full publication to be carefully read. Please, refer to the full publication for any detail.


[...] The examples given here relate to initiatives by the Nature Research journals, some of which follow pioneering work by other publishers. [...] One such initiative is the checklist introduced by Nature and the Nature journals in 2013 for life-sciences submissions. [...] Malcolm Macleod of the University of Edinburgh, UK, and his colleagues [..] looked at the completeness of reporting in journals following the initiatives.

Five steps to transparency. Credit to Macleod and his colleagues: there were no fewer than five welcome types of transparency in this project itself. These embody a gradual trend in which the public release of research results is moving farther away from the traditional form of a single, wrap-up publication.
First, the authors published a formal research protocol in a peer-reviewed journal [...]. Such publications are a mechanism, already established in clinical and other interventions research, by which authors ensure that their research is well designed. [...]
Second, the authors posted the final draft paper describing their conclusions on a preprint server before submission
Third and fourth, the group released the data-analysis plan and the analysis code before data collection was completed. [...]
Fifth, the complete data set was publicly deposited on Figshare [...]
This is an example of the research process being disaggregated, publicly, into its components: peer-reviewed research design, a preprint of outcomes that invites community responses, the release of code and data, and final publication. Such a practice allows greater access to the thinking behind a project. It also provides an opportunity to directly distribute credit to the authors for their efforts on the various components. [...]

Nature, Vol. 549, No. 7673. (26 September 2017), pp. 431-431, 
Key: INRMM:14439938



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